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AS Stuart Britain and the Crisis of Monarchy

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Steven Boot

on 4 July 2018

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Transcript of AS Stuart Britain and the Crisis of Monarchy

James I

Stuart Britain and the Crisis of Monarch

Background and
Power and Parliament

P- Point
E - Evidence
A - Analysis
R - Refer

Character, court and
Foreign Policy
The Treasury and Finance

King Charles I

Background and
Power and Parliament
Foreign Policy
The Treasury

The English Civil War
1642 - 1649

AFL Corner
2 part
Key Questions
1,How far did the Monarchy change?
2,To what extent and why was power more widely shared during this period?
3, Why and with what results were there disputes over religion?
4,How effective was opposition?
5, How important were ideas and ideology?
6, How important was the role of key individuals and groups and how were they affected by developments?
George Villiers
Stuart Britain and the Crisis of Monarchy
What do you already know?
Review and Refine

Historical Key Words

A, Whig
B, Marxist
C, Revisionist
D, Post –Revisionists

2, Read the appropriate text and
complete the table.

3, Be ready to share your findings with the class.

4, Why is this important?

5, Who is right?

6, Why do we have so many interpretations?

The King

The Council – both of them!


The Church

The British People

Who had the power?

Rest of population

Political Nation


Rest of population

Political Nation


1, Use the text given to you and your own research to make a presentation for the rest of the class on your chosen topic

2, Upload the presentations to the Google folder for the class. Get ready to present to the class.

3. What is it important to take this into account when studying Stuart Britain??Why

The British Kingdoms

Religious Divisions
a, European reformation
b, Britain and the effects of reformation.

Population and Economy

Society and Government
a,King and his Power
b, The structure of Goverment
c, The importance of Patronage
d, The function and Powers of Parliament.

The Tudor Legacy - PSE

1592 – Sebastian Munter

1596 – Thomasso Porccchi

Extract from Civil war by Peter Ackroyd

Chapter 6: The Vapors

The Vapours

The early years and accession the throne.

King James I

Financial Weakness

James’ Parliaments

(Thirty Years War)

Relations with Parliament

1603 - 1629

1604-11 First Parliament

1614 – Second Parliament

1621-22 Third Parliament

1624 – Fourth Parliament

Jimmy the First and Parliament

Individuals? Events? Ideas?
People? Social? Political? Economic?

Session 3 and 4;

Britain in 1603:

UCL Academy - Collaboration and LS

Log onto your Google accounts and open drive.
You should find a group document titled 'Britain in 1603'.
Read your handout and makes notes onto the document. How can we best take notes?
Once you have finished use the tech to further your research.
Be prepared to share your findings with the class.
HL -
Use the Google Doc to answer this question
: What were the key PSE features
of England in 1603?
Who was James I?

A 'marvellous mind' or the 'wisest fool'?

Read and annotate the two sources about James I.
Identify the good and bad qualities of James I.
How might the PSE climate in England and James' Character cause problems? Or not?
What were the key PSE features
of England in 1603?

What implications would this have on Monarchy?
HL: Read and annotate the handouts. Then, carry out research on you chosen topic. Bring finding to next class and be prepared to share.
Click here to get a powerpoint presentation on the rein of James I:

I can....

1, Describe and explain Britain in 1603.

2, Analyze and compare different interpretations of James I.

3, Make inferences and hypothesize how England might react to James I.
Religion - Key word

Find and write down a definition for the follwoing key words:

Recusancy Fines
Martin Luther

Starter: Read the boxes on James I and George I and identify the key differences between their Reigns.
Write them down!
What sort of King would James have to be?
Session 5 and 6

I can....

explain how the lessons will be divided into research and record and master classes.

Carry out effective
research and record
to AS standard.

Organize a project as a LS.

Identify key features of the
Political Nation
under James I and Charles I.

Driving Question
Sub-Research Questions

Credibility + Relevance = Value
Key words for Source Analysis

: What is the source/information worth? Is it worthy of use as information?

: Does it provide relevant information for finding out about the topic

or focus?

: How trustworthy, reliable is the information?

Ability to see
: What access does the author have to the whole picture?

Vested interest
: What is the author's purpose?

Expertise: Does the author know what they are talking about? Do they have

access to the facts?

: Is the author neutral, with no vested interest?

: Does the source exist to 1) inform 2) persuade 3) record 4) entertain?

