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The Great Canadian Creative Ecozone Journey

The Mixedwood Plains VS The Atlantic Maritimes

Kishara Ranjith

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of The Great Canadian Creative Ecozone Journey

The Great Canadian Creative
Ecozone Journey Hi my name is Kishara Ranjith and I will be your travel guide for today's journey. We will be traveling from the Mixedwood Plains to the Atlantic Maritimes The provinces that we will be going to are Ontario,Quebec,New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The destinations we will be stopping at: Niagara Falls, Ontario Canada
Bluffers Park, Toronto, Ontario
Parc Jean-Drapeau Montreal Quebec
Reversing Falls, St John’s New Brunswick
Chocolate Lake Beach, Halifax, Nova Scotia
Kejimkujik National Park,Nova Scotia Niagara Falls,Ontario Canada Bluffers Park, Toronto, Ontario Parc Jean-Drapeau Gilles-Villeneuve, Montreal Quebec Reversing Falls, St John’s New Brunswick Chocolate Lake Beach, Halifax, Nova Scotia Kejimkujik National Park Nova Scotia Our journey begins in the Mixedwood Plains Why start in the Smallest Ecozone? Well that's
because it's the MOST POPULATED! As the smallest Ecozone in Canada, it only covers 9% of Canada but more than 60% of Canadians live here. In order to have so many people live in such a small area, there needs to be "proper" land for the people to live on. Therefore most of the land found here is relatively flat for people to live on.The Mixedwood Plains Ecozone was buried under more than a kilometer of ice. The Mixedwood Plains extends along the Quebec City-Windsor corridor, including the densely-populated region of southern Ontario. Location Landforms Get to know the SOIL Different eco zones have different types of soil, but they all have the same factors affecting soil. As you travel to the mixedwood plains try to study the type of soil we have; weather it is dry, moist, or average soil. If you want to know more in depth about the soil here keep on reading. The Mixedwood plains contain Canada’s most productive and fertile soils.The Mixedwood Plains region contains great farming soil to support agriculture, along with warm climate, the Mixedwood Plains contain over 50% of the Canada's best agriculture.Since the Mixedwood Plains has a wet climate and plenty of precipitation, the soil is mostly leached. Leached soil means that the soil has been exposed to too much water and the nutrients have sunken deep into the ground so that the roots of the plant cannot reach them. At the same time, the mixedwood Plains has soil that is fertile for farming. This is a diagram of leached soil While your exploring our beautiful city, look at our natural features like plants, soil etc. All those features are part of our natural vegetation. Isn't it fascinating to see how different our city is compared to others. Let me ask you this, don't you ever wonder maybe what type of natural vegetation region we live in.. hmmm? Well don't worry you'll find out if you keep on reading. This picture shows the flat land of the Mixedwood Plains. The Mixedwood Plains once contained vast forests, but due to urban development, many of the original forests have been wiped, and 90% of the wetlands have also disappeared. Although the original forests have been wiped, we know that they were once covered with Coniferous trees like red pine, white pine, and hemlocks, but were mixed with deciduous trees like sugar maple, red oak, and white elm. some of the trees are still here and survived and are now more than 150 years old.Still, there are a variety of different plants found in the Mixedwood plains right now. This happens because the soil and the weather are suitable for these types of plants. The mixed wood ecozone is near large bodies of water- the Great Lakes. Warm air coming form the Gulf of Mexico creates a relatively mild atmosphere for the plants. Regions in the mixed wood plains receive a lot of amounts of rainfall annually. Conditions vary in different places in the mixed wood plain but these varying conditions also create diversity in these Canadian plants. Different trees could be found in southern part of the Mixedwood plains. Apart from the trees, there are also several types of fauna and wildflowers in the