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Enders Game-Chapter 14

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Delilah Tom

on 1 April 2014

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Transcript of Enders Game-Chapter 14

2.How did they manage to keep Mazar Reckham around for 70 years so he could be Ender's teacher. What did it cost him?
They had kept Mazer Rackham alive via a relativity maneuver, making him only age eight years while the earth passed fifty years. He was kept alive to teach the upcoming commander all he (Mazer Rackham) new about the buggers and some of his own strategies. Though, Mazer Rackham wanted to command one of the starships that were launched to the home planets of the buggers.
Admiral Chamrajnagar welcomes Colonel Graff to I.F. command by questioning the three month vacation that he let Ender take. Graff counters by explaining why it was important to remind Ender how precious Earth is, and convince him that it is worth fighting for. Ender spends his time alone or with Graff, occasionally taking classes but mostly working with the simulator. In this game Ender gradually masters each level. After a year Ender finds it easy, and he says so to Graff.
The next day Ender meets Mazer Rackham and learns that he will be Enders teacher from now on because he is the only person who is able to defeat Ender. Mazer Rackham has a brilliant mind, and Ender respects that. Rackham explains how he took a relativistic trip in order to be alive to train the commander of the Third Invasion. Together they watch tapes of the First and Second Invasions. Rackham explains different tactics that they used in the war, and how they won. Rackham also explains modern weapons to Ender as well as the one advantage humans have over buggers: every pilot is a thinking being; therefore we have the advantage of being able to carry out many more strategies at once than the buggers.
Ender is moved into a new simulator where he is to command an entire fleet, this time with three-dozen real squadron leaders made up of all his best friends and opponents from Battle School. Rackham tells him that he is preparing more and more complex simulations and that Ender cannot quit because winning is everything. Ender devotes his days to practicing and fighting battles with his squadrents. Ender is lonely and tired, but he does not stop. He is a commander, not a friend, to his leaders. Ender dreams strange dreams about the buggers and he has difficulty sleeping. He breaks down physically once, and he wakes up in time to win a battle and go back to sleep. He fights when awake and then sleeps, and the days blend together. Then one day Mazer tells him that the battle will be his final examination in Command School. Ender is happy to hear that because he is tired of it all. Then he sees the battle; he feels anger because he realizes he is vastly outnumbered and it seemed like this battle was designed for him to fail. He does not even want to play but decides that he will win an unfair battle rather than be beaten unfairly. Ender wins the battle by destroying the planet that the enemy lived on using Dr.Device, and the room explodes in cheers. Rackham tells him that he has actually been the fleet commander of the Third Invasion and all the “simulation battles” he’s been playing were actually real. Ender is angry with Rackham and Graff for using him. He did not want to hurt anyone and now has destroyed an entire race without his knowledge. Ender sleeps through the five days of war on earth and when he awakens his friends are there to update him on events and tell him the Locke Proposal (put forth by Peter to settle the war) has been accepted.


3. What things did humanity learn from the Buggers?
The human race had learned new strategies to communicate while far apart during space war. They had made a new machinery called the Philotic Parallax Instantaneous Communicator which allowed ships with great distance between each other to communicate when needed.
Mazer Rackham succeeded when he blew up the queen bugger's ship and as a result wiped out all of her worker buggers. While commanding a small reserve fleet, Mazer recognized that the arrangements of the formic fleet were always around one specific area; the Queen's ship. After the queen was killed, the rest of the Buggers simply became lifeless and eventually died. In the center of a crowded and packed battle, Rackham recognized which ship held the Bugger queen. He cut and sliced through the Buggers' simple tactics, and recognized the centre of their attack;the queen. When Rackham spotted the ship and destroyed it, all Buggers everywhere went passive, and their bodies went limp. It seemed that one bugger which was the Queen, controls all of the other buggers. As one got destroyed all of the other buggers were destroyed along with her. I also realized that Mazer also guesses that the First Invasion was a experiment to see how we react, but the Second was a colony, and this is why they may have brought a queen. “It's as if they really couldn't believe, until it was too late, that I would actually kill the queen. Maybe in their world, queens are never killed, only captured, and only checkmated. I did something they didn't think an enemy would ever do." (Ender's Game, Orson Scott Card). This here proved that he did win the second invasion. It seems that Mazer Rackham is the warrior who is official for defeating the Buggers during the Second Formic Invasion all alone.
" The buggers probably killed people in the first invasion because the didn't think of the people as individuals; it would be 'like clipping your nails' to them" (14.139)
Enders Teacher-Chapter 14
Dr. Device also known as the Molecular Detachment Device, M.D. Device or Little Doctor is
a powerful weapon that is capable of destroying a planet. This device, as described in Ender's Game, is a ``device used to generate an atomic state in which electrons cannot be shared``. When this happens, the molecule goes into different atoms, which then basically makes a chain reaction in a circular area. It is a weapon that makes it impossible for any two atoms to exist in a molecule, or even more powerful than anything that the Buggers have. At the main point there were two shafts of lights, which creates a field in which molecules can't hold together. The main part spreads out in a circle, but it gets weaker the farther it spreads. This was said by Mazer in the book. "And if their ships are too close together, it can set up a chain that wipes them all out. Then the field dies down, the molecules come back together, and where you had a ship, you now have a lump of dirt with a lot of iron molecules in it. No radioactivity, no mess, just dirt. We may be able to trap them close together on the first battle, but they learn fast. They'll keep their distance from each other. So Dr. Device isn't a missile -- I can't shoot around corners. That's right. Missiles wouldn't do any good now. We learned a lot from them in the First Invasion, but they also learned from us -- how to set up the Ecstatic Shield, for instance". This was said in the book to specifically tell the reader what the Dr. Device is and how it works. (Ender's Game, Orson Scott Card). To open up the text it is a conversation between Ender and Mazer Rackham when they were taking a look at the videos. The Dr. Device also enters the shield as if it weren’t there. You can't see through the shield to aim and focus the beams, but since the generator of the Ecstatic Shield is always in the particular center, it isn't hard to figure it out. This also was something that Ender has been using but hasn’t really noticed it, because the computer does it for him because the shipboard computers are better at aiming the Doctor than Ender is. And last the Dr. Device is named the way it is because when it was first created, it was generally called a "Molecular Detachment Device or a M.D. Device". The initials of M.D stand for Medical Doctor, too.
Question 7
8. What are some of the signs that constant pressure is wearing on Ender and his squad leaders?
Roughly halfway through this chapter Ender was assigned his position as commanding in the “simulator games” and was told to lead and guide the squad leaders to victory. The squad leaders had very little time to just rest due to the fact that they were constantly practicing and being pushed to do their best. Ender pushed himself even farther in an effort to prove himself; unlike the others he gave himself no time to rest, he was constantly watching videos to further improve his fleets formations and strategies. As I was reading the chapter I began thinking that a breakdown of one the squadrent leader was inevitable, and I was right. Petra was the first to be pushed beyond her limits, and many of the others were soon to follow. There were also signs of the pressure effecting Ender as well. He slept restlessly; his dreams were haunted with negative memories from his past or new twisted nightmares, causing his to feel vulnerable, scared and unsure about his actions.
9.'But as thier trust in Ender as a commmander grew, their friendship...gradually disappeared...Ender was their teacher and commander, as distant from them as Mazer was from him" (282). Why must Ender be isolated from his friends? what dangers could arise from having "friendship" with those you must lead?
Isolating himself from his peers benefits both them and himself, in terms of being a good commander and leaders. If Ender becomes soft and more lenient it will lessen the pressure on squad leaders to push themselves and do their best. By being a teacher figure in their lives he can be as cold and harsh towards them as he wants, without getting involved into any type of drama that could deteriorate them and prevent them from succeeding.

