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THEATRE HISTORY

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by

Jessica Salmans

on 2 September 2016

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Transcript of THEATRE HISTORY

500-1200 AD
2015
600 BC
1300-1600AD
BASIC THEATRE HISTORY
Ancient Theatre
Typically, when we think of ANCIENT THEATRE or where Western Theatre began, we think of GREEK THEATRE.
Medieval Theatre
When the Catholic Church began to spread to much of the world, the Priests were not so thrilled with the bawdy plays being produced. Greek style theatre was BANNED in the 7th century. So, instead of people going to the theatre, the theatre came to the people. Groups of singers, storytellers, jugglers, etc. would tour around and perform for people out in public. This would be similar to how we still have street performers today. Meanwhile, the Church realized that drama could be a very powerful storytelling tool, particularly since many people could not read. Larger productions, then, were performed in churches or by groups of players who would perform Bible Stories for the public.
Renaissance Theatre
Elizabethan Theatre, at the END of this era, was the most popularly known part of Renaissance theatre because of WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE who lived and wrote plays during this time.
Kabuki Theatre
Modern Theatre - Musicals
Evolution of
Western Theatre

Eastern Theatre
Dionysus
Masks
Myths
Hero/Hubris
Built into Hillsides
Comedy
Tragedy
Satyr
ASSIGNMENT:
Greek Theatre Worksheet
Take Notes on your Timeline Worksheet
These will go in your Interactive Drama Folder

So, the Greek plays also were religious plays who taught us what NOT do to by watching a mighty person fall due to his/her pride.
Medieval or Middle Ages plays taught mankind to look to the Christian God and to live a life in accordance with the Bible's teachings.
ASSIGNMENT
Middle Ages Worksheet
When you are finished, turn the completed worksheet in to your basket.
http://prezi.com/mk6hsj87ucg5/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy&rc=ex0share
Watch this Great Presentation on The Globe
Assignment
Build Your Own Globe Theatre
When finished, make sure your name is on the project and put it on the back bookshelf.
Assignment
Musical Worksheet
When you're finished, turn the completed worksheet in to your basket.
Once this is finished, turn it in
to your basket.
http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/interactives/greece/theater/stageTragedy.html
Animate and Create Your Own Greek Tragedy!
OPTIONAL EXTRA CREDIT:
Assignment
When you are done, turn it in to your basket.
Makeup is one of the most important parts of Kabuki theater. Each actor applies his own makeup, with the process of applying makeup allowing the actor to get to know the character he plays. First, the actor applies oils and waxes on his face to help the makeup stick to the skin. Then a thick coat of white makeup called oshiroi is put on to cover the whole face. The white face creates a dramatic look onstage, and many historians believe that the white faces were more easily seen in the centuries before stages were lit with electricity. The oshiroi is made of rice powder, and different shades of white are used depending on the age, class, and gender of the character. On this white face, red and black lines are used to outline the eyes and mouth, which are also shaped differently for male and female characters.



For supernatural heroes and villains, which appear frequently in Kabuki plays, there is a special style of makeup called kumadori. Kumadori is made up of dramatic lines and shapes applied in different colors, each representing different qualities. The most commonly used colors are dark red, which represents anger, passion, or cruelty, and dark blue, which represents sadness or depression. Other common colors are pink, representing youth or cheerfulness; light blue or green, representing calm; purple for nobility; brown for selfishness; and black for fear. There are about a hundred different mask-like styles of kumadori makeup.

The makeup of Kabuki actors is considered such an important aspect of the performance that it is common for actors to press a silk cloth to their faces to make a print of their makeup when the play is over. These cloth face-prints become valued souvenirs of the Kabuki performance.

DESIGN YOUR OWN KABUKI VILLAIN!
Using the blank face provided, design your own Kabuki Villain makeup. Think about colors, angles, lines, shapes, etc.
When it is done, put your name on it and turn it in to your basket.
HAVE FUN &
BE CREATIVE!
*A great way to review Greek Theatre History, how people dressed in Ancient Greek, what the architectures looked like, how they told stories, and what the Hero's Journey looks like is to watch Disney's Hercules!
While the plays being performed in the churches began small with only Priests performing, as they grew in popularity they also grew in size and complexity. The plays got so large they had to move into the church yards. Additionally, the plays began to take up too much of the priests' time, so they turned the productions over to the leading townspeople.
They also came up with a system to move these plays from town to town. They used a system of
PAGEANT WAGONS
. A pageant wagon was a mini-stage built onto a rolling wagon. Each wagon would be for a specific
trope
(short Bible story).
The Pageant Wagon system is similar to...
Parade floats! Even though most of today's parades aren't about Bible stories, there are still decorated wagons carrying performers.
ASSIGNMENT
Make sure your name is on it and turn it in to your basket when done.
ASSIGNMENT
We are going to watch a musical in class. You will be required to answer worksheet questions as we go and then after the musical is over, you will answer the essay questions.
Turn your work into your basket when it is complete.
ASSIGNMENT:
Choose any TWO time periods from the time line and complete a Venn Diagram for them.
ANTIGONE, A Greek Tragedy
Let's look at the formula:
Creon was the King of Thebes.
In his pride, he decided to flout the gods and not give his nephew Polynieces a holy burial. In his pride, he would not listen to his son and have mercy on Antigone. In his pride, he listened too late to the prophet Tiresius causing the deaths of Antigone, Haemon (his son), and his wife.
Don't be like Creon. Don't let spite get in the way of honoring the gods. Don't cause the deaths of your own family.
Masks were an extremely important
part of Greek Theatre. Why?
Choose any character from Antigone and design his/her mask. You will need to research Greek Masks on your iPad. You may use the template provided or start from scratch. DO NOT CUT YOUR MASK OUT and make sure your name is on the back. When finished, turn it in to your basket.
In 2012, London
PERFORMANCE: You will perform either a scene or a monologue from Antigone.
http://ed.ted.com/lessons/kabuki-the-people-s-dramatic-art-amanda-mattes
Click the link for a TED-Ed short overview of Kabuki:
BONUS MATERIAL!!! Bunraku is the name of this amazingly beautiful Japanese Puppet Theatre Style. It has been practiced for hundreds of years! These puppets are like nothing you've seen before...
Short Bunraku Performance Video
Quick Detour: Commedia dell'Arte
Full transcript