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Matter

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Eugene Nam

on 28 October 2016

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Transcript of Matter

The Three States of Matter
By Eugene Nam

3 States of Matter
What is matter?
Matter is...
-anything that has mass and takes up space.
-made up of tiny particles like atoms+molecules+ions.

The three states of matter are...
- Solid
- Liquid
- Gas
Liquid
Solid
- The state of matter of a substance that has a
definite shape and volume
.
- Has
high density
.
-
Cannot flow
.
- It is
not compressible
because the molecules are arranged
tightly
together in a
regular pattern
so there are only little spaces in between.
- Solid
crystals have flat faces, straight edges, and sharp points

(
has a particular shape
).

ex) ice, rock, paper, etc.

Gas
- The state of matter of a substance that has a
definite volume
, but
no definite shape
.
- Has
less density than solid
.
- Can
flow
.
- It is
not compressible
because the molecules are
slightly separated than solid
in a a little
disorderly pattern
but still only has little space in between.
- Has
no particular shape
but is shaped by the container it is occupied with.
ex) water, juice, etc.
- The state of matter of a substance that has
neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.
- Has
very low density.
- Can
flow.
- It is
highly compressible
because the molecules are
so apart from each other
in an
random arrangement
that it gives a lot of space in between.
- Has
no definite shape
but fills the container completely by the shape of it.

ex)oxygen, carbon dioxide, etc.
Kinetic Theory
Kinetic theory is...
the
explanation about the differences of solid, liquid, and gas
in terms of the
movement & the arrangement
of the particles .

-> all matter contains lots of tiny
particles
-> the particles are always
constantly and randomly in motion
->
Differ
in
arrangement
, how
strongly the particles are held
together, and the amount of
*
kinetic energy
that they possess.

*
Kinetic energy
of a particle
increases with temperature and pressure
, the
higher
the temperature and pressure rises, the
faster the particles move
. At fixed temperature, lighter particles move faster than heavier particles.
http://www.google.co.kr/imgres?imgurl=&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fmyweb.cwpost.liu.edu%2Fvdivener%2Fnotes%2Fsolid-liquid-gas.htm&h=0&w=0&sz=1&tbnid=x5rCfzmlU_JusM&tbnh=290&tbnw=174&zoom=1&docid=ke0-VRxRz3R9nM&hl=en&ei=rxFlUuCUDaqKiQeh4oHgCw&ved=0CAEQsCU
http://science.jrank.org/kids/pages/118/Particle-Theory.html
particles in solid
http://science.jrank.org/kids/pages/118/Particle-Theory.html
particles in liquid
http://science.jrank.org/kids/pages/118/Particle-Theory.html ,
particles in gas
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081204093041.htm
Video about :
3 States of Matter
Changes of the Particles
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/hillpark/Departments/Science/Watts/SNC1D/Assigned_Work/class_summary_snc1d_-_fall_2009.html
Video about :
Newtonian Fluid
Non-Newtonian Fluid
http://io9.com/5715076/non+newtonian-fluids-the-weirdest-liquids-youve-ever-seen
A Non-Newtonian Fluid is a thickening-
liquid that is also solid.

*The
harder they're hit, the stronger
they become. When sudden
force is applied, they turn solid
from liquid.
Three different states of matter are made up of the same material.
Venn Diagram
of
Solid, LIquid, Gas

Solid
The Similarities Between Solid & Gas
The Similarities Between Solid & Liquid
Similarities
of
3 STATES OF MATTER

states of matter
virbrates
mass & volume
kinetic energy
is made up of particles
space between the particles
particles are always moving
The Similarities Between Liquid & Gas
Gas
Liquid

Solid
- particles
vibrate only in fixed positions
- the
vibration of the particles increases with the temperature
- degree to which the particles move is determined by the amount of kinetic energy and relationship to other particles
- has the
least energy
of the three states of matter
- the particles have
strong and balanced forces
between each other that hold them in fixed positions ( attracting & repelling

on another)
-
when heated,
the seperation between the particles
slightly increases
so the solid expands
solid particles
Liquid
- particles
vibrate
and
move/slide past one another
- has
more kinetic energy than solid but less than gas
- has
strong forces
but weaker than solid, stronger than gas
- particles
moves vigorously
and
expands only to a slight extent
liquid particles
Gas
- particles are arranged
far apart in random
movement at
high speed,

colliding
with one another and the walls of the container
- the
forces act only at the moments of collision
- they
vibrate
and
move anywhere
- has the
most kinetic energy
than the other states of matter
- has
no force
at all
gas particles
The state of matter of a substance that has a
definite volume
.
- Has
high density
.
-
Cannot flow
.
- It is
not compressible
because the molecules are arranged
tightly

together in a

regular pattern
so there are only little spaces in between.
- Solid crystals have flat faces, straight edges, and sharp points

(
has a particular shape
).
- definite volume
- little spaces between the particles
- cannot be compressed
- Has
no definite shape, but definite volume
.
-
less dense than solid
.
- Can
flow
.
- It is
not compressible
because the molecules are
slightly separated than solid
in a a little

disorderly pattern
but still only has little space in between.
- Has
no particular shape
but is shaped by the container it is occupied with.

- can
flow
- has
disorderly pattern
of particles
-
no particular shape
but shaped by the container by filling
- The state of matter of a substance that has
neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.
- Has
very low density.
- Can
flow.
- It is
highly compressible
because the molecules are
so apart from each other
in an
random arrangement
that it gives a lot of space in between.
- Has
no definite shape
but fills the container completely by the shape of it.

Citation :
"Particle Theory - Properties of Solids, Liquids, and Gases, Solids, Liquids, Gases." - Particles, Diagram, Atoms, and Close. Netindustries, n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2013. <http://science.jrank.org/kids/pages/118/Particle-Theory.html>.
Sofian, Shafie. "Kinetic Model Of Matter." Kinetic Model Of Matter. Slideshare, 24 July 2007. Web. 23 Oct. 2013. <http://www.slideshare.net/shafie_sofian/kinetic-model-of-matter-81877>.
"Google À̹ÌÁö." Google À̹ÌÁö. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2013. <http://www.google.co.kr/imgres?imgurl=>.
"Non-Newtonian Fluids: For When You Want a Liquid That's Also a Solid." Io9. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2013. <http://io9.com/5715076/non newtonian-fluids-the-weirdest-liquids-youve-ever-seen>.
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