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Australian Culture Presentation

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Julie Hankins

on 23 July 2013

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Transcript of Australian Culture Presentation

The Australian Culture
The People
Music
The Food
Images of Australian Culture
The Aborigines
Australia is one of the most ethnically diverse societies in the world today.
Almost one in four Australian residents were born outside of Australia and many more are first or second generation Australians who are the children and grandchildren of recently arrived migrants and refugees.
This wide variety of backgrounds, together with the culture of Aborigines who have lived on the Australian continent for more than 50,000 years, have helped create a unique Australian identity and spirit.
A Multicultural Society
Yothu Yindi
Indigenous Australians migrated from Africa to Asia around 70,000 years ago and arrived in Australia around 50,000 years ago.
Although there were over 250–300 spoken languages with 600 dialects at the start of European settlement in 1788, fewer than 200 of these remain in use, and all but 20 are considered to be endangered.
Mandawuy Yunupingu
Mandawuy Yunupingu, the lead singer of Yothu Yindi and one of Australia's most famous Aborigines, died June 2, 2013 at the age of 56. Yunupingu began his career as a teacher, and became the first indigenous Australian to be appointed a school principal. He developed what he called the "both ways" educational philosophy, which utilized both Western and Aboriginal teaching techniques.
Didgeridoo
The didgeridoo is a wind instrument developed by Indigenous Australians of northern Australia around 1,500 years ago and is still in widespread use today both in Australia and around the world. It is sometimes described as a natural wooden trumpet or "drone pipe".
Yothu Yindi are an Australian musical group. The group included both Aboriginal and white musicians and won fans with its unique combination of traditional indigenous sounds and modern pop and rock.
The Breakdown
More than 92% of all Australians descend from Europeans.

Anglo-Celtic Australians (English, Scottish, Welsh, Cornish or Irish ancestral origin) make up 74% of the Australian population.

12% of the Australian population have an Asian ancestral origin.

The indigenous population as of June 2006 was estimated to be 517,200, representing about 2.5% of the population.

Far more Australians are descended from assisted immigrants than from convicts, the majority were British and Irish.

About 20% of Australians are descendants of convicts.
Australian musicians performing across a range of genres, and styles, have achieved international recognition with a unique Australian approach. The opera singer Dame Nellie Melba (look at a $100 note), the composers Percy Grainger and Peter Sculthorpe, the pop and rock bands The Seekers, Yothu Yindi, INXS, country singers Slim Dusty and Keith Urban have extended and refined the definition of Australian music.
Bushfood or Bush Tucker
traditionally relates to any food native to Australia used as sustenance by the original inhabitants, the Australian Aborigines
Plant foods
Meats
Examples of Australian native animal foods include kangaroo, emu and crocodile.
In particular, kangaroo is quite common and can be found in many normal supermarkets, often cheaper than beef.
Other animals, for example goanna and witchetty grubs, were eaten by Aboriginal Australians.
Fish and shellfish are culinary features of the Australian coastal communities.
Fruits: quandong, kutjera, muntries, riberry, Davidson's plum, and finger lime.
Native spices include lemon myrtle, mountain pepper, and aniseed myrtle.
A popular leafy vegetable is warrigal greens.
Nuts include bunya nut, and the most identifiable bushfood plant harvested and sold in large scale commercial quantities is the macadamia nut.
Steve Irwin
Aboriginal Dot Art
Australian Flags
Sydney Opera House
The Animals
Kangaroo
Koala
Tasmanian Devil
Wombat
Emu
Aborigines
Port Arthur
The Port Arthur Historic Site houses Australia's most intact convict settlement, including restored buildings and homes, ruins, a harbour, a coalmine, a factory and even an Isle of the Dead. It has a museum, interactive experiences, and a bistro that serves fresh Tasmanian produce.
Sydney Opera House is not only Australia's most famous landmark, this unique structure is one of the world's most instantly recognizable and iconic buildings. In 1956 the New South Wales Premier announced an international competition to design an opera house for Sydney. Jørn Utzon had his extraordinary design declared the winner on January 29, 1957.
Urulu
Located in the heart of the Northern Territory, Uluru, formerly known as Ayers Rock, is certainly one of the most well known Aussie Landmarks and the greatest of all Australian landforms.
They say the dotting style is the educational sand drawings carried out mainly by the Central Desert peoples, that were intrinsically made up of both line and gestural dot work. The dotting style of many of the Aboriginal artists from this region was a natural evolution from their sand drawings as they translated the stories on the modern materials of paint and canvas.
Keith Urban
Olivia Newton-John
Orianthi
Religion
The Dreaming
The Dreaming, as a coordinated system of belief and action, includes totemism. Together, they express a close relationship: man is regarded as part of nature, not fundamentally dissimilar to the mythic beings or to the animal species, all of which share a common life force. The totem serves as an agent, placing man within the Dreaming and providing him with an indestructible identity that continues uninterruptedly from the beginning of time to the present and into the future.
Government
Australia’s system of government is founded in the liberal democratic tradition. Based on the values of religious tolerance, freedom of speech and association, and the rule of law, Australia’s institutions and practices of government reflect British and North American models. At the same time, they are uniquely Australian.
Although Australia is an independent nation, Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain is also formally Queen of Australia. The Queen appoints a Governor-General (on the advice of the elected Australian Government) to represent her.
Like the United States and unlike Britain, Australia has a written constitution. The Australian Constitution defines the responsibilities of the federal government, which include foreign relations, trade, defense and immigration. Governments of states and territories are responsible for all matters not assigned to the Commonwealth, and they too adhere to the principles of responsible government. In the states, the Queen is represented by a Governor for each state.
Criminal History
The first 736 convicts were banished from England to Botany Bay, Australia. Over the next 60 years, approximately 50,000 criminals were transported from Great Britain to the "land down under," in one of the strangest episodes in criminal-justice history.
The accepted wisdom of the upper and ruling classes in 18th century England was that criminals were inherently defective. Thus, they could not be rehabilitated and simply required separation from the genetically pure and law-abiding citizens. Accordingly, lawbreakers had to be either killed or exiled, since prisons were too expensive. With the American victory in the Revolutionary War, transgressors could no longer be shipped off across the Atlantic, and the English looked for a colony in the other direction.
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