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Civil War Causes: Economic Differences

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Kustin Hieber

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of Civil War Causes: Economic Differences

Civil War Causes: Economic Differences
The South was an overwhelmingly agricultural region of mostly farmers. Most farmers lived on medium sized farms, while a small number of planters ran large farms, or plantations. One fourth of the Southern population owned slaves, and most of these were planters.
When Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793, cotton took over as "king of the southern economy. To clear land and grow cotton Southerners started using slave labor. Slavery was essential for the prosperity of the Southern economy.
The South exported most of their cotton and tobacco and therefore
were against tariffs because they feared they would scare away the foreign markets that bought their goods.
The North had several large cities where many people worked in factories and there were no slaves. Those who lived on small farms raised food crops and livestock for family use- rather than producing goods to export.
The industries of the North were varied, from shipping, textiles, lumbers, furs, and mining.
To protect its industries from foreign competition, the North favored high tariffs (taxes) on goods coming in from other countries.
It's population was already twice as large as the South's by 1790, and was becoming even larger and even more diverse.
Railroads and improved communications (the telegraph) nourished the booming industries of the North.
Economic Importance of Slavery in the South
How Did This Make the Civil War Inevitable?
Why Did this Cause Conflict Between the North & South?
Slavery was the primary economic cause of the Civil War.
Main Economic Differences Between the North & South
Economic Importance of Slavery in the South
Industrial Revolution
"Cotton is King"
"Had many different economic uses for slaves
Why Did this Cause Conflict Between the North & South?
North had no need for slaves
Attempts at abolishing slavery enraged the south
Industrial based economy
Industrial Revolution
Weapons Manufacturing, Leather goods, Iron production, Textiles, Railroads, and Banks
Agriculturally based economy
Cotton was most valuable export
Highly dependent on slave labor
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Arrington, By. "Indid=251ustry and Economy during the Civil War." National Parks Service. http://www.nps.gov/resources/story.htm? (accessed November 18, 2013).
"Teaching History.org, home of the National History Education Clearinghouse." Causing the Civil War. http://teachinghistory.org/history-content/beyond-the-textbook/23912 (accessed November 19, 2013).

Source: http://www.nps.gov/resources/story.htm?id=251
Source: http://www.nps.gov/resources/story.htm?id=251
Source: http://teachinghistory.org/history-content/beyond-the-textbook/23912
Source: http://teachinghistory.org/history-content/beyond-the-textbook/23912
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