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Transcript of TEXTURE-Scratchboard
feel or appearance
of a surface or a substance, either visual or tactile
is a technique where the artist scratches
away the ink to reveal a color underneath, usually white. It is a great way to understand the importance of
Scratchboard is a relatively new art process, but it's roots go back as far as Cro-Magnon man. Some of humankind's earliest endeavors involved scratching pictures into
rock or bone
; more recent developments are etching, wood engraving, and scratchboard.
Scrimshaw and stone examples dating from 3200 BC
is the name given to scrollwork, engravings, and carvings done in
bone or ivory
Primarily created by sailors in the late
using materials readily available on the sea: whale bone/teeth, walrus tusk, etc. in their spare time.
Scratchboard is all about scratching the surface....literally!
Scratchboard illustrations are often mistaken for woodcuts.
While the end results are similar, scratchboard work requires much less time.
Scratchboard is best known for its small scale and fine lines.
Drawing Realistic Textures
For this project, we will look at the direction of lines found in animal fur
we scratch influences our artwork.
Lines in different directions add interest and help show Form, or the illusion that an object is 3D. Look at how the artist’s use of Line affects the image.
Successful scratchboards use value (lightness and darkness) to create form and texture.
* You will practice drawing:
1. actual textures using frottage
2. simulated textures
3. invented textures
But How Does it Work?
a method of
a design into a material with a sharp tool using the
*the process of "
*the top layer is scratched away to reveal the white of the board below
surface quality of a work of art (how something feels)
three-dimensional geometrical figure
the lightness and darkness of a surface.
Objectives of this project: Create a full range of value in artwork through the creation of a scratchboard etching.
Types of Texture
Refers to the
of a work. (c
an be felt with the fingers
of a real texture (
cannot be felt
similar to hatching, except with the addition of
a row of lines, all facing in the
. More dense and concentrated in the areas that appear darker
by the artist (does not imitate real textures)
Relating to the sense of
Other Types of Texture
Design created by
pencil over thin paper placed upon objects
parts of a surface
Surface texture of a paper
History of Scratchboard
Types of Lines Used
ELEMENTS OF ART USED
Focusing on line direction, use your pencil to imitate the direction of the fur and eye texture
notice the range of value used in each example
Scratchboard Value Scale
Create a value scale, using gradual chqnge on scratchboard
White charcoal animal drawings