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Public School Reform 1800's

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Liliana Paez

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of Public School Reform 1800's

The Public School Reform of the 1800's Before the industrial revolution began middle class families taught their children at home.
During the industrial revolution, families were not able to teach children at home. Private schools were the only places children could attend. During the industrial revolution... the literacy rate would increase due to children getting an education
everyone can attend school regardless of financial class
parents don't need to worry about cost because it is covered by the state
the nation's children would become active citizens of the community Advantages of the Public School Reform: the typical American school was a one room schoolhouse
students ranged from ages three to 20 and older
they sat on benches and learned to read and count
only spent a few months in school each year
teachers were recent college graduates that took teaching jobs just to tide them over until they began their professions
harsh discipline and primitive conditions Early 1800's The goal of the public school reform is to prepare students for an increasingly competitive economy. GOAL of the Public School Reform Before the industrial revolution... Rich families had the opportunity to receive education.
Urban middle class families had to work in the farms because it was the family's responsibility to maintain great crops.
Poor families had to search for food all day and try to find jobs. first secretary of the Massachusetts board of education, created in 1873
wants to shift burden of financial support from parents to the state
extend school term to up to 10 months out of the year
make school the bulk of children's day
standardize textbooks
require attendance and punctuality
divide children into grades based on age and achievements Horrace Mann's Role people with no children believed that their tax money could be used differently
enslaved African Americans were prohibited from attending school Problems with the public school reform
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