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Lord of the Flies as a Social Commentary:

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by

Jessy Kruemmel

on 15 April 2014

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Transcript of Lord of the Flies as a Social Commentary:

Lord of the Flies as a Social Commentary:
A Sociological Criticism

1954
Social Influences
Golding in the Royal Navy (1940) Participated in the invasion of Normandy

Post WWII
England

Testing
theories
on humanity and human violence (Prison Guard Experiment)

School teacher - experiments with
students, observe kids' behavior
Cultural influence
Many popular books about boys going on adventures, w/ dangerous but glamorous outcomes
-a sort of parody of
Coral Island
War time conditions
Rationing
prevalent since WWII begins
meat and fruit hard to get
Hardships
common for British citizens
cities destroyed, clothes/supplies hard to get
Attitudes
about
social class
remained
lower(factory working), middle( and upper class - unchangeable
Social Commentary
Human nature is violent and savage
Militaristic, dictatorships win out over democracies by using
fear
to control people
The "psychology of fear" drives civilized people to act wildly
Counter mining rationalist optimism that humankind can be perfected - saying we are inherently flawed
Key aspects of human experience
Desire for political order - represented by the meeting platform and conch

Natural inclination toward evil and violence, countries' need for a military - represented by choirboys/hunters/murderers

belief in supernatural/divine intervention - represented by almost ceremonial dances, chants and sacrifices
Image of an average flawed society
Group of white, British boys
Ralph
Democracy and intentions of civilized society.
Jack
Autocracy and human tendency toward cruelty and savagery.
The
conch
a symbol of order/leadership.
Piggy
intelligence, science, technology and rationality
Simon
spirituality, human goodness
Littleuns
average people, swayed by fear and societal influence
The Island and characters act as a microcosm of the war torn world around it
Boys symbolize waring countries'
ideals
and
leadership
. Harsh environment reminiscent of a
war zone
. Fighting "
pointless"
, about an imaginary
fear
.
Social Influence
Allegory and Symbolism
Sociological interpretation
Mutually Assured Destruction
Concept during the Cold War - nuclear war would mean all involved will be destroyed.
Explored through conflict between Ralph and Jack
presentation by Jessy Kruemmel
Full transcript