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French and Indian War

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Robby Soeder

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of French and Indian War

French and Indian War
Opening Engagement
Dispute between France and England over land and trading rights
both wanted the Ohio Valley
had claims to the same land
The Protestant British saw the Roman Catholic French as a threat.

Geography of War
Last Battle

Treaty and Provisions
Short and Long Term Effects
Turning Points
also called the Seven Years War

Leader of France



Bows and Arrows:

British General James Wolfe
defeats French at Quebec in 1759
William Pitt's committing to the war in 1758, sending 23,000 troops.
Virginia militiamen killed 10 soldiers from Fort Duquesne.
One militia soldier killed.
21 prisoners taken.
Seven Seas
West Indies
and Africa
: make relations with the local Indians,
build strong defenses, and bolster colonial morale.
: build strong defenses and get the local Indians on their side.

relations with Indians
was key
The end of the war is marked by the English conquest of Quebec through James Wolfe's campaign.
This led to the surrender of Montreal which ended French control in North America.
James Wolfe
virtually worldwide
Treaty of Paris (1763):
Britain gained the French land in North America
French kept Caribbean sugar islands

Leaders For Britain
Short term:
About 5000 casualties

Long Term:
Expansion of British territorial claims in the New World
Britain's debt enlarged
End of Salutary Neglect
Colonial unity and confidence

Leaders For Britain
William Pitt
Devoted to victory over France
realized importance of colonies
ended salutary neglect
James Wolfe
major general who won battle of Quebec
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm
In 1756, became commander-in-chief of French forces in North America
Died in Battle Of Quebec
Battles of Significance
Battle of Quebec:
Signified a major turning point in Britain's favor
French surrender of Montreal:
Marked the end of French rule in North America

Key Military Personnel
Fun 'Lil Category
Pierre Francois de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal-governor general of new france, tactics led to early success against British

Marquis de Montalm-Commander of French forces in North America.

William Pitt-Secretary of State and later Prime Minister, Policies led to success against French

George Washington-Commander of Virginia Regiment

James Wolfe-Led attack against Quebec

At the Battle of the Wilderness 1755, George Washington emerged uninjured but his coat was pierced by four bullets and two horses were shot from beneath him.
George Washington was 22 and had no military experience but was given a regiment to lead into the Ohio Valley to force out the French.
Full transcript