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Solar System - Amy Hanna

solar system, planets, mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter, saturn, uranus, neptune, pluto, eris, ceres, space, amy hanna

amy hanna

on 18 April 2016

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Transcript of Solar System - Amy Hanna

What conclusion can you draw about a planet just by where it is located in the solar system
How do astronomers think the rings around Saturn formed?

What are the rings made of?
Ceres, Asteroid Belt
What characteristics do planets have? Think about the difference between a asteroid and a planet.
Spirit and Opportunity
2003-2009 extended 5 times
Viking Lander
Phoenix - 2007
Mars 2011
Unmanned missions
rover- land and move around
Trans-Neptunian Objects- Any small, icy body orbiting the Sun beyond Neptune. (comets, asteroids, dwarf planets)
Solar System: the system containing the sun and the bodies held in its gravitational field, including the planets, asteroids, and comets.
Grab the two sheets on the front table and cut them out.
So asteroids cause craters in stead of burning up.
Summarize the steps to forming a solar system in single words or phrases.
Magellan (American orbiter)- took pictures of its surface through clouds in 1989.
Atmosphere: Gases reflect the sun light, making it the brightest planet but let the radiation into Venus's atmosphere, making it hottest planet.

Mostly carbon dioxide... greenhouse gas.
Venera Lander: Russian space craft landed on the surface and send back pictures- briefly.
Venus's atmosphere is 90 x denser than Earth, crushing anything that passes through the atmosphere.
But does not have tectonic plates so the pressure finds a weak part of the crust and burst lava through.
Believed to be the only other active planet in the solar system.
Rotates very slowly in the opposite direction
Theory: hit by a large planetesimal during its formation.
Why is Mercury more like our moon than Earth?
Venus has storms but it is too hot to rain, it would just vaporize.

The atmosphere is also has toxic sulfuric acid and which would burn you.

It does have lightning, but the atmosphere is too thick to have it hit the ground.
Why is Venus called our twin and why is our evil twin? (2 examples each)
1. What inner planet has the most varied temperatures?
2. What planet is considered the Goldilocks planet?
3. What planet have the Russians landed on, but not Americans?
4. Name one of the missions to Mars?
5. What planets day is longer than its year?
1. What inner planet has the biggest temperature variations?
2. What planet is considered Earth's evil twin?
3. Besides Earth, which rock planet has moons?
4. What mission completed a complete 100% picture or Mercury?
5. What were the Russian missions to Venus named?
Pick up quizzes and glue in
Glue in info sheet for saturn
Missions to Jupiter
Pioneer 10 and 11- fly-by
Voyager 1 and 2- fly-by
Galileo- 14 year mission- first orbiter to Jupiter
Juno- to arrive in July of 2016
Being heated from the inside by Jupiters gravitational pull.
NASA has plans to visit this moon, drill through the ice and take pictures of the liquid ocean. Maybe bacteria?
Mega ring found around Saturn
250,000 miles
How big is the ring, based on this scale?
Possible ring formation
What it might have looked like for Huygen's to land on Titan
Huygens landed on Titan, Saturn's moon.
Actual Pictures of Titan
Considered an "Ice Giant" twin with Neptune
Mostly featureless surface
Blue green color is because of methane in the atmosphere also has liquid and icy materials and ammonia.
1. Glue in full size wksh
2. Cut out squares on half sheet
3. Put red folders on the back counter
Cut out the squares/rectangles

Throw away scraps

Put in order for forming a solar system
List as many ways you could die on Venus as possible.
Why should Mars be considered our sister planet and not Venus? (7 reasons).
Grab your Earth Day rubric from the window counter.

Have out your Saturn notes
Grab a note card from the front table. Number 1-5.
1. What inner planet has the most varied temperatures?
2. Which rock planet besides Earth is considered to still be active inside?
3. Which planet has the tallest extinct volcano?
4. Name one of the missions to Venus?
5. What planets day is longer than its year?
Formation of a Solar System
Do not glue in the two sheets. But do grab them.
a very dense
What is a moon?
Moon- A natural satellite that main orbit is a planet or dwarf planet.
4 minutes...

For Earth and Mars, cut out and glue it into your spiral with a info slip of paper.

Put in 5 Earth facts that differ from other inner planets
Mars One- 202?
Big Red Spot
Has dark rings
Rotates on it's side (rolls)- probably hit by asteroid in its early formation
Voyager 2- orbited in 1986
Voyager 2- Flyby
Clear your desk except for your spiral.
Nebula: massive clouds of recycled dust and gas, (hydrogen and helium), “stellar nurseries” – the place where stars are born.
Supernova- is a large explosion that takes place at the end of a large star's life cycle, giving off gases and dust.
Nuclear fusion- in stars hydrogen fuses together with hydrogen forming, helium. The result of this process is the release of a lot of energy. E=mc2.

M- Mass
C- constant (speed of light) (squared)

Stellar Equilibrium
6,000,000,000,000 MPH
What facts do you already know about Mercury? (10 facts)
Year: time it takes to orbit (revolve) around the sun.
Day: time it takes to complete one rotation (sun up to sun up)

Terrestrial: inner rock planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars)
Jovian: outer gas giants (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune)
Largest Crater in our Solar System: Caloris Basin
Mercury and Venus
Icy exterior
Glue in info sheet and jupiter.
Clear your desk except for a pencil.

1 2 3 4
Glue in for both Uranus and Neptune
Full transcript