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Transcript of motivation
Needs split into two categories:
Maintenance or Hygiene Factors and Motivators
(p.84) Maintenance Factors (Extrinsic Motivators)- come from outside the person and the job itself (p.84)
Security Motivatiors (Intrinsic Motivators)- these comes from the person though the work itself (p.84)
Responsibility This theory states that people are motivated by Motivatiors rather than Maintenance (Hygiene) Factors (p.84) Needs Power Achievement Affiliation Needs are
divided into ... WHO IS THIS? Victor Vroom
Developed Expectancy Theory
Motivation = Expectancy x Instrumentality x Valence WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN? Instrumentality (Your Reward) VS Valence (The Reward’s Worth) If it’s not worth it If it’s worth it Specific, difficult goals motivate people.
High-achievement, motivated persons consistently engage in goal-setting. (p.90)
Examples???? Specific, difficult goals Goal must have a single result 1. Specific 2. Measurable 3. Target Date Writing objectives model
4 criteria in writing an effective goal plan 4. Other criteria to be considered... Difficult but achievable. Participatively set. Commitment. Through consequences for behaviours,
people will be motivated to behave
in predetermined ways Reinforcement, huh? Types and Schedules (+) vs (-), Extinction, Punishment Motivating and Praising Time for a game! “People are motivated to seek social equity in the rewards they receive for their performance” – J. Stacy Adams (p.90) Input Output But does it? Over & Under Rewarding Summary Hierarchy of needs theory
Acquired needs theory Content Motivation Theories Process motivation theories Equity Theory
Goal setting theory Reinforcement Theory Positive
Punishment From Animal Model to Human Brain Networking: DynamicCausal Modeling of Motivational Systems The reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST) And you get... People are motivated through five levels of needs.
Self Actualization HIERARCHY OF NEEDS Perceived Input Frederick Herzberg