: An approach to source analysis

: Where and When does the source come from?

: What form doe the source take? e.g. Newspaper, cartoon,...
When analysing the Value of a source you need to

1: Analyse the Relevance (How accurate is the content? How much of the content can I use?)

2: Analyse the Credibility (How is the credibility affected by its origin, its nature, its purpose?)

3: Explain what the Value of the source is (To what extent is this source worthy of use?)

Relevance (Accuracy + Amount) + Credibility (Origin + Purpose) = Value

Student led presentations and Master Classes:

You will work in small groups to research and record core knowledge needed for the examinations. Your teacher will place you into groups and outline your first project. This is ongoing class and home work. This will be over two - three weeks and you will present your findings to the class.
Master Classes
- Every week your teacher will deliver master classes on historical theory, literacy and exam preparation. These will also include core knowledge.

Each LS will get a topic:

Foreign policy
The Treasury and Finance
Character, Court and Favorites
Crown and Parliament.

As a LS you will have to research and record the key events, people and ideas around your topic area and present it to the class. How you record your information and present is up to you. Your final product will be placed on this Prezi for all to access.
: We are learning the content
- you need to read around the subject to get a
chronological understanding
of the period and make links between the themes.

The purpose is to collect
to support your points (PEAR).
Next week will be out first
file chck!
Find the example past paper in your
folder and read through it carefully!
Master Class 1:
The Political Nation

1, What arguments does Hurst put forward in extract 1?
2, What do we mean by 'The Political Nation'? Give details.
3, Explain the metaphors Kishansky puts forwards in Extract 2.
4.Read the 'Key profile' on the Stuart Kings and Queens.
5, What areas did the Monarch have power over?
6, What do we mean by
7, Explain how the Monarch got money (Detail needed here p3-4).
8, What other groups formed the political nation?
9, Make notes on the 'Social basis of the Political Nation's power'.
10, How important was land ownership?
Home Learning:

Continue to research and record for your research questions.

NEXT WEEK: Favorites / Religion
Session 7 and 8

I can...

Identify the key
between the Religions of the early 17th Century.
Analyze and evaluate James' handling of Religion 1603 - 1626.
Work as a LS to research and record to answer our driving question.
Book: Oxford A level History for AQA:
Stuart Britain and the Crisis of Monarchy 1603-1702
: David Farr
: Oxford University Press
(including Nelson Thornes)
-13: 978-0-1983-5462-8
: £27.99
Publication date
: May 2015 - Out now

Access to History
books are also very useful and I fullt recommend investing in those:
The Early Stuarts 1603-1640
James I

James I and Religion

What were the main religions between 1603-49 and how were they similar/different?

Read your section given to you by your teacher
Summarize the key points on the A3 handout.
Now, move from group to group and complete each section of the handout.
Write a paragraph summarizing if you feel James' handling of Religion was a success or not.

(Please have your folders ready)

Share Google Doc / Presentation with me!
Research - Is there....
A quote? Source Origin?

Inference? Examples? Evidence? STATS? Images? Facts? Dates?
Read each others research and in
green text
write a WWW and EBI under the research.
Continue your research keeping in mind the above criteria and your research question.
Home Leaning

Continue your LS presentation on one aspect of James' reign.
Read the handout on James' Domestic Policies.
Make notes from pages - 27-33
Session 9 and 10

I can...
Work as a LS to research and record to answer our driving question.
Categorise James I's successes and failures with Domestic Policy

: As a group - read through the handouts about England in 1603.

What implications would this have for James and Charles? What were they inheriting?

How could problems be avoided?
Turn to your first essay and complete the target sheet given to you by your teacher.
Start to think what you can do different next time to complete these targets
Now, turn to your Home Learning reading and draw the table below...
Set out your research GDoc

Name -
Question -
Source 1 -
Quote - '_____' '___...___'
Your HL will be to complete this table.

This must be finished as next lesson we will begin to develop our secondary source analysis
Key Questions

Were the problems that James I encountered of his own making?

