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Anglo-Saxons

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by

Savannah Friedberg

on 29 January 2014

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Transcript of Anglo-Saxons


Literature
GOVERNMENT
Religion
Culture
Ye Olde Anglo Saxon

Research Project BY:
Daniel, Matt, & Savannah

Literature
Culture
Government
Religion
Otherwise referred to as "Old English"
from England in mid-5th century to the decades after the Norman Conquest of 1066
These works include genres such as epic poetry, hagiography, sermons, Bible translations, legal works, chronicles, riddles, etc.
bibliography
"Anglo-Saxon Literature." Princeton University. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2014.

"Anglo Saxon Beliefs." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2014.
Anglo-Saxon poetry survives almost entirely in FOUR manuscripts.

Beowulf is the oldest surviving Germanic epic and the longest Old English poem


other works include The Wanderer, The Seafarer, The Battle of Maldon, and the Dream of the Rood.
Anglo-Saxon culture emerged as a result of the many violent invasions the British Isles
experienced between year 55 B.C. and about year 800 A.D.


In 55 B.C, Celtic warriors fought off a Roman invasion of the British Isles lead by Julius Caesar. Caesar claimed his invasion a success before fleeing the Isles, leaving the Britons [inhabitants of the British Isles] in a temporary state of peace. A century later, Caesar returned to the Isles to make good of his claim, eventually introducing Britain as a new province of the Great Roman Empire. The conquer of Britain by Caesar led to urbanization of the Briton's culture; introducing cities, roads, written scholarship, and eventually Christianity as the dominant religion.

-in their early days, they were pagans
-the king of the Anglo Saxon gods was Woden
-they were superstitious
-in AD 597 the Pope decided it was time for the Anglo
Saxons to hear about Christianity
-He managed to convert the A.S King to Christianity
-over the next century most turned to Christianity
-a plethora of churches were built
Thunor
Tiw
Constantly defending their homeland, the Anglo-Saxons culture was built around war and violence.

Anglo-Saxons originated from England, Scandinavia, Rome, and many other European nations.

Because the Anglo-Saxons were always fighting or preparing to fight, their culture was very basic. Most of Anglo-Saxon living was either fighting, farming, working.

Anglo Saxon Church -
Anglo Saxon Words:
Similar to our current days of the week
Got Ideas to seperate seasons
into weeks from Romans
Anglo saxon roots, in commonly used words today
The Anglo-Saxon's government was extremely aristocratic.

Royal Authority was very limited.

Grown as independent people, Anglo-Saxon rule was reliant on persuasion and reward of the 'Hearth' by the King, rather than brute force.

The king was the head of state and viewed as the "wiseman"

"Ealdorman" made the laws

"Fryd" was the armed force


Purpose of literature was to pass along tribal history and values to a population who could not read or write

Warriors would gather in mead halls where "scops" ( performers) and their assistants (gleemen) would recite poems or songs for hours or even days as a form of entertainment or ceremonial occasions

These poems were made very catchy so they could easily be recalled and thus retold

These poems surely consisted of the use of kennings, alliteration, and
rhymes

Literature such as epic poems show the influence of Christianity and pagan beliefs such as the freedom of decision making and fate handling matters of life and death
"The Online Library of Liberty." Online Library of Liberty. N.p., n.d. Web.
29 Jan. 2014.
"Avalon Project - The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle." Avalon Project - The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. N.p., n.d. Web. 29
Jan. 2014.
Holt McDougal. Textbook.
Literature based on Christian or Pagan religion beliefs
Christians believed in one God and in Heaven
Pagans believed in many gods and in fate, which meant everything in life was predetermined and nobody had control over it



Literature involved heroicadventures, gore, violence, and boasting
"Home Page." Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2014.

"The Voice That Brought Beowulf." The Medieval Scop. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2014.

had brutal corporal and capital punishments at their disposal, including 'the ordeal' and grisly mutilations
The kings of Wessex gradually became the dominant rulers and eventually controlled all of England because they were the only kingdom to survive the Viking invasion.
Kingdoms began to expand and merge until by the tenth century three main kingdoms remained: Mercia, Wessex, and Northumberland.
Government was big on freedom, with no real sense of strain from a written document
The Anglo-Saxon legal system rested on the fundamental opposition between folkright and privilege.
The feudal system in the Anglo-Saxon period were called wergleds, which set a monetary value on each person's life according to their wealth and social status.
Full transcript