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Bottled Water vs. Tap Water

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by

Keeley Rideout

on 11 May 2011

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Transcript of Bottled Water vs. Tap Water

Bottled Water vs. Tap Water Pros: Cons: Pros: Cons: Occasionally tap water is contaminated, contaminants include:
Cryptosporidium
Nitrates
Lead
Mercury
Microorganisms from human & animal fecal matter
People at risk of contaminated tap water:
Pregnant women
Children
Elderly
People with weak immune systems Study done by the nonprofit Environmental Working Group found:
260 contaminants in public water supply
141 of these contaminants are unregulated chemicals with no safety
standards or methods of removal Hormones:
U.S. sewage-treatment plant contained excreted aspirin, caffeine and nicotine
EPA Scientists are concerned that many of these drugs will be endocrine disrupters for humans
Release of pharmaceuticals into tap water may result in disease-causing bacteria
Consumers believe bottled water is better tasting, cleaner, and convenient

Easy transportation
Provides safe water in times of disaster or where tap water cannot be provided
Environmental Impacts:
TRANSPORTATION for one bottle of water from its location of origin requires 2,000 times the amount of energy consumed in filing a glass from the tap
CONSUMPTION: for every liter of water that goes into a bottle, two liters are used to make the plastic for the bottle and to bottle the water
It takes 15 million barrels of oil per year to make all of the plastic water bottles in America
POLLUTION: On average 76% of water bottles end up in landfills
DAMAGE: sink holes/ aquifer depletion. Extracting too fast.
Regulations:
The US-FDA does not require bottled water to be monitored for parasites
The US-FDA has allowable contaminant level goals to reduce levels of arsenic, lead and nitrates, but breached levels of these contaminants does not initiate a recall of the product
Despite public perception of water cleanliness, large industrial companies have considerable leeway with production and advertising, allowing them to exaggerate the quality of their products

Tap water is better for the environment!
~ 40% of Tap water is bottled water
Tap water costs between 1,900 and 4,000 times less than bottled water
To fill 1 bottle of water costs $0.00079
Regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The EPA has Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs)


References:
Anonymous. 2006. Water is the deal? Corporate Knights: Water and Pollution Issue. 5.2: 46.Blaurock-Busch E. 2009. Bottled water: better than tap? Original Internist 16.3: 69-74.Boyles S. 2008. Bottled water: faq on safety and purity. WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/news/20081107/bottled-water-faq-on-safety-and-purity. 5 April 2011. Brown, Jordana. 2008. Water pressure. Vegetarian Times. 358: 29-31.Carlson, Scott. 2010. Thinking outside the Bottle. Chronicle of Higher Education. 57.6:A1 A12. Cormier, Zoe. 2008. Message in a Bottle. New Internationalist. 415: 10-12.Dupont D, Adamowicz W L, Krupnick A. 2010. Differences in water consumption choices in Canada: the role of socio demographics, experiences, and perceptions of health risks. Journal of Water & Health. Environmental Protection Agency. 2010. Statistics on the management of used and end-of-life electronics. Environmental ProtectionAgency. http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/manage.htm. 6 April 2011.Food and Water Watch. 2010. Bluewashing: why the bottled water industry’s ecofriendly claims don’t hold water. Knopper M. 2008. Bottled water BACKLASH. The Environmental Magazine 3:36-9.[IBWA] International Bottled Water Association. 2010. Bottled water industry provides assistance to haitian relief efforts. www.bottledwater.org. 17 April 2011.Online Education. 2011. The facts about bottled water. http://www.onlineeducation.net/bottled_water. Parag Y., Roberts J.T. 2009. A Battle Against the Bottles: Building, Claiming, and Regaining Tap-Water Trustworthiness. Society & Natural Resources. 22.7:625-36.U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2009. FDA Safety and Consumer Protections Are Often Less Stringent than Comparable EPA Protections for Tap Water. GAO: 51 p.WebMD. 2010. Drinking Water Quality: What You Need to Know. WebMD.comWeeks, Jennifer. 2010. Battling the Bottle. CQ Researcher. 20.23:544Welland D. 2007. Tapping the truth about bottled water versus what flows from the faucet. Environmental Nutrition 1: 1-6.
By: Amy Gex, Keeley Rideout, Simone Franklin, Hillary Van Beek
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