The biggest danger that can arise from having a “friendship” with those you must lead is the fact that the commander (Ender) develops feeling for them and starts to care for them. This could be deadly in battle because Enders feelings towards his friends could affect his judgement and cause him to make the wrong calls to spare a few lives, but ultimately, potentially causing billions of deaths.

Question 10
Is genocide, or in the case of enders game where an entire alian race is annihilated (xenocide), ever justified? was the genocide (xenocide) of the Buggers inevitable? Why?
12. What happens to Earth as soon as the Bugger war is over? Were Peter and Valentine right? Why is Ender potentially in danger?
At the end of this chapter the kids finally get to express their opinions, and they express about what they think will happen to them. At the end of chapter 14, the kids think that they will get send back to school because apparently it’s a law. As Petra mentioned this, they all started laughing to the point they all started crying. We're kids, said Petra. "They'll probably make us go to school. It's a law. You have to go to school till you're seventeen. They all laughed at that. Laughed until tears streamed down their faces." This was a quote in the book that tells the reader what they think will happen to them at the end of chapter 14.
Peter was right. Twenty-four hours had hardly passed after the bugger war when another war was erupting on planet earth. The Americans claiming the Warsaw pact is about to attack and the Warsaw pact saying the same about the Hegemon. Ender is in danger because the Warsaw pact want Ender dead.
Alaxander the Great

Alaxander the Great refers to Peter and his ambitions to “rule the world” and obtain power, similarly to how Alexander the Great successfully conquering more than half the world due to his craving for power.

Instead of Ender training with the toon leaders, with his launchies or with the commander him/her self, he is now training with Mazer Rackham who had defeated the buggers in the secound invasion. The training is much more difficult for Ender but he learns more than he did with the other soldiers in the battle school. He also uses a simulator in which he leads a virtual army to attack the bugger army.
Ender now, as we know, trains using a simulator which is used to connect to his virtual army and destroys the bugger society. He doesn't train with other kids much like he did in battle school. Ender is now more isolated from the others in Eros.
Ender is isolated from the others at Eros, thus making it hard for him to make friends, Ender had made friends. At Battle school, Ender has made friends, most having dream of becoming commander once, like Ender. But, at Eros, the opportunity for Ender to have comradeship with other is not that likely.
The buggers look at the human beings as mindless creatures not knowing that Humans are a living creature. They look at Humans, the way humans look at the buggers. According to Mazer, people not being a hive creature is a big advantage for us, because a group of buggers can only have one idea but every human induvidual has an idea of they're own.
Based on what I read from Ender Game, it is never explained or justified why the human race wants to eliminate the Buggers. There is the obvious reason that most people seem to believe; they have come to invade our planet, therefore we must fight back and defend ourselves. Although that may be true it is never confirmed, and cannot ever be confirmed or denied due to the fact that there is no way for the human race to communicate with the Buggers to figure out there true intensions because "The buggers don't talk. They think to each other, and it's instantaneous” (206). Therefore the genocide of the buggers was never justified. I think the genocide of the Buggers could have been avoided if we had developed a means to communicate with them, and proceed with a diplomatic approach.
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