Why did relations between King and Parliament deteriorate so fast?
Absolutism Challenged: Britain, 1603–1649

Monarchs and Parliaments, 1603–1629


The Political Nation
and the
social basis of power
: the importance of
land ownership; rival forms
of wealth including merchants

James I
: character and views on monarchy; court and favorites; Charles I: character and views on monarchy; court and favorites
• The
financial weakness
of the Crown and
attempts to reform
and strengthen royal finance

Religion and religious divisions
: challenges to the Church of England from Catholics and Puritans and the development of Arminianism

Relations and disputes with parliaments
: parliamentary privileges; finance; religion; foreign affairs
• The state of relations between
Crown and Parliament
by 1629 and the reaction of the Political Nation; the extent of breakdown between Crown and Parliament and the Political Nation.
Speech delivered by Cecil during the 1610 session of Parliament

'I will not say King James' case is so miserable and desperate that without relief from Parliament he can not manage. But this I'll say, if Parliament do not relieve him, you leave him in great need, and the consequences will be dangerous both to the king and the people. The King's debts multiply and his expenses have been more than was expected at the last session. The Contract is a child born after much difficulty.'
Early Finance
Book of Bounty
Crown Lands
Customs Revenue
Feudal Tenures
The Great Contract
4hrs this week?
Knowledge test 1

1, How much was James spending by 1614?
2, What was the Book of Bounty?
3, What was Tonnage and Poundage?
4, What were the three ways the Monarch make money?
5, What was wardship?
6, What was Purveyance?
7, Who was Lord Treasurer from 1608?
8, What did The Great Contract offer James?
9, Who was James' first favorite?
10, When was James I first Parliament?

Define these key words:

Political Nation

Session 11-12

Do now: Read 'Income and Revenue 1603'.

with finance
attempts to
and strengthen Crown finances.
3, Answer a source based question on finance.

Share your findings with your LS
TPS - What is the answer to your
driving question
As a LS
write an answer to your driving question
at the bottom of your Gdoc
Share it
with everyone in the group.
Next Steps -

Open a Google Presentation and share it with your research group and me!
You will design a presentation to give to the class that includes your findings, answers to your research questions, different interpretations and an answer to your driving question.
Ensure you refer to EVIDENCE and provide EXAMPLES in support of your conclusions.
Home learning-

1, Prepare for next weeks first knowledge test.

2, Answer the questions set by your teacher on Royal Finances.
The finances of the Crown and attempts at reform – James I
1, Complete the handout using the notes provided.
Don't repeat notes if you already have them

2, Further your research by reading the books
3, Use the sources and your own knowledge to plan your answer the question '
To what extent was James I responsible for his financial problems?'
Effects of Finance:

The king was meant to ask MP's for money however:

1, Reluctant to give money if the problems were the Kings own doings - extravagance OR greed .
2, The King would also apply for other financial strategies such as impositions.

This forced up prices and restricted trade AND caused constitutional issues.

Parliament was worried that through impositions its power to control taxation was being eroded (this would erupt under Charles I).

Problems were threefold:
1, It showed a serious problem with the structure of gov.
2, Caused a rift between James and the Political Nation.
3, Caused issues concerning the rights and prerogatives of Parliament and of the King.

These may have been dealt with quickly if it was not for the fact there were also problems with religion, foreign policy and war.

Did this make it more difficult?

Session 13-14 - I can..

review the first knowledge quiz
work as a LS to answer a driving question.
Assess the role of favorites and the power held by Carr and Buckingham

Home Learning-
Begin Gpresentation.
makes notes
on Chapter 4 - James I and Religion. (p27-33)

What are we looking for in an A*-B answer?
(1-10 on board with teacher)

Swap your paper with someone at your table.
Get a

Read through the essay and place the appropriate number where you see evidence of it.
Analyze the essay, write feedback and correct SPaG in
green pen
Now, at the end of essay give 2 kind feedback, 2 specific and 2 helpful pieces of feedback.

Give the essay a grade



1, Why did the Monarch need a favorite?
3, What are the positive and negatives effects this could have?

James I and...

Esme Stuart, Duke of Lennox 1579-81
Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset 1607-13
George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham 1615-25

Robert Carr
1, What titles and offices did James give Carr?
2, Whose death allowed Carr to gain more influence?
3, How did Carr's marriage cause problems in court?
4, Why was the 1614 Parliament a failure?
5, Why did they try to take James' favor away from Carr?
6, How did Bishop Goodman describe Villiers?
7, What was the Overbury affair and what effects did it have on Carr?
8, How did James initially reward Buckingham? What gifts were given?
9, Who fell from power to allow Buckingham to rise?

'the cause of all the grievances is that all king's Council ride upon one horse, therefore the parliament shall advise the king to take unto him assistants.'

