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PALM ISLAND: JUMEIRAH
Transcript of PALM ISLAND: JUMEIRAH
Design Concept & Purpose
Location: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Developer: Nakheel Properties
Contractor: Jan De Nul and Van Oord
One of the world smallest But wealthiest countries
Palm Jumeirah : 4 km x 5 km
Palm Jebel Ali : 6 km x 7 km
Palm Deira : 8o Square Km = London & Paris
Map of Dubai showing the location of three palm islands
A main trunk
Hotels, apartments, condos, villas, shopping mall, and other commercial properties
A means of providing Dubai with more development space
On March 2004 after 2.5 years Palm Jumeirah was ready for construction
Scott Hutchinson ( Apartment Construction engineering from Turner Construction International)
When the island is completed, Nakheel expects 120,000 residents and workers plus as many as 20,000 tourists a day.
Creating a 1.6 kilometer stretch to carry
8,000 villa and apartments complexes,
220 shopping malls,
Water Theme parks,
Health spas, and 36 stories palm tower
Developing the six-lane Sub-Sea Tunnel connects Palm Jumeirah to the mainland
Obstacles Faced in Construction
Installation of the infrastructure
Water supplies to the buildings
Managing 850 buses carrying 40,000 Asian works in and out of work site in two 12 hour shifts
Health concerns of workers
Managing the warehouse ex. Millions of tons of metal being brought in for constructions
Coordinating 51 different contractors
Methods used to overcome the challenges
Constructions workers lived on the fronds and in anchored cruise ships while building the island.
Outsourcing labor from other countries which had lowers wage rates
Increasing the number of machinery used as the project was left behind schedule.
The material used for the building was brought to the site on the exact right time of need.
Direct impact from dredging and land reclamation on:
2009 - a geological survey showed the island was slowly sinking.
Nakheel stated that the island was expected to settle 25 mm over the course of 100 years.
The engineers were concerned about sea level, which may rise of 50 cm. due to climate change.
A): Predicted Shoreline evolution after 20 years without the Palm Jumeirah
B): Predicted shoreline evolution after 20 years with the Palm Jumeirah
Indirect impact on:
Protecting coastal regions from storms
preventing coastal erosion
They created artificial reefs by sinking objects onto the sea floor
The Three Palm Islands of Dubai
The Project Time Line of Palm Jumeirah is shown below:
As of 2011, the Palm Jumeirah project is nearly completed, there are some key features and timeline compared with early stages plan as below:
The Burj Al Arab
The crown prince Sheikh Muhammad Bin Rasheed Al Maktoum
Creation of the Breakwater
The construction was expected to be completed in 2 years
Created 3 meters above the waves, 11.5 km. long, and 200 meters wide
Rocks: 16 quarries-5.5 million cubic meters was needed
: a 7.4 meter layer of sand, a layer of rubble that was 4 meters above the sea, and large 6 ton boulders.
Creation of the Palm
90 million cubic meters of sand was needed
Dredging By Van Oord Company
3 layers of Breakwater Palm Jumeirah
- a problem is uncovered- Stagnant water
- the break water was completed
- Phase 1 of the palm island is completed.
Palm Jumeirah Development Satellite Images
Stagnant Water - Circulation
Two 100 meter openings were created in the breakwater
Sand will compact itself over time
15 Machines-made 2000 holes in the sand using probes that stabilizing the sand.