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Copy of SOS Children's Village
Transcript of Copy of SOS Children's Village
ЗОРИЛГО & ЗОРИЛТ
Dr. Siddharth Shankar
SOS Children’s Village was founded by Herman Gmeiner in 1949. He came up with the idea because of the increasing number of children left homeless and orphaned by the Second World War. Herman constructed 4 basic principles that he considered important for the children.
Every Child Belongs to a Family
Every Child Grows with Love
Every Child Grows with Respect
Every Child Grows with Security
We Build Families for Children in Need
We Help Them Shape Their Own Futures
We Share in The Development of Their Communities
Established in over 130 countries.
Well established structure.
Major international funding by the first world countries.
Well developed partnership with major world organisations (UN, ECOSOC, Europe & European Union and NGO Coalitions).
Disparity of operations between the first world and third world countries.
Lack of social programmes
They don’t have common website design, thus indicating societal differences in different countries.
Participation on other related causes like aged care.
There are still one billion children living in poverty.
There is inequality of consumption between the first world and third world countries.
Participation on helping the United Nations reduce poverty in third world countries
The structures are not established, maintained and implemented in the same pace as the growth of the organisation.
Membership requirements are too difficult to follow by first users
Strengths and Opportunities:
• Maximizing organizations’ performance
• Expansion on other related causes
Strengths and Threats:
• Additional options for membership requirements
• Transformation on the whole structure
Weaknesses and Opportunities:
• Enhance equal performance and structural engagement
• Establish good micro level relationship
Weaknesses and Threats:
• Might increase the gap
• May portray SOS as a first world organisation
SOS children’s village:
"NFP focusing to meet the needs and protect the interests and rights of children. They respond to the situation of children who are at risk of losing parental care and children who have lost parental care. Overall their whole operations are funded by private donations and government grants"
1949: SOS Children's Villages founded in Austria by Hermann Gmeiner; first SOS Children's Village built in Imst, Austria.
1950s: SOS Children’s Villages associations established in France.
1950s: SOS Children’s Villages associations established in German.
1950s: SOS Children’s Villages associations established in Italy.
1960s: SOS Children's Villages International established as the umbrella organisation for all SOS Children's Villages associations. Start of the work in Latin America (Uruguay).
1963: First SOS Children’s Villages in Asia (South Korea and India).
1970s: First African SOS Children's Village built in Côte d'Ivoire
1970s: First African SOS Children's Village programmes started in Ghana
1970s: First African SOS Children's Village programmes started in Sierra Leone
1970s: First African SOS Children's Village programmes started in Kenya
1985: Helmut Kutin succeeded Hermann Gmeiner as President of SOS Children's Villages International.
1986: Hermann Gmeiner dies on 26 April 1986, having established some 230 SOS Children's Villages all over the world. Both, SOS Children's Villages and Hermann Gmeiner himself had been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize several times.
1990s SOS Children’s Villages expands its work to countries of the former Soviet Union
1990s SOS Children’s Villages buillt two SOS Children’s Villages in the USA.
1995: UN membership: SOS Children's Villages International becomes "NGO in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations".
2002: SOS Children's Villages International receives the Conrad N. Hilton Humanitarian Prize, the world-renowned humanitarian award, for extraordinary contributions towards alleviating human suffering.
2005: Following the tsunami disaster in Asia, SOS Children's Villages starts an emergency relief and reconstruction programme - the largest one in the history of SOS Children's Villages in Indonesia
2005: Following the tsunami disaster in Asia, SOS Children's Villages starts an emergency relief and reconstruction programme - the largest one in the history of SOS Children's Villages in Thailand
2005: Following the tsunami disaster in Asia, SOS Children's Villages starts an emergency relief and reconstruction programme - the largest one in the history of SOS Children's Villages in South India
2005: Following the tsunami disaster in Asia, SOS Children's Villages starts an emergency relief and reconstruction programme - the largest one in the history of SOS Children's Villages in Sri Lanka
2009: The 500th SOS Children's Village is opened in the year of the 60th anniversary of the organisation. More than 73,400 children and young people have a stable home in SOS Children's Villages and youth facilities in 132 countries and territories. More than 1.2 million children and adults are benefiting from various social services (family strengthening programmes, schools, vocational training centres, medical centres, emergency relief etc.). The Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children, to which SOS Children's Villages has significantly contributed to, are officially welcomed by the UN General Assembly.
2010: After the devastating earthquake in Haiti, over 500 unaccompanied children were given a temporary home in the SOS Children’s Villages in Santo and Cap Haitien. Thousands of children participated in the emergency nutrition programme.
