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Poetry

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Alyssa Gervelis

on 22 January 2015

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Transcript of Poetry

So let's look
at some poetry
What is it?
Poetry that is.
So what do you think about poetry?
Poetry Response Questions
Explore, by all means, and begin again-indefinitely.
One could also say: Experiment.
Try exploit, invent, imitate, elaborate...
Then go back, analyze, pick up again, modify,
observe, and experience something new.
Attempt all the different styles: Discover words' endless possibilities, diversify your writing movements, embrace language and its sounds , give yourself rules, but also break them.
Write intelligently, humorously, sentimentally....
What do you think???
"Poetry is when emotion has found its thought and the thought has found words"- Robert Frost
yes F-U-N!!!!!!!!
1. On your paper guess what
we'll be working on next from this hint. SHHHH! Don't say it out loud, quietly write it down.
ry
+
This is what poets had to say:
"Poetry is what in a poem makes you laugh, cry, prickle, be silent, makes your toe nails twinkle..."-Dylan Thomas
Poetry at its best uses words to say more than words can say- Marvin Bell
Warm-Up
1. Get out a piece of paper
Directions:

Silently, make a list of everything you know about poetry.
Goal:To have the longest list
Write as you will
In whatever style you like
Too much blood has run under the bridge
To go on believing
That only one road is right.

In poetry everything is permitted.

With only this condition of course,
You have to improve the blank page.
Young Poets
by Nicanor Parra
I think poetry is...


1. How many lines total are in those poem?
2. What is the poem about?
3. If you had to create a title for this poem what would it be?
4. There are two metaphors in this poem, What are they? Converse with your partner.
5. There is one example of personification in this poem, find it. Converse with your partner.
5. Do you like this poem? Why or why not, explain.
"Have to know the rules before you can break them"
Free Verse Poems
this is called a palindrome poem
Lets look at the poet
Lyric
So what is a poet?
Poets arrange words in ways designed to touch readers' senses, emotions, and minds.
What is a poem?
Poems are written in lines, which may contain patterns of rhythm and rhyme. These lines may, in turn, be grouped in stanzas
History of Haiku
Form and Structure
Poems are written in
lines
, which can vary in length.

Lines are grouped in
stanzas
. These are sections of the poem separated by a space.
The man.
The legend.
The poet.
Langston Hughes
Reading Poetry
How to apply strategies:
Preview the poem- Notice the poems form: the shape that it takes on the page, the number of lines, and whether the lines are divided into stanzas. Look for end punctuation to tell you where each thought ends.
Visualize-
Hold fast to dreams
For if dreams die
Life is a broken-winged bird
That cannot fly.
Hold fast to dreams
For when dreams go
Life is a barren field
Frozen with snow.
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings
Here are some poets today that write or sing lyrics....
Example:
Cinquain
Line 1: Title (noun) - 1 word
Line 2: Description (adjectives) - 2 words
Line 3: Action (ing' verb) - 3 words
Line 4: Phrase- 4 words
Line 5: Title (synonym for the title) - 1 word
Example:
dessert
cold, creamy
eating, giggling, licking
cone with three scoops
ice cream
Cinquian


dessert
a one word title, a noun
cold, creamy
two adjectives
eating, giggling, licking
three -ing participles or verb
cone with three scoops
a phrase
ice cream
a synonym for your title, another noun
Use this organizer to write your own cinquain.
1______________________________
a one word title, a noun that tells what your poem is about
2________________, _____________
two adjectives that describe what you're writing about
3_________, ___________, _______
three -ing participles that describe what your poem is about
4______________________________
a phrase that tells more about what you're writing about
5______________________________
a synonym for your title, another noun that tells what your poem is about
Poetry is a type of literature in which ideas and feelings are expressed in compact, imaginative, and often musical language. Poets arrange words in ways designed to touch readers' senses, emotions, and minds. Poems are written in lines, which may contain patterns of rhythm and rhyme. These lines may, in turn, be grouped in stanzas
Poetry is the most compact form of literature. Using a few carefully chosen words. Poets express a range of emotions. To say so much in a few words, poets use a variety of forms, sound devices, imagery, and figurative language.
Definition of poetry

noun

literary work in which the expression of feelings and ideas is given intensity by the use of distinctive style and rhythm
An old silent pond...

A frog jumps into the pond,

splash! Silence again.
Get out a scrap piece of paper.
2. Who is this a picture of, No clue? Guess!

