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TEXTURE-Scratchboard

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by

Michelle Delanty

on 12 August 2016

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Transcript of TEXTURE-Scratchboard

Texture
- the
feel or appearance
of a surface or a substance, either visual or tactile

Scratchboard
is a technique where the artist scratches
away the ink to reveal a color underneath, usually white. It is a great way to understand the importance of
highlights
in artwork.
Scratchboard is a relatively new art process, but it's roots go back as far as Cro-Magnon man. Some of humankind's earliest endeavors involved scratching pictures into
rock or bone
; more recent developments are etching, wood engraving, and scratchboard.
Scrimshaw and stone examples dating from 3200 BC

Scrimshaw
is the name given to scrollwork, engravings, and carvings done in
bone or ivory
.
Primarily created by sailors in the late
1700s-1800s
using materials readily available on the sea: whale bone/teeth, walrus tusk, etc. in their spare time.
Scratchboard is all about scratching the surface....literally!
Scratchboard illustrations are often mistaken for woodcuts.
While the end results are similar, scratchboard work requires much less time.
Scratchboard is best known for its small scale and fine lines.
Class Exercise
Drawing Realistic Textures
For this project, we will look at the direction of lines found in animal fur
The
way
we scratch influences our artwork.

Lines in different directions add interest and help show Form, or the illusion that an object is 3D. Look at how the artist’s use of Line affects the image.
Cross-Hatching

Hatching
Successful scratchboards use value (lightness and darkness) to create form and texture.
* You will practice drawing:
1. actual textures using frottage
2. simulated textures
3. invented textures

But How Does it Work?
Engraving:
a method of
cutting
a design into a material with a sharp tool using the
hatching/cross-hatching
method
*the process of "
reverse drawing
"
*the top layer is scratched away to reveal the white of the board below
TEXTURE
FORM
VALUE
surface quality of a work of art (how something feels)
three-dimensional geometrical figure
the lightness and darkness of a surface.
Objectives of this project: Create a full range of value in artwork through the creation of a scratchboard etching.
STUDENT EXAMPLES
Types of Texture
Actual
-

Refers to the
surface
of a work. (c
an be felt with the fingers
-ex: smooth/rough)

Simulated
-
the artist's
imitation
of a real texture (
cannot be felt
)
similar to hatching, except with the addition of
criss-crossing lines
a row of lines, all facing in the
same direction
. More dense and concentrated in the areas that appear darker
Invented-

made up
by the artist (does not imitate real textures)
Tactile
-
Relating to the sense of
touch

Other Types of Texture
Frottage
-

Design created by
rubbing
pencil over thin paper placed upon objects

Relief
-

Raised
parts of a surface

Tooth
-

Surface texture of a paper

Scratchboard
History of Scratchboard
Types of Lines Used
ELEMENTS OF ART USED
Line Direction
Class Exercise
FUR TEXTURE

Focusing on line direction, use your pencil to imitate the direction of the fur and eye texture
Class exercise



notice the range of value used in each example
Scratchboard Value Scale
Create a value scale, using gradual chqnge on scratchboard
Art 2
White charcoal animal drawings
Full transcript