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Meyerhold

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Gavin Huscroft

on 20 October 2017

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Transcript of Meyerhold

Meyerhold
Overview of Practice and Biomechanics
The Early Years
Considered to be on of the 20Th century's greatest theatrical innovators.

Fascinated with the art of theatre studied at the Moscow Art Theatre school

Began stage directing 1902 and lasted for 37 years directing more than 290 productions

his early work had a foundation in realism

later breaking away from realism this was displayed in his work " The Death Of Tintagiles by Maeterlynck this was perfromed in a laboratory environment.
GOAL!
To apply the methods of Biomechanics in rehearsal.

To create a piece of theatre using Biomechanics
Departure from realistic theatrical tradition.
The first Russian Director to develop a symbolist style of theatrical representation.

He operated theatre studios to develop actor training developing the techniques of "commedia dell'arte" this was developed in his work "The Fair Ground Booth and Beautiful lady"

Collaborated with outstanding painters of the time.

He directed many opera's Wagner, Stravinsky

later progressing into film with his experimenting with "A Portrait of Dorian Gray

He later joined the Communist party

later he founded his experimental company named The "Vsevolod Meyerhold theatre"

Extracts of Biomechanics
Theatre of the grotesque
From "Symbolism" to the "grotesque" "The fairground both", was commissioned stage adaptation of a poem.

later the style of the grotesque derived from "Life of a man"

later productions where "The Magnificent Cuckold" "The Death of Tarelkan" "Earth Rampant" " Teh Forest Dispensed" "Falko's Bubus".

Meyerhold wanted to breakaway form Realism and move into exploration of the art with focus on the body and physicality he created a careully choreographed and structured stylised movement sequences for actors training he called these "The Etudes". 'Movement scores to tell a story.

Focus on Biomechanics
Biomechanics

The purpose of the Etudes is broken down in the following way:

1:intention
2:realisation
3: reaction

or

1: Otkas
2: Posyl
3: Stoika



Throwing the stone
The bow and arrow
Using the entire body Etudes
:
Throwing the stone
shooting the arrow
stab the dagger
slapping the face
building the pyramid
strike with the feet
dropping the weight
the horse rider
tipping up
carrying the sack
the leap from the back
the circle.

Excercise:
Try the initial handshake
.
Students stand apart
The both reach back in as an exaggerated way as possible (
intention
)
They both stretch and connect their hands for the shake (
realization
)
They both separate their hands, moving to an extreme exaggerated position (
reaction
).

Using this method, in pairs, the performers choose another physical movement and break the movement into three parts:

intention, realization and reaction.
Any movement can be exaggerated.
It develops real physical control.
From this a series of movements can be put together.
Add in dialogue and you have a Biomechanics performance.


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