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Short Story Unit: A Sound of Thunder
Transcript of Short Story Unit: A Sound of Thunder
Christopher Stokes A Sound of Thunder Historical/Cultural Context Setting of the Story Genre/Literary Works & Movements Vocabulary In the beginning of the story the group of characters are at Time Safari (an incorporation that takes men to the past to hunt dinosaurs is prominent) in the year 2055. However they travel 64 million years back to a prehistoric time with dinosaurs. The group of men are in the middle of jungle in Africa. The jungle was high and very broad, as stated in the story. They come back to the present day (future for us), still at Time Safari, however in a drastically altered life where things were the same but completely different at the same time. For example, the sign that Eckels saw at the beginning was not longer in English, the sight as the same but it was in a completely different language. Author Biography Ray Douglas Bradbury was born in Waukegan, Illinois, on August 22, 1920. As a young boy, Bradbury's life revolved around magic, magicians, circuses, and other such fantasies. His favorite time of the year was Halloween, which he celebrated with even more enthusiasm than Christmas which, in years to come, the details of his experiences served as material for his stories.His love of fantasy was encouraged by his family and this passion for creativity and twisted thinking later helped to build his career as a writer. Bradbury began his writing career in 1931 at age eleven, using butcher paper that he had to unroll as his story progressed with influences from writers and poets like Edgar Allen Poe, Robert Frost, and William Shakespeare. The following year, he and his family moved from Illinois to Arizona, and that same year, Bradbury received a toy typewriter on which he wrote his first stories. In 1934, his family moved from Arizona to Los Angeles, where his writing career began to solidify and he ended his formal education by graduating high school. From then on, he furthered his writing himself with long nights spent in the library and hours at his typewriter by day. Bradbury had said that he learned to write by recalling his own experiences. Many of his early stories are based, unsurprisingly, on his childhood experiences in Illinois.
Today, he is seen as an author, essayist, playwright, screenwriter, lecturer, poet and visionary, Ray Bradbury is known as one of America's greatest creative geniuses and best known for his novel "Fahrenheit 451". Though Ray Bradbury is most widely regarded as a science fiction writer, he did not limit himself to that genre, and also produced works of drama and psychological realism. Bradbury also wrote works of horror, fantasy, and mystery, and many of his works - particularly his short stories - rejected the supernatural entirely for themes of childhood wonder, love, nostalgia, and hope. Although he was one of the preeminent science fiction writers of his generation, he was also a noted technophobe in which he never drove a car, distrusted the internet, computers, and ATM machines. Ray Bradbury is known for his works in Scientific Fiction, drama and psychological realism. He is considered one of the highlighted geniuses of Post-Modern writing. However, due to his development of his wide array of writing forms and in never backing down from his persistently affirmative values, he began to lose touch with the development of the scientific fiction he was most associated with. Experimenting with script writing and poetry, he was not thought to be in the forefront of any particular literary movement.
Some examples of his works include:
GENRE: SCIENCE FICTION & HORROR
~The Martian Chronicles(1950)
~The Illustrated Man(1951)
GENRE: SCIENCE FICTION
~A Sound of Thunder(1952)
GENRE: DYSTOPIAN FICTION
~Fahrenheit 451(1953) Opening Questions
Yes or No? 1.If you were given opportunity to go back in time 60 million years ago and were guaranteed to come back to present time, would you? 2. Do you think time travel is possible?
If so, can a time traveler’s actions in the past impact the future?
If not, do you think our actions now impact the future – or is the future already written in stone? 3. Are actions that we humans are doing now bettering our future ? 4. Do you believe that cause and effect relationships exist in the world? If so, to what extent do they exist? If not, why do you think that? 1. Moses- Moseswas, according to the Hebrew Bible, the Qur'an, and Baha'i scripture, a religious leader, lawgiver and prophet, to whom the authorship of the Torah is traditionally attributed.
2. Taloned- predatory animals armed with claws or talons
3. Piston- solid cylinder or disk that fits snugly into a larger cylinder and moves under fluid pressure, as in a reciprocating engine, or displaces or compresses fluids, as in pumps and compressors
4. Aurora- luminous atmospheric phenomenon appearing as streamers or bands of light sometimes visible in the night sky in northern or southern regions of the earth. It is thought to be caused by charged particles from the sun entering the earth's magnetic field and stimulating molecules in the atmosphere.
5. Resilient- by the ability to recover readily, as from misfortune.
6. Dagger- A short knife with a pointed and edged blade, used as a weapon.
7. Steel mesh- generally hard, strong, durable, malleable alloy of iron and carbon, usually containing between 0.2 and 1.5 percent carbon, often with other constituents such as manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, tungsten widely used as a structural material.
8. Boulder stone- Rocks or stones
9. Tyrannosaurus- A tyrant dinosaur.
10. Glistening- Shine; glitter Discussion Questions 5. Do you believe that if changes were made to the past that it would affect the present day and future? Building Background:
A Sound of Thunder •1952 (first published in Collier’s magazine)
•1984 it was the most re-published science fiction story up to the present time.
1950’s: The United States was the world’s strongest military power. Its economy was booming, and the fruits of this prosperity–new cars, suburban houses and other consumer goods–were available to more people than ever before. However, the 1950s were also an era of great conflict. For example, the nascent civil rights movement and the crusade against communism at home and abroad exposed the underlying divisions in American society.
•Average worker earning $3,400 per year
•A college teacher could expect to earn $5,100 per year .
•Three out of 5 families owned a car
•2 out of 3 families now had a telephone
•1 in 3 homes had a television.
•The average woman in America would be married by 20 years of age looking forward to raising a family but few continued with a career after children were born
•Fast Food restaurants were growing in popularity, but the scourge of Polio hit many thousands of families ( 50,000 estimated .
•Gas cost 25 cents per gallon.
•The world’s first passenger jet, The Comet, is produced in UK signaling the start of faster and cheaper air travel in later years.
1980’s: Many Americans embraced a new conservatism in social, economic and political life during the 1980s, characterized by the policies of President Ronald Reagan. Often remembered for its materialism and consumerism, the decade also saw the rise of the “yuppie,” an explosion of blockbuster movies and the emergence of cable networks like MTV, which introduced the music video and launched the careers of many iconic artists.
"yuppie": a baby boomer with a college education, a well-paying job and expensive taste. Many people derided yuppies for being self-centered and materialistic, and surveys of young urban professionals across the country showed that they were, indeed, more concerned with making money and buying consumer goods than their parents and grandparents had been. 1.What company does Eckels visit? 2.How many years back in time did Eckels and the men travel? 3.Why are the time travelers told to "stay on the path?" 4.Why is everyone upset with Eckels? Why does Travis threaten to leave him back in Time? 5.How did stepping on the butterfly impact the future?
6.What do you think is the theme of the story? Bradbury’s lesson for us? 7.What do you think happened to influence the future? 8.What is the purpose of the red dot? 9.What do the colors in the aurora represent? 10.What did the hunters wear when they went to the past and why did they wear it? 11.What was the purpose of going back in the past? 12.Once everyone returns from their safari, what does Eckels find on the bottom of his shoe? What is the significance of this item/ what does it symbolize? 13.What is the butterfly effect? & How does it relate to the story? 14.What was different about the setting before the men left for their dinosaur safari with the setting after they returned? 15. What does the title, a sound of thunder, mean/represent? Food Web Activity Thank you for your time!!!!