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Irony and Satire in Nineteen Eighty-Four

English Summative
by

Justin Burgess

on 31 May 2011

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Transcript of Irony and Satire in Nineteen Eighty-Four

Irony and Satire in Nineteen Eighty-Four What is Satire? Satire, Artistic form in which human or individual vices, folly, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to censure by means of ridicule, derision, burlesque, irony, or other methods, sometimes with an intent to bring about improvement. Juvenalian satire, in literature, any bitter and ironic criticism of contemporary persons and institutions that is filled with personal invective, angry moral indignation, and pessimism. The name alludes to the Latin satirist Juvenal, who, in the 1st century ad, brilliantly denounced Roman society, the rich and powerful, and the discomforts and dangers of city life. At the apex of the pyramid comes Big Brother. […] Below Big Brother comes the Inner Party, its numbers limited to six millions, or something less than two per cent of the population of Oceania. Below the Inner Party comes the Outer Party, which, if the Inner Party is described as the brain of the State, may be justly likened to the hands. Below that come the dumb masses whom we habitually refer to as ‘the proles’, numbering perhaps eighty-five per cent of the population. Part II, Ch IX, p. 216-217 It depicted simply an enormous face, more than a metre wide: the face of a man of about forty-five, with a heavy black moustache and ruggedly handsome features.
Part I, Ch. I, p. 3 Every success, every achievement, every victory, every scientific discovery, all knowledge, all wisdom, all happiness, all virtue, are held to issue directly from his leadership and inspiration.
Part II, Ch. IX, p. 216 O great Stalin,
O leader of the peoples,
Thou who broughtest man to birth.
Thou who fructifies the earth,
Thou who restorest to centuries,
Thou who makest bloom the spring,
Thou who makest vibrate the musical chords...
Thou, splendour of my spring, O thou,
Sun reflected by millions of hearts. Party VS Proles Until they become conscious they will never rebel, and until after they they have rebelled they cannot become conscious.
Part I Ch VII p 74

The proles are not human beings,
Part I Ch V p 57

Proles and animals are free.
Part I Ch VII p 75 Watch what you think The thought police would get him just the same. He had committed--would have committed, even if he had never set pen to paper--the essential crime that contained all others in itself. Thoughtcrime, they called it. Thoughtcrime was not a thing that could be concealed forever. You might dodge successfully for a while, even for years, but sooner or later they were bound to get you.
Part I Ch I p 21 The story began in the middle 'sixties, the period of the great purges in which the original leaders of the Revolution were wiped out once and for all. By 1970 none of them was left, except Big Brother himself. All the rest had by that time been exposed as traitors and counter-revolutionaries.
Part I Ch VII p 78 Rewriting the Past The reporting of Big Brother’s Order for the Day in the Times of December 3rd 1983 is extremely unsatisfactory and makes references to non-existent persons. Re-write it in full and submit your draft to higher authority before filing.
Part I, Ch. IV, p. 47 Your name was removed from the registers, every record of everything you had ever done was wiped out, your one-time existence was denied and then forgotten.
Part I, Ch. I, p. 21 Irony Irony, language device, either in spoken or written form in which the real meaning is concealed or contradicted by the literal meanings of the words (verbal irony) or in a situation in which there is an incongruity between what is expected and what occurs. Ministry of Love

One did not know what happened inside the Ministry of Love, but it was possible to guess: tortures, drugs, delicate instruments that registered your nervous reactions, gradual wearing-down by sleeplessness and solitude and persistent questioning.
Part II Ch VII p 174 Ministry of Peace

The Ministry of Peace, which concerned itself with war.
Part I Ch I p 6 Ministry of Plenty

As short a time ago as February, the Ministry of Plenty had issued a promise that there would be no reduction of the chocolate ration during 1984. Actually, as Winston was aware, the chocolate ration was to be reduced from thirty grammes to twenty at the end of the present week.
Part I Ch III p 41-42 Ministry of Truth

Most of the material you were dealing with had no connection with anything in the real world, not even the kind of connection that is contained in a direct lie. Statistics were just as much a fantasy in their original version as in their rectified version. A great deal of the time you were expected to make them up out of your head.
Part I Ch III p 43 O'Brien VS Julia He felt deeply drawn to him, and not solely because he was intrigued by the contrast between O’Brien’s urbane manner and his prizefighter’s physique. Much more it was because of a secretly-held belief-or perhaps not even a belief, merely a hope-that O’Brien’s political orthodoxy was not perfect.[...] But at any rate he had the appearance of being a person that you could talk to, if somehow you could cheat the telescreen and get him alone.
Part I Ch. I p. 13 Winston had disliked her from the very first moment of seeing her. He knew the reason. It was because of the atmosphere of hockey-fields and cold baths and community hikes and general clean-mindedness which she managed to carry about with her.[...]The idea had even crossed his mind that she might be an agent of the thought police. Part I Ch I p 12 ‘They got me a long time ago,’ said O’Brien with a mild, almost regretful irony. [...] ‘You knew this Winston,’ said O’Brien. ‘Don’t deceive yourself. You did know it-you have always known it.’ Part III Ch I p 250-251 I love you.
Part II Ch I p 113 The peculiar reverence for O’Brien, which nothing seemed able to destroy, flooded Winston’s heart again. How intelligent, he thought, how intelligent! Part III Ch III p 286 I betrayed you
Part III Ch VI p 305 Bibliography

Orwell, George. Nineteen eighty-four. 61. London, England: Penguin Books, 1990. Print.

"satire." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 26 May. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/524958/satire>.

"Juvenalian satire." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 26 May. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/308986/Juvenalian-satire>.

"irony." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 30 May. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/294609/irony>.

Kreis, Steven. "Stalin and the "Cult of Personality"." The History Guide. N.p., 13 May 2004. Web. 26 May 2011. <http://www.historyguide.org/europe/cult.html>.

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