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The Roaring Twenties
Transcript of The Roaring Twenties
They felt that this was the only way to provide for their families and an easy way to make money. The quality of alcohol was very poor and people would become sick as the death rate from alcohol poisoning rose 400%
Street violence increased and unemployment rose. The 1920's The Roaring 20’s was an era filled with culture. The radio became popularized and changed family life. Jazz music earned the 20’s the nickname “The Jazz Era” and started a dance craze that swept the nation. Some favorite dances included the Charleston, Fox-trot, and the shimmy. In Harlem, New York a revolution of African American culture exploded starting the Harlem Renaissance which lasted until the Great Depression. Along with this explosion of culture came an explosion of crime including American Mobsters who many people saw as heroes. Flappers In the 20s, woman became more rebellious in many aspects of their lives such as their fashion and general everyday behavior. Before the 1920s, the 'mark of a respectable lady' was long hair, but many woman began wearing their hair very short in 'bob' haircuts that fell just below the ear and curled it with bobby pins and even electric curling irons. They rolled down their stockings to expose their legs and raised the hemlines on their dresses and skirts, which appalled woman of the older generations. People starting feeling threatened by the flapper style. Flappers also started wearing makeup. This was a huge change. Makeup had been something only used by prostitutes, dancers, and actresses, but now these young woman wore it on an everyday basis. They considered it glamorous to wear red lipstick and thickly black lined eyes (which was sometimes done with the burned end of a matchstick). For the first time in history, woman began carrying cosmetics with them in their purses. Prohibition What is it?Prohibition during the 1920s was the illegalization of the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages. Was the 18th Amendment and lasted from 1919 to 1933. Why?Prohibition was created as a means of lowering crime and corruption, plus lower the taxes needed to support prisons. Also meant to improve health and hygiene in America. Well, did it work? Nope. Illegal home brewing became popular. Plus, the possession and consumption of alcohol was technically not illegal, so liquor acquired before the 18th Amendment was passed was completely legal. Even prominent citizens and politicians later admitted to having used alcohol during Prohibition. Prohibition did basically nothing to improve America’s image, and only spurred illegal bootleg liquor rings. Eventually it was repealed by the 21st Amendment Culture in the 1920's The Harlem Rennaisance The Harlem Renaissance, also known as the New Negro Movement, was a literary, artistic, cultural, intellectual movement that began in Harlem, New York after World War I and ended around 1935 during the Great Depression. It raised issues affecting African Americans through literature, art, music, drama, sculpture, movies, and protests. Although the movement began in Harlem, New York, its influence spread throughout the nation and beyond. Music The music of the 1920’s included Jazz, Ragtime, and Broadway musicals. By the mid-1920’s Jazz was being played all over the country. The radio and phonograph were increasing in popularity as American’s bought over 100 million of them in 1927 alone. As jazz was first becoming popular it was considered “the devil’s music” by some segments of the American public. This was a very hot issue of debate throughout the 1920’s. Dance Public dance halls opened all over cities. Dances inspired by African style dance moves became popular. The cake walk, developed by slaves as a send-up of their masters' formal dress balls, became the rage. White audiences saw these dances first in vaudeville shows, then performed by exhibition dancers in the clubs.
Inventions and Discoveries During the 1920's, a boom of inventions that would influence history occured.
These included the television, radio, frozen food, and the discovery of penicillin. In 1927, Philo Farnsworth made the world's first working television system with electronic scanning of both the pickup and display devices The discovery of penicillin in 1928 by Scottish scientist
Alexander Fleming became one of the most important discoveries
in modern medicine. The anti-biotic was used to treat diseases such as
Syphillis and Gonorrhea.
Prohibition officers desposing of barrels of alcohol. In 1920, the sale and consumption of alcohol was banned thinking that it would decrease crime rates and violence, when in fact it did just the opposite.
Alcohol became to be known as the devils advocate. People would bribe government officials in order to get alcohol, which worked a lot of the time.