Mixedwood plains. The remaining wetlands in the Mixedwood plains are where you can find several types of exotic plants. Clovers, golden rod’s, and wild raspberry are some common wild flowers found in the Mixedwood plains. There are so many wonderful natural vegetation that this ecozone has to offer and it's great learning about them! Natural Vegetation Coniferous trees Wild raspberry Goldenrod flowers white pine tree Before you head out into the city don't you want to know the climate is like so you can at least dress appropriate for the weather? Well we can help you out by showing you what the climate is like here in the mixed wood plains Climate The Mixedwood plains have relatively warm summers and cool winters. It also has a mild climate and abundant rainfall. This moderation in weather is caused by the surrounding bodies of water (the Great Lakes) because based on the factors affecting climate, bodies of water around a area would make sure temperatures don't have as much range in between the cold and the hot. The Mixedwood plains also has slightly more precipitation.The factors that affect the Mixedwood Plains ecozone are latitude and its nearness to water. Latitude affects this region due to the location of this ecozone (north of the equator), the suns energy is spread over a larger area. Therefore, we have our 4 seasons and summers that are not extremely hot. The Mixedwood plains is located in the interior so it has a tropical continental climate. However, due to its nearness to the great lakes, the precipitation increases so the climate can be referred to as modified continental. The precipitation increases because the winds pick up the moisture from the great lakes. Are you curious about the type of water whether it is our drinking water, beach water if your going for a swim, or just our water system? Here are all the facts you need to know about our fresh water supply in the mixedwood plains Water This ecozone provides clean and safe drinking water. Automatic analyzers continuously provide data about the city’s water quality. Water quality is tested from the raw water that enters our treatment plants, through production and distribution, and at customers’ taps. When you turn on your tap for a glass of cold, clean water, be assured that you can do so with complete confidence.
How is lake water turned into drinking water?
Lake Ontario is the city’s only source of drinking water. The City takes raw water from the lake, then filters, cleans and treats it into safe potable water. This water is pumped through the distribution system to residential homes and businesses. The 5 Great Lakes There are a variety of wildlife here. As you travel around the city try to visit natural destinations to see all the animals and plants living there A large amount of animals are found in the Mixedwood plains. Wildlife in this region varies from chipmunks, squirrels and raccoons to black bears, and deer. In total, there are more than hundreds of species of birds, fish, reptiles, and mammals in the Mixedwood plains. The Mixed-wood plains are home to several different species of wildlife. Common mammals and insects living on forests and grasslands include the monarch butterfly, eastern Cottontail, grey and black squirrels, groundhogs, opossum, otter, beaver, raccoon, red fox, and woodchuck. The largest carnivores in the ecozone are the black bear, wolf and bobcat, while the largest herbivores are the moose and white-tailed deer.There are also many birds in this ecozone such as red-shouldered hawk, cooper's hawk, broad-winged hawk, northern goshawk,ruby-throated hummingbird,Henslow’s sparrow, purple finch, cardinal, blue jay, and many more.Also many species of reptiles and amphibians are found here. The frogs and toads that live in the Mixedwood Plains include the striped chorus frog,northern leopard frog, wood frog,bullfrog, and many more! These are just some of the wildlife found in the mixedwood plains but there are still more that you can enjoy looking at when you vist in the mixedwood plains. Wildlife These are pictures of some animals you might be able to spot in this ecozone. Human Usages Half of Canada's population lives here, and it contains the country's two largest cities, Toronto and Montreal.The population density made us have some