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Citation Basics 030514

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Cheska Gacho

on 18 February 2015

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Transcript of Citation Basics 030514

Finally
Components of Citation: What to Look For
Citation Basics
Look for the following when citing:
Name of author(s)
Title of work
Publication information: year published, publisher, city of publisher
Page number(s)
Medium (web, print, etc.)
Why Cite?
Citation is an important part of scholarship and academia. It shows your engagement with the previous research and body of knowledge and it shows that you know how to judge information.

Citation shows that you know how to incorporate and synthesize different ideas from different places.

Citations give your papers credibility and shows your reader where you got your information. It helps you avoid
plagiarism
.
How do I cite this?!
Depending on the citation style you're working with, you will need to format the citation accordingly. Note that there are different citation formats depending on the type of source you are citing:
CGU Plagiarism
Policy
Style: Everyone's Got One!
Different fields and disciplines have their own formatting and citation style.
Chicago Manual of Style (CMS)
Turabian Style
Modern Language Association (MLA)
Association of Psychological Association (APA)
Journal of Buddhist Ethics (JBE), individual journal formatting and citation styles
http://www.cgu.edu/pages/903.asp
MLA
http://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/mla_examples.cfm
Chicago
APA
RELAX. Help is on the way!
Online resources: CGU Writing Center, OWL at Purdue, Style Manuals(!), Citation Managing Software/Programs, and more!
Joan Christodoulou, Francesca Gacho, & Christina Mesiti for the CGU Writing Center
In-text Citation: What & When to Cite
Standard Indirect Quote: Less than 40 words, includes author/s’ last name & year
The researcher discovers themes that emerge from the qualitative data (Glaser & Strauss, 1967).
Standard Direct Quote: Less than 40 words, includes author/s’ last name, year, & page number
According to Strauss and Corbin (1998), the researcher arrives at theory through “data, systematically gathered and analyzed” (p. 12).
Through the use of discriminate sampling, the researcher “chooses the sites, persons, and documents that will maximize opportunities for comparative analysis” (Strauss & Corbin, 1998, p. 211).

Non-tradition Direct Quote from On-line Source: Less than 40 words, author/s’ last name, year, and page number (or if page number not given, paragraph number if included)
Basu and Jones (2007) went so far as to suggest the need for a new “intellectual framework in which to consider the nature and form of regulation in cyberspace” (para. 4).
Note: example above from APA manual, 6th edition, page 172


Examples of APA In-Text Citations


Includes last name of author/s within the text or in the parenthetical citation
Example: According to Strauss and Corbin (1998), ... .
Includes the year immediately after the author/s last name enclosed in parenthesis
Example: According to Strauss and Corbin (1998), … .
Includes page number immediately after quoted text in the parenthetical citation
Example: According to Strauss and Corbin (1998), the researcher “chooses the sites, persons, and documents that will maximize opportunities for comparative analysis” (p. 211) leading to the emergence of themes.
Includes period after the parenthesis when the parenthetical citation is at the end of the sentence
Example: According to Strauss and Corbin (1998), the researcher arrives at theory through “data, systematically gathered and analyzed” (p. 12).

Basics of APA Citations


Standard Indirect Quote:
Include author/s’ last name & year
The researcher discovers themes that emerge from the qualitative data
(Glaser & Strauss, 1967)
.
Standard Direct Quote:
Less than 40 words, include author/s’ last name, year, & page number

According to Strauss and Corbin (1998)
, the researcher arrives at theory through
“data, systematically gathered and analyzed”
(p. 12)
.
Through the use of discriminate sampling, the researcher
“chooses the sites, persons, and documents that will maximize opportunities for comparative analysis”
(Strauss & Corbin, 1998, p. 211)
.

Nontraditional Direct Quote from On-line Source:
Less than 40 words, author/s’ last name, year, and page number (or if page number not given, paragraph number if included)

Basu and Jones (2007)
went so far as to suggest the need for a new “intellectual framework in which to consider the nature and form of regulation in cyberspace”
(para. 4)
.

Note: example above from APA manual, 6th edition, page 172

Examples of APA In-Text Citations
Includes last name of author/s within the text or in the parenthetical citation
Example:
According to Strauss and Corbin (1998), ... .
Includes the year immediately after the author/s last name enclosed in parenthesis
Example:
According to Strauss and Corbin (1998), … .
Includes page number immediately after quoted text in the parenthetical citation
Example:

According to Strauss and Corbin (1998)
, the researcher
“chooses the sites, persons, and documents that will maximize opportunities for comparative analysis”

(p. 211)
leading to the emergence of themes.
Includes period after the parenthesis when the parenthetical citation is at the end of the sentence

Example:

According to Strauss and Corbin (1998)
, the researcher arrives at theory through
“data, systematically gathered and analyzed”

(p. 12)
.

This shows rules for citing multiple authors: http://bit.ly/19VaQ1j

Basics of APA Citations
In-text citations are citations made within the body of the paper itself. This requires its own formatting as well. Each citation style has specific rules (about when to include title of the work, how to distinguish from authors with the same last name, etc.), so make sure consult your style manual.

Whenever you
directly quote
from a primary source or a reference, you have to cite in-text where the quoted material comes from.

Whenever you
paraphrase
another author's idea and you're referring exactly to a particular point.*

For the most part, you will need:
Author's last name
Year of publication
Page numbers
Contemporary Issues with Citation
Style manuals and citation formats change over time. For example, the Chicago Manual of Style is updated about every 10 years, while other style manuals are updated more frequently. This is a reflection of changing academic writing conventions, as well as advances in how and where we get our information.
Single Author Book Citation
(Bibliography)
:




Single Author Book Citation (In-Text/Footnote):



Single Author Journal Citation
(Bibliography)
:



Single Author Journal Citation (In-Text/Footnote):




Chicago Manual of Style Basics
Helpful Reference Links:

Chicago Manual of Style Quick Reference Sheet:
http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

OWL Purdue CMS Formatting Guide:
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/02/

OWL Purdue Side-by-side Reference Sheet:
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20110928111055_949.pdf
YouTube Video (Bibliography)
YouTube Video (Footnote/In-text)
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