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The Elizabethan Age

Elizabethan Age: general information, Elizabeth I., Tudors, exploration, expansion, Sir Francis Drake, culture, education, superstition, role of men and women, religion, wheel of fortune


on 12 January 2016

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Transcript of The Elizabethan Age

Content General information About Queen Elizabeth I. (*1535 †1603) "I have already joined myself in marriage to a husband, namely the kingdom of England." The Elizabethan age of exploration & expansion motives:
search for adventure
crusading spirit
acquire wealth, fame and power
-> explore new sea routes
improvements in navigation Culture ( Theatre, Music , Sports) - traveling musicians
-fairs, plays, festivals, tournaments, sport competitions, hunting and hawking
--> card games and gambling represented an important component of peoples leisure only played by Upper classes
--> people looked forward to holidays Religion Superstition - saw the world as a delicate balance, with spirits
of good and evil in close proximity
- believed in witches & magicians, ghosts, the devil, fairies & goblins ...
- believed that certain actions would invite good or bad luck
- to keep bad luck away -> knock on wood
- to invite death -> keep your shoes on the table
-> sympathetic magic The Wheel of Fortune Education -generally for boys of the upper and middle classes
--> most elementary level of education was conduced for boys between 5 and 7 at a Petty school general education in the theaters house
- the children of a noble birth were invariably taught by tutors at home but, from the age of 7 to 14
- children of a lower standing went to grammar schools - Queen Mary I (r.1553-1558):
- believed passionately in the Catholic religion
- persecuted Protestants who were burned alive
for their beliefs
- nickname: "Bloody Mary"

- Queen Elizabeth I (r.1558-1603) :
- restored Protestantism as the official
religion -> Church of England
- people should be allowed to practice the
Catholic religion without fear of
recrimination - fate (or fortune) was the main controlling force in life
- wheel moves from a low to a high position or from high to
low, so does a man’s life
- there was no way of knowing where the wheel would stop,
where fortune would lead - Elizabeth addressing the Parliament Queen of England & Ireland from 1558 – 1603
fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty
daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
troubled early life
no marriage (-> no heir)
good education
popular & still admired "The Virgin Queen" Elizabethan Age The Spanish Armada height of the English Renaissance
poetry, music, literature
theatre (Shakespeare)
exploration & expansion
-> naval triumph over Spain
strengthening of the Anglican Church
internal peace
national pride
improving economic standards Theatre
-Popular Topics in theaters were historical aspects, common tragedies and comedies- with playwrights like William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe actors and theatres were constantly busy
1) The Players
2) Acting style
3) The audience --> Ideal beauty in the Elizabethan age
-pale skin
- fair hair
- red lips
- skinny waist
--> Role of woman in Elizabethan age
- inferior to men
- have to remain faithful and obedient
- judged by outer appearance
--> Role of men in the Elizabethan age
- superior to women
- reputation( Ansehen) is important as well as honor "Golden Age" in English history - John Guy (1988) "England was economically healthier, more expansive, and more optimistic under the Tudors than at any time in a thousand years." 1558–1603 Who was Sir Francis Drake? (*1540 †1596) second circumnavigation of the world
second-in-command against the Spanish Armada
Hero to the English
-> attacks against Spanish ports raiding of Spanish settlements
1600: Foundation of the East India Company
first attempts to settle overseas
-> exploring the "New World"
Jamestown 1607 | Bermuda 1609 | Newfoundland 1610 Virginia conflicts between England & Spain:
Protestant | Roman Catholic
rivals in trade
belief that Elizabeth was illegitimate
-> several plots to dethrone her
English pirates plundered Spanish ships Elizabeth I. <-> Philip II. 1585 preparation for an invasion of England purpose: - put Mary/Isabella to the throne
- make England Catholic 1588 the great Armada (more than 100 Spanish ships) England defeated the most powerful country in the world general information
Queen Elizabeth I.
Elizabethan time of exploration & expansion
ideal beauty, role of women & men
"Wheel of Fortune" "El Draque" rise of capitalism
prosperity little interest in the New World until Elizabeth I. A presentation made by Lea, Natalie & Hannah
Full transcript