of the highest pollution in our country.Large amounts of agricultural and natural wetlands were lost in order to create land for urbanization.The burning of fossil fuels is the single largest cause of air pollution and climate change. Some of the famous landmarks Mixedwood plains continue to improve and promote its economy but nothing new was recently constructed. The humans have an impact when building new things because it could effect the environment in this area such as cutting down trees to make new houses. Since this ecozone is in an urban area and not a rural area, we have more buildings, road ways, traffic lights, and attractions, so we tend to use more electricity etc. Our first Stop is Niagara Falls,Ontario Canada As your tour guide I have to show you Niagara Falls first because it a very famous water fall located in The border of Ontario, Canada & New York, U.S.A, but of course since we are in the mixedwood plains we will be going to the horseshoe falls located in Ontario Canada. There are three different falls in the Niagara Falls from largest they are horseshoe falls or the Canadian falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls.The Falls at Niagara are about 12,000 years old.The Niagara River flows at approximately 35 miles/hour.The Niagara Falls is a both daytime and evening attraction so there are many tourists visiting there but mostly in the summer.From the Canadian side, floodlights illuminate both sides of the falls for several hours after it is dark. When the lights are shown on the falls it look even more beautiful then how it already is.The oldest and best known tourist attraction at Niagara Falls is the Maid of the Mist boat cruise. Our Second Stop is Bluffer's Park Toronto,Ontario Bluffer’s Park has a long, sandy beach, picnic areas, walks, and lookouts. It is located beneath the Scarborough Bluffs, a 5000 year-old escarpment formed by the erosion of packed clay. Our Journey ends in the Atlantic Maritimes Landforms Location The Atlantic Maritimes has the provinces Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island along with the Gaspé and southeastern regions of Quebec. The Atlantic Maritime ecozone consists of two major regions, the Appalachians which are hilly with poor soils, and the coastal plains which have much richer soil. This ecozone has a mix of igneous and sedimentary bedrock.The Atlantic Maritimes is part of the Appalachian Mountains region.The Appalachian Mountains were formed about 300 million years ago. Sedimentary rock was uplifted and folded when North America collided with the other countries to form Pangaea. The land has rolling hills which used to be sharp jagged mountains. Soil The soil of the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone is a leached wet-climate soil. This is a result of heavy rainfall which moves nutrients from the A soil layer to the B soil layer in a process known as leaching. Since the Atlantic maritimes consist of two regions it has two different types of soil. Appalachians which are hilly with poor soils, and the coastal plains which have much richer soil. The coastal plains are near the coasts of the the island.In the Maritimes the soil is full of all sorts of dead leaves, plants and is very moist. This is because the high levels of precipitation and humidity causes plants and other plant material to break down quickly which helps enrich the soil. This is good for trees and other plants to grow which make forestry and farming one of this regions rich natural resources.
Natural Vegetation Little old growth forest remains in this ecozone after centuries of farming and agriculture. In the Maritimes the natural resources and climate depend very much on the landform. The rain and humidity makes the soil rich and good for trees to grow in. Since the region is surrounded by water one of the main natural resources is fish.Atlantic maritime has the highest percentage of forested goods from privately owned land in all of Canada. The coniferous trees that are found here are red spruce, black spruce, white spruce and more.The deciduous trees here include yellow birch, white birch, paper birch and many more. Some plants found in the Atlantic Maritimes includes violets, wild lupins, starflower, trailing arbutus, lady slipper, and more.

