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Transcript of Maldives: geography
official language is Dhivehi, but English is also spoken by most government officials
main religion Sunni Muslim
estimated population 394,541
main ethnic groups include: South Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
93.8% literacy rate
12yrs of school
population below poverty line: 16%
by Yuan Tao and Tor Mowatt-Larssen the Maldives are located at about 3 15 N, 73 00 E located in the southern part of Arabian Sea and northern part of Indian Ocean
south of India and mainland Asia
east of Africa and the Middle East
north of the Equator
700 km south west of Sri Lanka and 400 km south west of India Formal Region-
an archipelago consisting of 26 north-south oriented atolls, or 1, 192 islands.
South Asia Region.
Functional Region- economy is heavily dependent on tourism, trade, and fishing, and therefore travel to India, and other bordering countries is essential six airports
88 km of total roadways
village roads are usually made of compacted coral
18 total merchant ships (1 bulk carrier, 14 cargo ships, 1 petroleum tanker, 2 refrigerated cargo) most atolls situated atop ring-shaped coral reefs, which can support multiple islands
most of the islands of the Maldives are small; no individual island is longer than 8km
the capital is known Male
vegetation differs in the inhabited and in the uninhabited islands.
Inhabited islands- small groves of banana, papaya, drumstick and citrus trees by the homesteads
breadfruit trees and coconut palms are grown in available patches of land.
Uninhabited islands- mostly different kinds of bushes and mangroves along the waterline as well as some coconut trees.
40% of population is urban
life expectancy is about 75 years
fish catch has dropped sharply
main industry is tourism but has been failing
not much agriculture because of limited land
failing tourism and fishing has put pressure on economy
government trying to expand beyond fishing and tourism
worried about erosion and global warming on the low lying land
Human Characteristics: Agricultural products: coconuts, corn,sweet potatoes, fish
Industries: tourism, fish processing, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining Island resort in the Maldives Fishing in the Maldives