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The French And Indian War
Transcript of The French And Indian War
The French + Indians were badly outnumbered, but they won important victories
What advantages do you think the French and Indians had in this war? Early British Defeats What do we know about fighting strategies that the British had?
How might those strategies compare to the Native Americans? The battle at Fort Necessity Militia =A military force of civilians who are added to a regular army in an emergency.
Guerilla Warfare =The use of "hit-and-run" tactics by small, mobile groups of irregular forces operating in territory controlled by a hostile force.
Let's Talk About
A Few Important Words So Far What is guerilla warfare opposite of? General Edward Braddock was killed in action
“We shall better know how to deal with them another time”. George Washington barely survives
the battle at Monongahela What if George Washington had died? The British Plan of Attack 1755 – Britain launches a 4 part attack
General Edward Braddock would lead an attack on Ft. Duquesne;
Lt. Col. Robert Monckton would lead an attack on Ft. Beausejour;
Sir William Johnson would lead an attack on Ft. St. Frederic;
Massachusetts Governor William Shirley would fortify Ft. Oswego, then lead
an attack on Ft. Niagara. Linear Warfare Vs. Guerilla Warfare
Europeans fought in line formation.
This tactic was used because the guns were so inaccurate that soldiers had to fire at the same time in order to inflict casualties.
After firing 4 – 5 shots, soldiers would affix their bayonets and fight hand to hand with the enemy line. Soldiers who engage in Guerilla Warfare rely heavily on the element of surprise.
American colonists usually fought in the European style.
However, they learned Guerilla tactics from American Indians during the French and Indian War.
American Indians often used ambushes, or sneak attacks, to catch the enemy off guard.
The British regarded such tactics as dishonorable.
General Braddock Arrives Braddock needed a guide to lead the way, a position well suited to George Washington.
On May 29, 1755, Braddock and Washington set out from Maryland to capture Fort Duquesne with a force of 1,500 British troops and Virginia militia.
The Battle At Fort Duquesne A Declaration of War On May 15, 1756, England officially declared war on France and its allies.
Now, fighting would take place in Europe, India, and on the high seas, as well as in North America.
General John Campbell was given command of British forces in North America.
Despite more funding and troops, the British continued to loose battles in North America.
What do you think the British should do at this point to turn the war back in their favor?