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Samuel Lei

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of motivation

Motivation Content Motivation Theories Process Motivation Theories Reinforcement Theory Hierarchy of Needs Theory Two-factor theory Acquired needs theory Equity Theory Expectancy Theory Goal setting theory What motivates you? Assumptions Include 1 Only unmet needs motivate 2 3 4 Peoples needs are arranged from basic to complex (hierarchy) No motivation to satisfy higher needs until lower needs have been satisfied. Five classifications of needs, which presented in hierarchical order from low to high level of need. Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory (1960s)

Needs split into two categories:
Maintenance or Hygiene Factors and Motivators
(p.84) Maintenance Factors (Extrinsic Motivators)- come from outside the person and the job itself (p.84)

Working conditions
Security Motivatiors (Intrinsic Motivators)- these comes from the person though the work itself (p.84)

Responsibility This theory states that people are motivated by Motivatiors rather than Maintenance (Hygiene) Factors (p.84) Needs Power Achievement Affiliation Needs are
divided into ... WHO IS THIS? Victor Vroom

Developed Expectancy Theory

Motivation = Expectancy x Instrumentality x Valence WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN? Instrumentality (Your Reward) VS Valence (The Reward’s Worth) If it’s not worth it If it’s worth it Specific, difficult goals motivate people.

High-achievement, motivated persons consistently engage in goal-setting. (p.90)

Examples???? Specific, difficult goals Goal must have a single result 1. Specific 2. Measurable 3. Target Date Writing objectives model

4 criteria in writing an effective goal plan 4. Other criteria to be considered... Difficult but achievable. Participatively set. Commitment. Through consequences for behaviours,
people will be motivated to behave
in predetermined ways Reinforcement, huh? Types and Schedules (+) vs (-), Extinction, Punishment Motivating and Praising Time for a game! “People are motivated to seek social equity in the rewards they receive for their performance” – J. Stacy Adams (p.90) Input Output But does it? Over & Under Rewarding Summary Hierarchy of needs theory

Two-factor theory

Acquired needs theory Content Motivation Theories Process motivation theories Equity Theory

Expectancy Theory

Goal setting theory Reinforcement Theory Positive
Avoidance Extinction
Punishment From Animal Model to Human Brain Networking: DynamicCausal Modeling of Motivational Systems The reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST) And you get... People are motivated through five levels of needs.





Self Actualization HIERARCHY OF NEEDS Perceived Input Frederick Herzberg
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