Comment by an MP
Home Learning
Duke of Buckingham - George Villiers I
Carry out research to find out:
Relationship with James
Strengths and weaknesses
Session 15 -16
I can..
identify areas to improve my essay writing using an AQA mark scheme.
evaluate King James's success with Religion.
begin to identity key events with Foreign and Domestic Policy
King James' speech to Parliament, March 1610

The state of monarchy is the supremest thing upon earth: for Kings are not only God's lieutenants upon earth, and sit upon God's throne, but even by God himself they are called gods.

James' First Parliament 1604-11

1, What is Parliamentary Privilege?
2, makes notes on...
a, The Buckinghamshire election 1604
b, Shirley's Case 1604
c, Union of England and Scotland, 1606

What have we seen so far that could cause tension between the Crown and Parliament?
3, How effective was the opposition in parliament?
Session 17-18
I can...
set appropriate targets in my essay writing.
analayse James' first Parliaments.
describe and explain all of James' Parliaments and analyse there overall success.
Do now...

"The State of monarchy is the supreme thing on Earth........ As to dispute what God may do is blasphemy, so is it treason in subjects to dispute what a king may do....."

A good king will frame his actions according to the law, yet he is not bound thereto but of his own goodwill."

James I "True Law of Free Monarchies" (quoted in "Early Modern Age" by L.E. Snellgrove)

How might this relate to or effect Parliamentary Privilege?

1, You have now looked at James' first parliament of 1604-11. Read and make appropriate notes on his other Parliaments of 1614, 1621 and 1624

Use your notes from above and your own research to complete the table above.
Session 19-20

I can

analyze and evaluate James' success with his Parliaments.
explain and analyze key events in Foreign Policy
improve LS presentation on topic area.
'Parliament alone is responsible for its poor relationship with James I'
How much do you agree with this statement?
Parliamentary privilege
Buckinghamshire election, 1604
Shirley's case, 1604
Union of England and Scotland, 1606

Each person at your table should outline one of the above events.

What were the effects of each event?
Assessment folder
Target Sheet
Knowledge Quiz Checklist
Essay 1 - Overview of 1603
Essay 2 - Finance
Read your home learning to your LS
Do you agree / disagree? Why?
Share your views with the class.

Google presentation.

You will all start your presentation next week.
We shall see two presentations per week.

Open your google sheet and presentation. Continue to work on your presentation.
: The Thirty Year War:



'If the papists once attain a
, they will press for a toleration;from thence to an equality; from an equality to a superiority; from superiority to an
of all contrary religions.'

From the Commons Protestation of 1621

What is a Papist?
What does this tell us about English attitudes towards Catholics?
How might this effects relations between King and Parliament?
Home Learning:

1 - Do the extra reading
2 - Complete the essay structure sheet.
Session 20 - 21

I can....

present my findings and conclusions on a particular topic.
start forming conclusions about King James' and his relationship with the Jacobean Political Nation.
Analyse sources in preperation for an AS past paper.
EXTRA READING - Further your understanding here!
Foreign Affairs
Domestic Policy

I have already e-mailed this to you!
Knowledge Test 2:

1, What is 'Parliamentary Privilege'?
2, What are the 4 Privilages petitioned by Parliament to the Monarch?
3, When was Shirley's Case?
4, When did the Thirty Year War start and end?
5, When did Buckingham and Charles go on the 'Madrid Trip'?
6, Name the key differences between the Puritan and Catholic religions in England in early 1600s.
7, What was published in 1611?
8, When was the Hampton Court Conference?
9, What were Bancroft's Canons?
10, When did each of James' Parliaments begin and end?

Knowldge Quiz

What do the following groups of historians believe?

A, Whig
B, Marxist
C, Revisionist
D, Post –Revisionists
Session 22-23

I can...

Identify the key features of an AS level essay.
Explain the events of Charles I early reign.
Watch and comment on a presentation.
Home Learning

1, Complete the essay question.
2, Do the extra reading (mailed to you)!


Activity 1:
Read the example answer and annotate key features of a successful essay.
Give the answer a Level and mark and comment why.

Activity 2:
Use the resource pack provided to research and record key events and examples from Charles I early reign (1625-1929). Make notes under the following heading:
Domestic Policy, Finance, Favorites, Religion, Power and Parliament.

Session 24-25 - Charles I

I can...

