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North Africa and Southwest Asia (the Middle East)
Transcript of North Africa and Southwest Asia (the Middle East)
North Africa and The Middle East (Southwest Asia)
Southwest Asia is also called the
It is the crossroads of three continents
- Europe, Africa, and Asia
It has a central location
- Economic and Cultural Crossroads
Alluvial Soils - rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by moving waters (areas on either side of the Nile River bed)
Delta regions -triangular sections of land formed by sand and silt carried downriver
Oases - areas of lush vegetation in the desert
supported by underground springs
Wadi - a valley, ravine, or channel that is dry
except in the rainy season.
What it is called depends on who you are talking to.
Most of the area consists of desert
or semiarid climates
Sahara - located in North Africa,
is the world's largest desert, creates a natural barrier between North Africa and the rest of Africa
Sahel - a narrow band of semi-arid land south of the Sahara, The Sahel is widely French-speaking, Islamic and takes its name ("shore") from Arabic.
Take it from me the desert is hot!
Desertification - when the desert expands because of human interference and natural conditions
Drought - a long period of time without water
Seasonal Flooding - flooding based on the seasons, rains, etc.
Boy, my feet sure hurt, where's the grass?
Economic Characteristics- - Resources
Heavy reliance on primary economic activities
Major producer of the world's oil supply
Oil revenues have both positive and negative effects
OPEC - Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Water is the regions
most precious resource
Trade important from earliest times
Contemporary Trade routes (sea lanes)
Suez Canal - Enhanced shipping routes in the region
Answan High Dam - Controls floods of Egypt's Nile river, about 95% of population lives withing 12 miles of the Nile, problems include:
changes to the Egyptian fishing industry
erosion of the Delta
Great variation in standard of living
ranges from very high to poverty-stricken
Wide range of per capita income and levels of development
Modernization centered in urban areas while traditional life continues in rural areas
Large percentage of population under age 15
Population is unevenly distributed
Arab countries - Arab language
Non Arab countries - Turkey, Israel, Iran
Birthplace of three major religions
Conflict over Palestine
Regional Conflicts -political unrest that affects tourism
Strait of Hormuz
Art that Reflects Cultural Diversity
Wow! I look good! I'm all sparkly. I like being on this stained glass.
Hey, psst, Fred, Fred, turn around and look at the Atlas Mountains.
Is this my good side, should I turn the other way? Make sure you get the Dome of the Rock in the background. Just wait till I show the kids this picture.
Umm, I really, umm, didn't want to go back to work, umm, but these special snacks sure are good, umm.
Do you speak Arabic?