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Transcript of John Dewey
Theory of Experience
An "experience" occurs between an individual and his/her environment (objects & other people). The relationship between the experience and individual was the most important aspect.
The principle of continuity states that all experiences (past and present) are carried forward and influence future experiences and decisions.
The principle of interaction refers to the objective and internal conditions of an experience.
The objective conditions are the educator's actions, materials used, and the social set-up of the learning situation.
The learner's internal conditions are his/her personal needs, attitudes, desires, capacities, and purposes.
Building the Future
Builders of Knowledge:
Designed innovative approaches and programs in education necessitating students to think critically and be problem solvers.
The classroom teacher was the authority for lecture and control.
Educational system focused on textbook curriculum and cultural heritage for its content.
Psychologist, Philosopher, & Educator
1859 - 1952
"Education is life itself."
John Dewey was born in Burlington, Vermont, on October 20, 1859.
In 1879 he began his teaching career.
Over the course of Dewey’s life time he witnessed slavery, immigration, industrialization, and four wars. These experiences influenced his views of education.
In 1896 he opened the Laboratory School in Chicago permitting students an education they “experienced”. Classes combined theoretical work, activities, and practical experiences.
Two of John Dewey's major publications were Democracy and Education (1916) and Experience and Education in (1938).
Learning by "doing" ~ hands-on activities
Growth and expression of individuality.
Highly personalized education.
Learning through Experience.
Acquisition of skills that are vital and appealing to students.
Dewey's view of Education
Builders of Values:
All children can learn especially when encouraged in areas of their interest.
Builders of Community:
A strong supporter of
social issues that challenged students to be
Education should be child-centered placing the learning emphasis on the needs & interests of the child.
Curriculum should be interdisciplinary connecting multiple subjects. Students would pursue their interests to acquire and apply knowledge.
Teachers would deliver the background content. Students would work in groups collaborating and conversing for projects or presentations.
Schools should teach students to be problem-solvers by thinking for themselves instead of being taught “what to think”.
1859 ~ 1952
John & Alice Dewey
In 1929 he retired from Columbia University after serving there 24 years. He traveled extensively around the world lecturing as a philosopher, social and political theorist, and educational consultant.
Mr. Dewey passed away on June 1, 1952 in New York City.
Daily instruction consisted of rigid regimentation.
Students recited either orally in writing what was taught
Progressive Theory of Education