The prohibition laws were abolished when it was realized that it was a failure, caused more problems then it first had. Notable People Calvin Coolige was the Unites States president during the majority of the 1920's
Babe Ruth rose to be one baseball's biggest stars, known for his incredible batting skills
Walt Disney created the first animated cartoon with sound
Charles Lindbergh flew the first ever solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean
Louis Armstrong was an American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans
John Thomas Scopes was a teacher who was charged for teaching evolution in school. Scopes Monkey Trial
Langston Hughes was an American writer who is best known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance
Marcus Garvey was an African American activist, and founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League Elections of the 1920's On November 4, 1924, Calvin Coolidge was elected President of the United States. Vice President Coolidge had assumed the office of the presidency the year before after President Warren Harding died. But Coolidge then had to convince the American public to elect him President in his own right. Bibloigraphy http://www.1920-30.com/music/
http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/fashion_costume_culture/Modern-World-1919-1929/Flappers.html At the time of Harding's death in August 1923, the President was just nearing the end of his two-month trip across the country designed to repair his and his party's image before the 1924 presidential campaign. Initially, winning the election seemed a daunting task for Coolidge, who four years earlier had gained the Republican vice presidential nomination only after party delegates clashed over more favored candidates. Although a man of few words, Coolidge was an astute politician who by the time he became vice president in 1920 had served as an elected official for more than two decades from city councilman to governor of Massachusetts. More importantly, he remained extremely popular with the American public during this time. Coolidge epitomized the honest, hard-working, and business-minded attitude that promised to streamline government and rid Washington of the corruption and scandals bred during Harding's administration.
Coolidge's campaign differed little from the "Return to Normalcy" heralded by Harding four years earlier. Coolidge also used the new medium of radio very effectively in what was an otherwise uneventful campaign. Virtually inventing the press conference, Coolidge held 520 during his five and a half years in office, cultivating a genial relationship with the press with his dry wit and wry humor. By November 1924, he was the favorite, and his easy victory - 382 electoral votes (15.7 million popular votes) to Democrat John Davis's 136 (8.4 million) and Progressive Robert La Follette's 13 (4.8 million) - surprised few. Four years later, weary of the office, Coolidge famously declined nomination for a second elected term by calling a press conference, but taking no questions from reporters. He simply handed out strips of paper to those present that read, in classic Coolidge style, "I do not choose to run for President in nineteen twenty-eight."
Herbert Hoover was nominated on the first ballot at the Republican convention in Kansas City. He stated in his acceptance speech that: "We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of this land... We shall soon with the help of God be in sight of the day when poverty will be banished from this land." Alfred Smith was nominated by the Democrats at their convention in Houston on the second ballot. Smith was the first Roman Catholic to run for the presidency. The Emergency Quota Act of 1920 The objective of this act was to temporarily limit the numbers of immigrants to the United States by imposing quotas based on country of birth.
Immigration Act of 1924
It superseded the 1921 Emergency Quota Act. The law was aimed at further restricting the Southern and Eastern Europeans who were immigrating in large numbers starting in the 1890s, as well as prohibiting the immigration of East Asians and Asian Indians.
Politics in the 1920's Economic boom ended by "Black Tuesday" (October 29, 1929); the stock market crashes, leading to the Great Depression. The market actually began to drop on Thursday October 24, 1929 and the fall continued until the huge crash on Tuesday October 29, 1929.
The Emergency Quota Act of 1921 limited immigration from foreign countries to 3% of the foreign born of each national group that lived in the United States in 1910. The National Origins Act of 1924 made it 2% of the ethnicity that lived in the United States in 1890.
19th Amendment- prohibits each state and the federal government from denying any citizen the right to vote because of that citizen's sex. It was ratified on August 18, 1920.
Air Commerce Act- regulates civil aviation; the Army Air Corps is established.
Indian Citizenship Act - June 15, 1924 - All Indians are designated citizens by legislation passed in the U.S. Congress and signed by President Calvin Coolidge. The Indian Citizenship Act granted this right to all Native Americans that had been born within the territory of the United States.
August 10, 1927 - Work on the gigantic sculpture at Mount Rushmore began. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum would complete the task of chiseling the busts of four presidents; George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt, fourteen years later.
The peanutbutter and jelly sandwich became famous in 1922 New Slide of awesomeness