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The History of Animation

A number of significant events leading up to what we now see as animation today.
by

Ashara Meidell

on 28 April 2013

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Transcript of The History of Animation

Persistence
of Vision The idea that an
image "afterimage" remains within vision for a moment after one stops looking at it; explaining motion. In 1824, experiments
done by Peter Mark Roget are
said to be the
basis of this
theory. The idea remains
controversial
but was proven a myth
in 1912. Phenakistoscope Created in
1832 by a Belgian physicist named Joseph Plateau and his sons. It Uses the persistence
of movement principle to create the illusion of motion. Essentially two discs
connected by one axis. The first disc has slots and the second has consecutive drawings. When the two discs
spin together, the pictures appear as if they are actually moving. It was also created
independently,
by Simon von Stampfer
in the same year.
He called it the stroboscope. Zoetrope Created in England, in 1834
by William Horner. This was based on
the same principles of the phenakistoscope. Placing strips of
consecutive hand drawn pictures inside the zoetrope's drum, make the pictures look like they're moving. J. Stuart Blackton
(1875-1941) Blackton created one of
the first stop motion animated shorts called "The Humpty Dumpty Circus" in 1898. In 1906. he created what many
consider to be the first true animated picture, "Humorous Phases of Funny Faces". Max Fleischer
(1883 - 1972) Began working in animation
in 1915.

He created and patented the Rotoscope, allowing him to draw individual frames over the filmed action, creating more realistic movement. His animation featured Ko-Ko
the clown. He also created Betty Boop and Bimbo the dog.


He later created his first
full length animated film, "Gulliver's Travels". Kinetograph One of the first
motion picture cameras, and the first to use celluloid film. Thomas Edison
patented the kinetograph and it's viewer, the kinetoscope in 1891. The device uses
rapid intermittent film movement to record real life motion. This can then be viewed through a kinetoscope. Thomas Edison
(1847-1931) He created both the kinetograph and the kinetoscope.

Edison also founded Edison Studios, a production company which made a number of motion pictures between 1894 and 1918. Chuck Jones
(1912-2002) Jones was a director
and animator.

His first film was "The Night Watchman" in 1938. He also brought to life
many famous Warner Bros. characters like Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck. Gertie the
Dinosaur This is an animation
created by Winsor McCay in 1914. The first animation to have a subject with true personality. Also the first key framed animation. Disney A 1928 Disney animated
short created by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks.

This was the debut
of Mickey Mouse. The Laugh-O-Gram Studio was a film studio in Missouri, which held many pioneers to animation gathered by Walt Disney.

Even before the creation of the Walt Disney Company, a few Laugh-O-Gram Fairytales were created. Some original Laugh-O
Gram Fairytales have survived to this day. Founded Oct 16, 1923 Walt Disney
is the founder of
everything Disney;
various real films, television shows, the globally famous Disney World, and the many animated pictures that started it all. Steamboat Willie Laugh-O-Gram Newman Laugh-O-Grams (1921)
Little Red Riding Hood (1922)
The Four Musicians of Bremen (1922)
Jack and the Beanstalk (1922)
Jack the Giant Killer (1922)
Goldie Locks and the Three Bears (1922)
Puss in Boots (1922)
Cinderella (1922)
Tommy Tucker's Tooth (1922)
Alice's Wonderland (1923) Alice's Wonderland (1923)
- The start of the
Alice Comedies After ending the Alice
Comedies in 1927, Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, created Universal's first cartoon character; Oswald the Lucky Rabbit. Warner Bros.
Cartoons The Warner Bros
animation sector was created in 1933. "Loony Tunes" and
"Merrie Melodies" were created by a separate company, but were taken over by Warner Bros. Since then, Warner Bros. Cartoons
has created a number of animated films, from Tom and Jerry to Scooby-Doo. Snow White
and the
Seven Dwarfs
(1937) It was Walt Disney's first feature length
production and technicolor film. First film to have
it's own soundtrack album. Martin Newell
(Graduated 1975) Newell essentially graphed a Utah teapot 3 dimensionally. The teapot acted as a
starting point for the future of 3-dimensional design and animation. Pixar In 1979, Lucasfilms
computer divison began to dive deeper into various film technologies. In 1986 John Lasseter directed Luxo. Jr, the first 3-D animated film to be nominated for an Oscar. Also 1986, Steve Jobs
took over the computer graphics division from George Lucas Calling it Pixar. In 1995, Disney and Pixar collaborated to create Toy Story. Pixar has also
created many animated shorts, their newest:
La Luna. Vincent (1982) Created by Tim Burton, it was the first clamation style film. Claymation has since
been used in "The Nightmare Before Christmas", "Chicken Run", and many more. Tron (1982) Tron marks a milestone in animation through it's use of CGI's (computer generated images). The movie took
live characters and placed them into computer generated worlds. Tron Legacy (2010) used even more
advanced CGI techniques. Jurassic Park
(1993) Directed by Steven
Spielberg, it was a landmark using computer generated imagery to create living creatures. Toy Story (1995) Directed by John
Lasseter, it was a joint project between Disney and Pixar. It was the first
feature-length, entirely computer animated film. Avatar (2010) Directed by James
Cameron, who postponed the creation of the film from the 1990s. The movie used computer animation combined with motion capture techniques to create the spectacle. This has lead to a number of other fully computer animated films in the industry. He wanted to wait until video
technology had advanced more and would be suitable for his vision. An Animated
Journey 1800's 1900's 2000's Thanks for Watching!
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