Children in the village are first of all provided with a mother, who provides the child with emotional security and love. Mother’s in the SOS villages are carefully selected and are given special training in order to care for the children they will be involved with.
The mother is given a home in which she has to raise her family consisting of the orphaned children. The basic format of these homes is similar to normal households in order to give the children a feel of the real world and never let them realize their respective pass. This home is the family home of the child until he or she leaves the place for studies or job placements and becomes independent, even then this home is perceived as the family home of the child.
SOS has become one of the most popular organisations in the world based on the principles of care they believe in. Orphaned children long for togetherness and family. Keeping this in mind Herman constituted the third principle which provided the child with brothers and sisters so that he or she can have a feel of family life.
The SOS children’s village in the real sense are village communities organized as such to give children a feel of community life. In most of the third world countries the SOS communities are villages in the real sense but in developed countries like Australia they are like clustered houses giving an impression of a social housing complex. The communities are so constructed nestled together in order to bridge the societal gap in terms of money and power. A nestled village or community gives the child a sense security and safety.
The Umbrella Organisation:
The universal SOS Children’s village organisation to which all the national associations are linked or affiliated. The umbrella organisation has the following task:
To maintain the educational and administrative guidelines.
To guarantee the basic principles of the SOS children’s villages are put to task.
Last but not the least is to support the national associations in their work in regards to the SOS philosophy.
Exchange program between children from different SOS Children’s Village in different countries so they can learn about diverse cultures and societies-
The world today is incredibly diverse culturally as well as interconnected; therefore it becomes a responsibility of organisations who do humanitarian efforts to care for orphaned, neglected or underprivileged children to open the children’s eyes to the happenings of the world. As mentioned by Merryfield (2004, p270) “Without understanding diverse cultures locally and globally, young people cannot make sense of issues and events that affect their lives nor can they make informed economic, political, and environmental decisions”. And as mentioned in the values put for the by SOS that they want to educate and nurture the child so that he or she can go out in the world and become a global citizen, independent and sustainable on their own. Hence we recommend exchange programs for high school or university students in SOS children’s villages to visit other SOS villages around the world to build a diverse outlook in the youngsters.
Employment helpline for young people under SOS care which they can utilise after they finish their education-
Youngsters coming out of high schools and universities have difficulty seeking employment which is a known fact. As Nietupski (2008) highlights that young people nowadays know how difficult it can be to search and find jobs when you are straight out of school or universities. As you have to compete with other job seekers for work positions which are reducing by the day, throwing light on the increasing unemployment. This is thus a daunting task for someone out of SOS children’s care as most of the children there have gone through numerous hardships in their life and nothing has come easily to them. So if such a youngster has to struggle to find a job or work then in our opinion it is tough for SOS to uphold their values when they mention that reduce the struggle from the lives of children under their care. Thus we recommend a employment helpline within the SOS for youngsters who are out of high school or university and looking for job so that their initial struggle to find a foot hold in the society is managed.
Speed-up the expansion process in vulnerable parts of the world-
The SOS operations around the world give a clear picture of one thing that some projects like the one in Indonesia and Haiti were started only after the places were struck by the deadly tsunami and earthquake respectively. The world today is in turmoil with political propagandas occurring around the world leading to military action and civil wars, natural disasters affecting populations, famines in poorer parts of the world coupled with life threatening diseases. So our third recommendation to SOS is to setup processes in such vulnerable areas before these area are struck by unwanted events, so that immediate relief can be provided to the orphaned, neglected or affected children of these events, keeping with the values of SOS to provide home, life, shelter and education to the not so privileged children.
According to latest facts and figures released by SOS Children’s Villages (2012), worldwide 133 million children ranging from newborns to the age of 17 years have lost either one or both the parents. Serious illnesses like HIV alone have orphaned 15 million. Millions of children worldwide are prone to domestic violence and physical punishment. Equal numbers are refugees, asylum seekers or displaced by conflict or natural disasters in their respective countries. And last but not the least only 60% of all children in the world attain some kind of education the rest 40% do not have any educational backgrounds. When we see such figures erupt in front of us it just makes us think and ponder is there something being done to reverse these figures. Well according to our research and the subsequent report analysed and formulated SOS children’s villages is working to get lives of millions of children affected by above mentioned calamities on track. Keeping in mind the number of years the organisation has been into action and has sustained it is not too presumptuous to presume that they would work to improve the condition of children deprived of their right and needs.
This report details the history of SOS, it’s principles, it’s vision and mission, a SWOT analysis of it’s working prowess and marks out three important strategic recommendations that might help the organisation further fulfill its goals in the future.