Climate This ecozones climate is strongly influence by the Atlantic Ocean, which produces cooler summers and warmer winters. With coastal areas having slightly warmer winters and cooler summers than inland. The Atlantic also provides moisture to the region, producing mean precipitation of 900mm a year inland and over 1500mm a year on the coast; this high precipitation also means that the region has more storms than anywhere else in the country. The month of highest temperature is July and the month of lowest temperature is January. The average temperature in 9 degrees Celsius. Climate Graph of Halifax Nova Scotia Water The Atlantic Maritimes is located near a large body of water called the Atlantic Ocean. The people who live in this ecozone will depend on this ocean water because it is the closets to them. They can use this water not only for drinking but for catching their food such as fish,lobster and other seafood. So the coast lines are really lucky to have this ocan for many purposes. Atlantic Ocean Wildlife Much like the mixedwood plains this ecozone has many of the same animals but not all the same some of the animals are different.The only large carnivores found here are the black bear, lynx, and bobcat. The most common large herbivores are the whitetail deer and moose. Small carnivores in the area include red fox, muskrat, raccoon, striped skunk, and more. Many small herbivores, include the eastern chipmunk, beaver, porcupine and more. Some birds include northern saw-whet owl, short-eared owl, and long-eared owl, ruby-throated hummingbird, cedar waxwing, whip-poor-will, purple finch, and more. Frogs and toads of the region are the American toad, northern leopard frog, mink frog, green frog, pickerel frog, wood frog and more. These animals are what makes this region have a beautiful natural place to live in. Human Usages In this ecozone a lot of mining is done due to the rich with oil and nutrients supplies. There is alos a lot of destroying in the forestry because of the mining you nee to cut done trees in order to find the mining spots. Pollution can occur because of the mining, burning of fossil fuels too and so if there is pollution it is not good for the environment and the water can also be polluted too. Average Temperature: 27 degrees Celsius
Month of highest Temperature: July
Month of lowest Temperature: January
Total Annual Precipitation: 720-1000 mm. Our Journey has now ended i hopped you had fun learning about the two ecozones and looking at the different hotspots. Bye and i hope you visit again. Our third stop is Parc Jean-Drapeau Montreal, Quebec Parc Jean-Drapeau is one of the most visible parks in the Montreal area.A unique mix of green space, architecture and history, Parc Jean-Drapeau is a cherished four-season park and is Montreal’s most visited park for good reason.When visiting there in the summer you can relax on it wonderful beach. Our fourth stop is the Reversing Falls, St John’s New Brunswick The Reversing Falls are a series of rapids on the Saint John River located in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada, where the river runs through a narrow gorge before emptying into the Bay of Fundy.Reversing Falls is caused by the tremendous rise and fall of the tides of the Bay of Fundy, which are the highest in the world. When the high tide comes in it pushes the water down into the drop causing the whirl and rapid effect Our fifth stop is Chocolate Lake Beach, Halifax, Nova Scotia This place is a wonderful beach and the water overlooks the other side of Halifax where there are some really nice houses and the water looks great.The sand in this beach is beautiful and there are many rocks and the water in this beach is crystal clear. Many people love going swimming here. Our last stop is the Kejimkujik National Park, Nova Scotia Nature is at its best in Kejimkujik National Park. There are many fun activites to do here such as camping, conoeing and go swimming in the kejimkujik lake. You can also go hiking. Camping can provide excellent wildlife viewing opportunities. Black bears are most commonly seen in this national park.Rivers in the park include the: Mersey River, West River,Little River, Shelburne River
Route Map Of mixed wood plains to Atlantic Maritimes Scale in Unknown Starting and ending location Map Scale unknown Works cited
"The Mixedwood Plains Ecozone." The Mixedwood Plains Ecozone. Web. 08 Apr. 2013. <http://mixedplains.tripod.com/soils.html>.
News, CBC. "Canada's 44 National Parks." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 22 Aug. 2012. Web. 08 Apr. 2013. <http://www.cbc.ca/news/interactives/map-canada-parks/>.
"Canadian Biodiversity: Ecozones: Mixedwood Plains." Canadian Biodiversity: Ecozones: Mixedwood Plains. Web. 08 Apr. 2013. <http://canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca/english/ecozones/mixedwoodplains/mixedwoodplains.htm>.
"Explore by Themes." The Canadian Atlas Online. Web. 08 Apr. 2013. <http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas/themes.aspx?id=mixedwood>.
"Wildlife." CGC1D1 Units 7/8: ECOZONE. Web. 08 Apr. 2013. <http://mwood.awardspace.com/wildlife.php>.
Niagara Falls." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 04 Aug. 2013. Web. 08 Apr. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niagara_Falls>.
"Scribble Maps - Create Custom Google Maps with Scribblings and More!" Scribble Maps - Create Custom Google Maps with Scribblings and More! Web. 08 Apr. 2013. <http://www.scribblemaps.com/create/>.
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