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Multiple Sclerosis Flow Chart

everything to know about multiple sclerosis
by

Catherine Chung

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Multiple Sclerosis Flow Chart

Multiple Sclerosis An autoimmune disease where your body attacks your central nervous system resulting in inflammation on the myelin creating scars. In turn creates numerous neurologic defects, including progressive muscle weakness. Symptoms Intellectual impairment
fatigue
pain
loss of vision
double vision
speech & difficulty swallowing
emotional changes
sexual changes
stiffness
imbalance
problems with bladder, bowel control
weakness
Risk Factors Genetic Genetic predisposition Family History
If a family member has MS, you have a higher chance to also have MS
Sex
Primarily a disease of young women
twice as common in women as it is in men
Environmental Diet Location
Caucasians in Nothern Europe & with Northern Europe descent. Ex. Canada, US, Australia, New Zealand
Diagnosis VEP (visual evoked potential)
Spinal tap examination
MRI (magentic resonating image)
CT scan (computed tomography)
Babinski reflex
Vibration sense
Eye examination
Coordination test
Lhermittle's sign
Conditions that maybe confused with MS Chronic fatigue syndrome
Lyme disease
AIDS
Stroke
Sarcoidosis
Lymphoma
Systemic lupus erythmatosis
Clinical Categories Clinically isolated syndrome
earliest form of MS
single attack of symptoms
often multiple lesions are seen on the brain MRI
Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS)
attacks of symptoms are followed by complete/partial improvements
Benign MS
remission after relapses is almost complete
Minimal disability, only affected the senses of sight &/or touch
decreases with time
Progressive MS (PMS)
disability slowly & continuously increasing, with/or without relapses
Primary Progressive MS (PPMS)
slowly increasing right from the start of the disease
appears in people in their 40's & is the only form of MS that affects men and women equally
Progressive-relapsing MS (PRMS)
relapse occurs during a course that is progressive from the onset of the disease.
rare type
Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS)
Becomes progressive after initial relapsing-remitting phase
Eventually most people with relapsing-remitting MS, develop secondary progressive MS
Treatment/medication No cure
Corticosteroids(side effects)
Modafinil( sleeping disorders)
Amantadine( increase dopamine)
Baclofen(pain medication)
Marijuana
deals with the symptoms
Long Term Effects relapses
increase fatigue
increase pain
loss of vision(permanent)
Bladder malfunctions
Loss of ability to use limbs
Death
Prevention There is no prevention
Full transcript