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Ancient Greece

A presentation of Ancient Greece
by

Janisa Middleton

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece
Human's and the Environment
How has the changing relationship between human beings and the physical and natural environment affected human life from Ancient Greece to the present?
Human's and Ideas
Greeks believed the world and other primary beings were created by a formless being called Chaos. The other beings, including "Gaia" or the Earth, then created the 12 Titans. Two of the Titans, Rhea and Cronus, created the gods and goddesses of Earth.
To Greeks, the nature and well-being of everything on Earth was taken care of by the gods and goddesses.
In today's society, we have a more scientific method of explaining how the world and cosmos were created. Though these theories differ mainly throughout religions and/or countries, they have changed drastically since the times of Ancient Greece.
Characteristics of a civilization
How did people in Ancient Greece treat their environment, other humans, and what were their views of the world. What were the characteristics of their civilizations?
In Ancient Greece they went to war many times, including the Ionian, Trojan, Sicilian, and Persian wars. So as you can conclude much contact with civilizations outside of Greece resulted in conflict or war.
Within Greece, the society was built upon agriculture. Women, slaves, and foreigners did not have the same roles as men born in the society. Each city-state was separated into an upper and middle class of men that usually included the typical farmers, doctors, and teachers. Other than this, people were treated with somewhat of the same mutual respect.
Compared to Ancient Greece, relations between people today have become much more complex. For example, stereotyping is a huge reason why in today's society, people do not like or get along with each other. Another reason, is that society segregates people into different groups based on race, ethnicity, wealth, and religion.
Human's and other Humans
Central Governments & Law Codes
Did it influence modern democratic thought?
Highly Organized Religions
How did it unify and/or divide people?
Specialized Jobs
Social Classes
Complex Technologies
Which are the enduring legacies?
Why have relations among humans become so complex since Ancient Greece?
How have human views of the world, nature, and the cosmos changed?
Why was the population intensified in these areas, what did it lead to?
Cities
For roughly five-hundred years, writing was either not used or did not survive for there is no record of writing for a long period of time.
The greek alphabet was originally created by a middle-eastern trading civilization called the Phoenicians.
The three major dialects in Ancient Greece were Aeolic, Doric, and Ionic.
Ancient Greek literature of monumental importance and influence included the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Writing & Record-Keeping
Both
Humans In Ancient Greece
Humans Today
Instead of tearing down the landscape, they built around it.
Tear down the landscape and build on top of it.
Hope You Enjoyed!!:-)

-Aniya, Lizz, & Janisa
In modern USA, if people want to live somewhere there is always enough landscape.
In 750 B.C., the population of Greece grew rapidly and the people were forced to leave their homes in the valleys.
Both areas have fertile land that is limited.
Both overused land.
Slaves
Owned by free people.
Most were prisoners of war.
Were servants that did basic house and farm work.
Could never become a citizen or metics.
Had no legal rights.
Some slaves were paid for their work and overtime could pay for their freedom
Free People
Did basic house and farm work.
Owned slaves.
Ran businesses.
Could or rent own houses and land.
Citizen
Are free men born to Athenian parents.
Could participate in government meetings and democracy in Athens.
Were expected to serve in the Athenian army.
Metic
Born outside of Athens.
Were required to pay taxes to live in Athens.
Could serve in army if needed.
Could not won houses or land in Athens.
Could not take part in government.
How did it impact the lives of the people?
Complex technologies that were invented in Ancient Greece that are still done/used today include:
The Olympics-
In today's version of the Olympics, we still do events that were used in Ancient Greece. These events include sprinting and the long jump competition(track & field), and the discus throw. Another tradition is the Olympic torch, which is lit and kept going during the games to symbolize the gift of fire given by the god Prometheus.
The Greek Arts-
The greeks invented drama and built the first theaters. The theaters were used for plays and poetry. The creation of epic poems made plays easier to read and write since they were written in verses as well as the poems. Another art type that we use today is sculpting. Sculpting was used to demonstrate the physical structure of human beings.
Farmers
Farming was one of the hardest jobs in Greece because of the poor soil found there. The plants grown on the land were olives, barley, and grapes. These ingredients were used for cereal, flour, wine, cooking oil, and fuel.
Merchants
Merchants could be either citizens or metics that bought or sold goods in the market place in each city-state. Most families owned shops that were run by slaves where the buying and selling took place.
Athletes
Athletes competed in either the Olympic, Pythian, Nemean, or Isthmian games in honor of a specific god or goddess. Each game was held either every four or two years.
Major Cities in Greece:
-Athens
-Macedonia
-Sparta
-Argos
-Corinth
-Thebes
-Megara
Cities in Greece were called polis or city-states. A polis consisted of the city and the country-side surrounding it.
Cities were kept pretty small with the biggest city-state being Athens at 1,000 square miles with only a thousand or so people. The other city-states were sometimes less than 100 square miles which made them very small compared to cities that we have today.
People settled in Athens because it had a spring of water and was easy to defend. Athens was at the heart of Greek and because of this it became the main trading port and exported mass amounts of honey and silver.
The people in Greece were polytheistic which means that they believed in more than one god. They believed that their Greek gods and goddesses looked after all aspect of life and death on Earth.
Almost every Grecian believed in the one religion that included the greek gods but those who didn't, joined a mystery religion in the form of a cult with others that did not believe. The people of mystery and main religion were relatively peaceful due to the evidence of there being no records of war over religion.
Note: In the city of Athens, only free men had a say in how the city was run. Women, foreigners, and slaves were not allowed to have a say in how the city was run.
800 B.C.
650-500 B.C.
500 B.C.
During around 800 B.C., small groups of rich landowners called aristocrats governed most of the Greek states and ruled in a system called oligarchy.
Oligarchy
is a system in which power is held by a small group of certain people.
Aristocrats were resented often because of there power and this sometimes lead to riots. To form a sort of peace, people on occasion allowed one man to hold the power of governing the city-state called a tyrant. Few tyrants stayed in power for long periods of time but most only rules for a short time.
At the end of the Archaic Period, some Greek states overthrew their tyrants and took on a system of government called democracy.
In a democracy, a council of 500 citizens created new laws and policies, which were then debated at a meeting called an assembly.
An assembly had at least 6000 people there before they could begin and each citizen had a right to voice their opinion and vote on laws and polices.
The form of democracy influenced modern democratic thought all around the world especially in the United States who took parts of the Greek democracy and used it for our ides of democracy.
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