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French and Indian War
Transcript of French and Indian War
Dispute between France and England over land and trading rights
both wanted the Ohio Valley
had claims to the same land
The Protestant British saw the Roman Catholic French as a threat.
Geography of War
Treaty and Provisions
Short and Long Term Effects
also called the Seven Years War
Leader of France
Bows and Arrows:
British General James Wolfe
defeats French at Quebec in 1759
William Pitt's committing to the war in 1758, sending 23,000 troops.
Virginia militiamen killed 10 soldiers from Fort Duquesne.
One militia soldier killed.
21 prisoners taken.
: make relations with the local Indians,
build strong defenses, and bolster colonial morale.
: build strong defenses and get the local Indians on their side.
relations with Indians
The end of the war is marked by the English conquest of Quebec through James Wolfe's campaign.
This led to the surrender of Montreal which ended French control in North America.
Treaty of Paris (1763):
Britain gained the French land in North America
French kept Caribbean sugar islands
Leaders For Britain
About 5000 casualties
Expansion of British territorial claims in the New World
Britain's debt enlarged
End of Salutary Neglect
Colonial unity and confidence
Leaders For Britain
Devoted to victory over France
realized importance of colonies
ended salutary neglect
major general who won battle of Quebec
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm
In 1756, became commander-in-chief of French forces in North America
Died in Battle Of Quebec
Battles of Significance
Battle of Quebec:
Signified a major turning point in Britain's favor
French surrender of Montreal:
Marked the end of French rule in North America
Key Military Personnel
Fun 'Lil Category
Pierre Francois de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal-governor general of new france, tactics led to early success against British
Marquis de Montalm-Commander of French forces in North America.
William Pitt-Secretary of State and later Prime Minister, Policies led to success against French
George Washington-Commander of Virginia Regiment
James Wolfe-Led attack against Quebec
At the Battle of the Wilderness 1755, George Washington emerged uninjured but his coat was pierced by four bullets and two horses were shot from beneath him.
George Washington was 22 and had no military experience but was given a regiment to lead into the Ohio Valley to force out the French.