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Comparing the Ottoman Empire, Mughal Empire and Safavid Empi
Transcript of Comparing the Ottoman Empire, Mughal Empire and Safavid Empi
The Ottoman legal system accepted the religious law over its subjects. The Ottoman system had three court systems, one for Muslims, one for non-Muslims, involving appointed Jews and Christians ruling over their respective religious communitie. The first military unit of the Ottoman State was an army that was organized by Osman I from the tribesmen inhabiting the hills of western Anatolia in the late 13th century.
In the Ottoman imperial system, even though there existed an hegemonic power of Muslim control over the non-Muslim populations, non-Muslim communities had been granted state recognition and protection in the Islamic tradition. In the Ottoman Empire, in accordance with the Muslim dhimmi system, Christians were given limited freedom, but were treated as second-class citizens.
The Mughal Empire was a powerful Islamic Empire ruling in a country with a large Hindu majority. It consolidated Islam in South Asia, and spread Muslim arts and culture as well as the faith.
Through warfare and diplomacy, Akbar was able to extend the empire in all directions and controlled almost the entire Indian subcontinent north of the Godavari river. He created a new class of nobility loyal to him from the military aristocracy of India's social groups, implemented a modern government, and supported cultural developments.
(Political Structure and Religion)
The Safavid Empire, which today is known as Iran. The state religion was Shi'a Islam. All other religions, and forms of Islam were not excepted.
The Empire's economic strength came from its location on the trade routes. The prime minister had all and was on top of all power.