3. Who is the better basketball player? Team Lebron or Team Jordan, which are you.
Hint:
Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri. He published his first poem in 1921. He attended Columbia University, but left after one year to travel. His poetry was later promoted by Vachel Lindsay, and Hughes published his first book in 1926. He went on to write countless works of poetry, prose and plays, as well as a popular column for the Chicago Defender. He died on May 22, 1967.
Highlight only the important details
Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri. He published his first poem in 1921. He attended Columbia University, but left after one year to travel. His poetry was later promoted by Vachel Lindsay, and Hughes published his first book in 1926. He went on to write countless works of poetry, prose and plays, as well as a popular column for the Chicago Defender. He died on May 22, 1967.
What I don't want
Ladybugs are red,
and have black spots on their wings
Experts at flying.
example:
Fill in the seven syllable line.
Green elms in the woods
standing tall and proud
Fill in the two five syllable lines.
The petals bend to the earth
The Form
Haiku's are short, vivid poems that are used to describe the beauty of nature. The thing that makes these poems so unique is their special structure.
One stanza
A three line poem
Total of seventeen syllables
Written in a 5/7/5 syllable count.
Often focusing on images from nature
The Haiku is a traditional type of poetry that originated from Japan at the end of the 19th century. The beautiful nature of the Haiku was all started because of a man named Masaoka Shiki.
Masaoka is widely recognized for reviving the traditional Japanese poetry form. He worked to loosen the strict rules of poetry because he felt that it put restrictions on its true beauty.
Masaoka himself would often go on nature walks with his notebook to look for inspiration to write poems. This is exactly what we'll be doing later!
5
7
5
3 lines
AFTER we get a further understanding of a haiku poem.
example:
Whitecaps on the bay
A broken signboard banging
in the April wind
Find Inspiration
As a class we are going to go outside to find some inspiration to write our own haikus.
Bring a piece of paper, pencil, book, or binder tough enough to write on.
Don't have any of these things...that's o.k. Try your best to write on your paper outside.
You will be writing haikus outside.
Directions:

1. Trade your poem with a partner.
2. On your partner's poem write:
What you liked about their poem
what was your favorite line.
Any suggestions you could give your partner?
3. Edit your poem as necessary
I Love To Write Poems

I love to write
Day and night
What would my heart do
But cry, sigh and be blue
If I could not write

Writing feels good
And I know it should
Who could have knew
That what I do
Is write, write, write
First Stanza
Second Stanza
1
5
5
Total number of lines= 11
Third Stanza
whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though;
He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow.

My little horse must think it queer
To stop without a farmhouse near
Between the woods and frozen lake
The darkest evening of the year.

He gives his harness bells a shake
To ask if there is some mistake.
The only other sound's the sweep
Of easy wind and downy flake.
How many lines?
How many stanzas?
12
3
1. Make a list of everything you know about hAiku form
When making comments...
One stanza
A three line poem
Total of seventeen syllables
Written in a 5/7/5 syllable count.
Often focusing on nature
Warm-up
1. Fill in the blank:
___________: A literary work in which the expression of feelings and ideas is given intensity by the use of distinctive style and rhythm.
2.
The willow is like an etching,
Fine-lined against the sky.
Then ginkgo is like a crude sketch,
Hardly worthy to be signed.
The willow’s music is like a soprano,
Delicate and thin.
The ginkgo’s tune is like a chorus
With everyone joining in.
What is the main figurative language technique used here?
Rhyme
Rhyme is repetition of words at the ends of phrases. Words rhyme when their accented vowels and all letters that follow have identical sounds.
Internal Rhyme:
Rhyme that occurs within a line.
End Rhyme:
Rhyming words that are at the end a line.
The ship is anchor'd safe and sound, its voyage closed and
done
,
From fearful
trip
the victor
ship
comes in with object
won
...
End Rhyme
Internal Rhyme
-Rhyme within the poem
-Rhyme at the end of a line
Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of end rhyme in a poem is called rhyme scheme. The pattern is charted by assigning a letter of the alphabet, beginning with the letter a, to each line. Lines that rhyme are given the same letter
He'd have given me rolling lands,
Houses of marble, and billowing farms,
Pearls, to trickle between my hands, smoldering rubies, to circle my arms.
a
b
a
b
Try to find the Rhyme Scheme
Try to find the rhyme scheme

Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;
The rhyme scheme is
The rhyme scheme is ABAB
Other possible rhyme scheme patterns: ABBA AABB and many more
Dust of Snow
by Robert Frost

