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Jupiter

Some information about Jupiter.
by

Joel W

on 24 June 2010

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Transcript of Jupiter

Jupiter By Joel Wong Why is Jupiter called what it is? Jupiter is named after the Roman king of gods, Jupiter because it is the largest planet in our solar system. How big is Jupiter? Jupiter's diameter is 142 984 km. That's over 11 times Earth's diameter! It is also 1 tenth of the diameter of the sun. To fill the volume of Jupiter you would need over 1000 Earths! How far away from the Sun is Jupiter? Jupiter is the fifth planet from the sun. It's distance away from the sun is about 778 570 000 km. That's about five times the distance that Earth is away from the Sun! What is Jupiter made of? Jupiter is made of gas and liquid. There is almost no solid area on Jupiter. Jupiter is made of clouds that are red, white, yellow and brown. The atmosphere of Jupiter is made of about 86% hydrogen and 14% helium. What is the temperature range on Jupiter? The temperature on the edge of the clouds on Jupiter is -145°C. Below the clouds, where the atmospheric pressure is ten times as strong as Earth's atmospheric pressure, the temperature is 21 C. Scientists think that if there was life on Jupiter, then it would live in this area. The core of Jupiter is about 24 000°C. The mass of all matter on Jupiter is 318 times heavier than the mass of all matter on Earth. The average mass on Jupiter is 1.33 grams per cubic centimetre - slightly more than water. That's about 1 quarter of the density of Earth.
How strong is the gravity on Jupiter? The gravity on Jupiter's surface is 2.4 times as strong as the gravity on Earth. That means that if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 240 pounds on Jupiter! What is Jupiter's orbit and how long does it take to rotate? Jupiter goes around the sun every 4 333 days or almost 12 Earth years. Jupiter rotates every 9 hours and 56 minutes. It is the fastest rotation in our solar system. Who discovered Jupiter and when? Jupiter was discovered by Galileo on January 10th, 1610. How many satellites does Jupiter have and what are the main moons? Jupiter has 16 satellites that are over 10 km in diameter. Jupiter also has 4 "main" satellites that are known as the Galileon satellites. The four galileon satellites are Europa , Ganymede, Io and Callisto. Jupiter had 63 known moons as of February 2004.
What space missions are there to Jupiter? Because of this fast rotation, Jupiter is 7% larger in diameter at the equator than between the north and south pole. What space missions have explored Jupiter? The U.S. has sent six probes to Jupiter. The first probe - named the Pioneer 10 - was sent to Jupiter in 1972. What are the "key" features of Jupiter? Jupiter has something called the "Great Red Spot" on its surface. The red spot is like a hurricane. It is gas spinning around in a circle. The diameter of the Great Red Spot is about three times the diameter of Earth. The spot is usually red or brown. Sometimes the great red spot cannot be seen because it fades away. The red colour of the great red spot may be because of sulfur and ammonia in it. The great red spot never moves towards or away from the equator of Jupiter - only east and west. Jupiter also has some very light coloured rings surrounding it. What else is interesting about Jupiter? Jupiter has a very large magnetosphere. The magnetosphere damaged some of the equipment on various probes that went to Jupiter. The magnetosphere also protects Jupiter from solar winds. At the edge of the great red spot, the wind spinning is going about 360 km/h. The magnetosphere extends 650 000 000 km into space - past saturn! Thanks for Watching! I hope you learned something about Jupiter! References http://www.nasa.gov/worldbook/jupiter_worldbook.html http://nineplanets.org/jupiter.html It is also called Zeus, Jupiter's greek equivalent. http://www.easypedia.gr/el/articles/j/u/p/%CE%95%CE%B9%CE%BA%CF%8C%CE%BD%CE%B1~Jupiter_Earth_Comparison.png_1066.html http://www.ukspaceagency.bis.gov.uk/Discovering-Space/Our-Solar-System/8031.aspx?pf=1 http://www.utahskies.org/report/20020329/20020329weekly.html http://www.bible-history.com/sketches/ancient/jupiter-roman-god.html http://www.astro.psu.edu/users/niel/astro1/slideshows/class41/slides-41.html http://www.celestiamotherlode.net/catalog/jupiter.php Jupiter is over twice as big in mass as all the planets in the solar system put together(excluding itself). http://www.universetoday.com/guide-to-space/jupiter/size-of-jupiter/
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