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Lithium 101

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Mansi Patel

on 16 December 2013

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Transcript of Lithium 101

Basic Info
Atomic #: 3
Molar Mass: 6.94
Density: 0.53g/cm^2 at 20 C
Melting Point : 180.54 C / 453.69 K
Boiling Point: 1347 C /1615 K
Form: Alkaline Metal
Ionization energy: 520.2 kJ mol^-1
Electronegativity: 0.98 "pauling units"
Atom Info
Atomic Radius: 167 pm (picometres)
Ionic Radii: 90 pm
Nuclear structure:
Electron Configuration: 1s^22s^1
Ions: Li+1
Isotopes:
There are 9 isotopes.
Li4, Li5, Li6, Li7, Li8, Li9, Li10, Li11, Li12
The most common is Li7. It has 92,41% natural abundance. It is stable along with Li6.
Protons: 3 (for all)
Neutrons: Li4=1, Li5=3, Li6=3, Li7=4, Li8=5, Li9=6, Li10=7, Li11=8, Li12=9
History of Lithium
Once upon a time, there was a man named Johan August Arfvedson. The time was 1817, in Sweden, and Arfvedson was in his lab area. Earlier, he had stumbled upon petalite, which is LiAl(Si2O5)2, and now was doing an analysis on the petalite ore. While doing the analysis, he discovered lithium. He had broken the rock into smaller pieces and realized that he had discovered a whole new substance.
He named this substance Lithium. Lithium comes from the Greek word "lithos" which means stone. Since lithium was discovered from a stone, the name techniqually means from a stone.

How do we get lithium today? Today, lithium is recovered from brine pools / lithium mines in Chile, Argentine, USA, and China. The biggest is in Chile. Brine pools use salt evaporation pools to separate the metal from its none element state.

Lithium 101
Uses of Lithium
Rechargeable lithium ion batteries: These batteries have similar revolutionized consumers to computers and cell phones cause them to have high energy density
Aircraft parts: The metal is used as an alloy with Al, Cu, Mg, and Cd.
Medicine/drug: One of the ways is through lithium carbonate which is used to treat manic depression (bipolar disorder) and/or schizophrenia. This medication can take form in tablets, casules, or liquid. In other words, it is a mood-stabilizing drug.
Glass Lenses: Lithium is used the product of glass for glass lenses for glasses, telescopes,a nmd more.
Compounds
Experiment Time!!!!
Resources
Compound Examples:
Lithium acetate
Lithium borate
Lithium bromide
Lithium carbonate
Lithium chloride
Lithium citrate
Lithium flouride
Lihtium hydroxide
Lithium nitrate
Lithium sulphate
Lithium hydride
Elements it interacts with:
hydrogen
oxygen
bromine
flourine
nitrogen (only alkai metal to interact wiht halogen)
sulfur
chlorine
boron
tellurium
selenium
lithium (with hydrates)
iodine
Hsu, David D. "Lithium Element Facts."
Chemicool
. N.p.,
1996. Web. 05 Dec. 2013. <http://www.chemicool.com/elements/lithium/html>.
"Isotopes of the Element Lithium." Jefferson Lab. Thomas
Jefferson National Accelerator Facility-Office of Science Education, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2013. <http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/iso003.html>.
Monson, Kristi. "Lithium Uses." EMedTV. Clinaero, Inc., 2006. Web.
<http://bipolar-disorder.emedtv.com/lithium/lithium-uses.html>.
"Science Buzz." Lithium Futures. National Science Foundation, 2004.
Web. 02 Dec. 2013. <http://www.sciencebuzz.org/blog/lithium-futures>.
Wilbraham, Antony C. Prentice Hall Chemistry. Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2005. Print.
Winter, Mark. "Lithium." WebElements Periodic Table of
the Elements. N.p., 1993. Web. 02 Dec. 2013. <http://www.webelements.com/lithium/compounds.html>.
Lithium bromide
Mansi Patel


Josh Vincent


Daniela Castaneda
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