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American Literature- Time Periods, Movements, Major Writers
Transcript of American Literature- Time Periods, Movements, Major Writers
In modernism, loss of control is reflected in characters' actions and the writing itself.
may be fragmented
shifts in point of view
19th century American Literature
Romanticism emphasizes passion, imagination and intuition, and free spontaneous diction. Romanticism is for pleasure, not politics, and can get very personal.
It can have elements of the supernatural and be very emotional.
Transcendentalism was an intellectual movement, led by highly educated people.The feelings expressed by transcendentalist writers are intense, the ideas serious, the reflection deep and meaningful. Transcendentalists were attempting to create an American aesthetic, and this is reflected in their language and tone.
The Age of Faith
The Age of Reason
The Age of Reason started during the time of the American Revolution and growth of patriotism. Reason and logic were used, as opposed to faith alone. This time was known as the
Writing style: ornate
Characters are from the lower-middle class or lower class, and are usually poor, uneducated, and unsophisticated. Throughout the literature they go though raw, unpleasant experiences and be at the mercy of biological and socioeconomic forces.
Realism authors portray life in a realistic way without "sugarcoating" anything because they wanted to "write reality."
Humans have some degree of free will that they can exercise to affect their situations.
Demonstrate knowledge of eighteenth-, nineteenth-, and early twentieth century foundational works of American Literature, including how two or more texts from the same period treat similar themes on topics.
cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain
demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence
Thomas Paine: Common Sense
Before it all started. . .
myths and legends
focused on nature and mostly creation stories
pilgrims & religion
patriots & politics
People were beginning a new century and new millennium.
mix of fantasy and non fiction
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Henry David Thoreau
use of supernatural
characters had both good and evil characteristics
Had elements of horror!
Authors like Edgar Allan Poe had dark and depressed characters.
aimed to change a specific social change
The Harlem Renaissance
was a black cultural movement that emerged in Harlem in the 20's.
Music, art, and literature flourished
Age of Faith Vs. Age of Reason
Devoted to preparing for a world to come
Devoted to this world and its pursuits
Divine- God centered world
Live, breathe, and sleep the Bible
Use scientific experiment to achieve results
God appointed individuals as either "saved" or "damned"
God's special gift to humanity is reason- the ability to think in a logical way
The "elect" should exert greater influence on government
Leadership by the those who are the best regardless of class
Both are "basic" views of life and humanity
God is absent in both writings
Honest, authentic representation of life
Focused on the middle-class and its problems in a specific area
Believed that the representation of life is important
Focused on the major drama.
favored the lower-class for its character, violence, and taboo themes.
Believed that nature itself is an
Though many transcendentalist writers used the essay form to express their ideas, some writers used poetry, specifically free verse.
More Poetic Forms
While she doesn't exactly fall into the category of the Transcendentalists, she was well-regarded by Emerson
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
by: Jonathan Edwards
Writing Style: plain, like the Geneva Bible
Religion dominated their lives and writings. Puritans used writing to expore their inner and outer lives for the signs of the workings of God.
Edgar Allen Poe
The Civil War
Harriet Beecher Stowe
20th Century Poets
The term naturalism describes a type of literature that attempts to apply scientific principles of objectivity and detachment to its study of human beings.
pre-hippie, highly intellectual, anti-tradition
countered the hidden despair of the 50's with wildly exuberant language and behavior
William S. Burroughs
Novelist, essayist, poet
pen name= William Lee
A beat writer is a journalist who reports on an issue or a particular sector over time.
Joyce Carol Oates
Carrie: The Book
Carrie: The Movie
Carrie is slightly overweight with long, dirty blonde hair and many pimples.
Carrie wipes out most of the town on her rampage after the school prank.
The people at the prom are actually laughing at Carrie when the the blood is dumped on her
Chris and Billy hear about the fire from their friend are are trying to leave town when they see Carrie. She causes their car to crash into the road house, killing them.
They are driving from the prom and they try to run Carrie over. She flips the car, causing their deaths.
It is only in Carrie's imagination that everyone is laughing at her when the blood is dumped on her at the prom
The damage is limited to her school.
The story is framed through police reports and other documents.
It is a normal story.
She is thin and has clear skin.
Maxine Hong Kingston
A man said to the universe:
"Sir, I exist!"
"However," replied the universe,
"The fact has not created in me a sense of obligation."
--Stephen Crane (1894)
"Europeans did not find a wilderness here; rather, however, involuntarily, they made one. Jamestown, Plymouth, Salem, Boston, Providence, Philadelphia--all grew upon sites previously occupied by Indian communities. The so-called settlement of America was a resettlement, a reoccupation of a land made waste by the diseases and demoralization introduced by the newcomers."
The Invasion of America
Time Periods, Movements, Major Writers