The way a
Shook down on
The dust of
From a hemlock
Has given my heart
A change of
And save some part
Of a day I had
crow
snow
me
tree
mood
rued
a
b
a
b
c
d
c
d
Warm-up
1. Make a list of everything you know about haikus and their form.
2.
What is the main figurative language technique used in the poem below?
Booming and Banging thunder in the air
Crashing and Rumbling waves against wet rock
Bombing and scraping, lighting the sky
Swishing and Sloshing rain on a windscreen
Metallic thuds on a tin roof
Swishing and Swooshing the flooding roads
Howling and Moaning, wind attacking
Wavering, Crashing and Sizzling
Power everywhere
Thudding and Banging hail on every window
Slamming and Echoing
doors in the house

example
Line 1: ____________________________________________________
Title (noun-Person, place, or thing) - 1 word

Line 2:_______________________,____________________________
Description (adjectives)- 2 words

Line 3:________________,__________________,_________________
Action ('ing verbs) - 3 words

Line 4: ___________,_____________,______________,____________
Phrase - 4 words

Line 5: ____________________________________________________
Title (synonym for the title) - 1 word
Puppy
ornery
chewing
naughty
jumping
barking

playful bundle of trouble
Banjo
2. Cinquains:
How many lines do cinquian poems have?
Very briefly, explain how each line functions.
Puppy
ornery, naughty
chewing, jumping, barking
playful bundle of trouble
Banjo
3.
Label this Cinquain poem with all its parts and everything you know about Cinquain form.
tree
tall, dark
reaching, bending, fluttering
leaves and twigs in the wind
Elm
________________________
______________________
______________________
_________________________________
Label this Haiku poem with all its parts and everything you know about haiku form.
Sun rays beaming through
the window shades barely sustain
time to start my day
Person
Place
Thing
on your own
Cinquains have five lines:
Limerick
Origin of the
The name "Limerick" comes from a group of poets who wrote in Limerick, Ireland in the 18th century.
Limerick
example:
There was an Old Man who supposed
That the street door was partially closed;
But some very large rats
Ate his coats and his hats,
While that futile Old Gentleman dozed.
-Edgar Lear
There once was a man from Peru
He dreamed he was eating a shoe
He woke with a fright
In the dead of night
And found that his dream had come true
abaab
Sound Devices
Rhythm
A poems rhythm is the pattern of sound created by stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.
Stressed syllables-
Are those word parts that are read with emphasis (/)
Unstressed syllables-
Word parts that are less emphasized (U)
Meter
Regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, which can be repeated from line to line.
Warm-up
1. How many lines are in a Cinquain?

2. Replicate the Cinquain graphic organizer below on your paper.
What Am I?

I’m bigger than the entire earth
More powerful than the sea
Though a million, billion have tried
Not one could ever stop me.
I control each person with my hand
and hold up fleets of ships.
I can make them bend to my will
with one word from my lips.
I’m the greatest power in the world
in this entire nation.
No one should ever try to stop
a child’s imagination.
3. What is the main figurative language technique used in this poem?
Line 1:
Title (noun) - 1 word

Line 2:
Description (adjectives)- 2 words

Line 3:
Action ('ing verbs) - 3 words

Line 4:
Phrase - 4 words

Line 5:
Title (synonym) - 1 word
Let's practice your rhyme skills
Make a rhyme list to the word, "Beach".
Characteristics- Loud, long, and high pitched
Characteristics- Quiet, short, and low pitched
Example
Forcefully
/ u /
stressed, unstressed, stressed
Now You Try
Find the stressed and unstressed syllables in your name.
Miss Gervelis
/ u / u
Example
Half a league, half a league,

Half a league onward,

/ u u / u /
/ u u / u
Limerick lib
Exit Slip
1. Name the three
Exit Slip
1. Name the three sound devices that produce a musical quality in a poem.
Meter, rhythm, and rhyme (three sound devices) produce a musical quality in a poem
*****
A Limerick is a five line poem with a rhyne scheme of a,a,b,b,a
Limericks are funny and full of nonsense! Yes, nonsense.
Many Limericks begin with the first line introducing a person.
Example
There was an old Man of Kilkenny,
who had never spent a penny;
he spent all the money,
in onions and honey,
that wayward old man of kilkenny.
Person
2. How many lines are in a limerick?

3. What is the rhyme scheme of a limerick?
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