Reflect on past paper taking into account teacher feedback.
Analyze Charles I early reign.
Understand home learning activities over the vacations

Charles I 1625-29

The Court of Charles I - p11-13
Finance - p25-26
Religion - p33-35
Parliaments - p44-49
Read the handout and write your own short biography on Charles I
Essay sentence starters:

Extract A presents the interpretation that:...
This is substantiated.....
Extract A provides the most cinvincing interpretation because...
This allows us to make the conclusion...
This supported by the fact that...
This is further supported by.....
Evidence to support this is...
However, this is not supported by the fact that...
The first interpretation, written by..
Indeed, (NAME)
argues that.....
The significance of.....
This has depth/breadth/longevity......
Although this claim....
This clearly demostrates that...
In extract A...
This was true.... (insert evidence here)
With regard....... the source is convincing.... however
It is also important to point of that...
Therefore I do/do not think that extract A is convincing when i arguies...
In addition I would argue that...
Therefore the conclusions of Extract A, that...... is (un)convincing in relation to...
Extract B suggests that...
) suggests that...
In these arguments (
) is both convincing and unconvincing beacuse...
The source does suggest..
The source is cinvincing in that it..... However the source is not convincing when
To James...
In this argument
is (un)convincing...
In conclusions, the most convincing argument in relataion to....... is... extract A. Here
In addition, extract A argues...
I do not rthink that extract B and C are as convincing because...
Furthermore, it argues that...
This is not a very convincing argument as the...
Extract A is mosr convincing that extract B and C beacuse...
Overall, all the sources put together provide...

Have you:

1, Shared the
of the extract
2, Supported all the interpretations with more than one peice of evidence from the source.
3, Justifies the interpretation with own knowledge and examples.
4, Challenges the interpretation with own knowledge and examples.
5, Concludes how convincing each interpretation is.
6, Make use of historical terminology.
7, Has wide range of examples, facts, data, historians, figures etc.
8, Has a clear layout and structure (introduction, body paragraph and conclusions)
9, SPaG
10, Clear summative conclusions and final conclusion that answers the question.
11, Well sustained judgments are made throughout.

Review Previous HL:

Charles I 1625-29
The Court of Charles I - p11-13
Finance - p25-26
Religion - p33-35
Parliaments - p44-50 - HOME LEARNING NOTES


Be prepared to share and analyze these events!

Situation in 1629

Petition of Right
failed to:
a, It did not mention customs duty, impositions or tonnage and poundage. Could Charles still claim to collect these?
b, Charles' open favor to anti Calvinists. In particular, Laud and Montegu who were appointed at Bishops. This made his support for Armenianism clear. Why was this a problem?

Petition of Right - Charles ordered the royal printer to deface the statute number on the document throwing its legitimacy into question.

The Three Resolution

There where still those in Parliament that wanted to compromise. On 2nd March 1629, just as the speaker was going to suspend parliament MPs, Denzil Holles and Benjamin Valentine held the speaker down in his chair until three resolutions were drawn up condemning the Kings conduct. The Three Resolutions expressed concern and opposition to Armenianism and to the the collection of tonnage an poundage without parliamentary approval.

In response, Charles dissolved Parliament three days later. He then had the above MPS arrested for treason. Charles saw the Resolutions as a revolutionary act and for the next 11 years - did not recall Parliament.
Breakdown between the Crown and Parliament 1629

P.52-53+ - write in FULL sentences and in detail:

1,What would
Tim Harris
2, What would
Christopher Durston
3, What would
Barry Coward
4, What is the
current interpretation
...........What would you argue?

Home Learning

The Personal Rule

Use the handout and the course book to complete bullet point notes in the following document:

https://docs.google.com/document d/17gBnliekKupaehKZP4_ps-GL1q_9LrTKQWJwj1nKPWk/edit

Session 26-27 -

Charles I - An unfortunate victim of circumstances beyond his control
a vindictive and inflexible ruler who made things worse?

I can...

Analyze and evaluate Charles I early reign.
Measure the extent of the breakdown between crown and parliament by 1629
Analyse and form interpretations.

- Parliament / Cadiz
- Parliament / Forced Loan / Five Knights / The York House Conference

- La Rochelle
- Parliament / Petition of Right / Death of Buckingham
- Parliament / Three Resolutions
Session 28 - 29

I can...

reflect on my mock paper and re-write with improvements
describe the role of Laud and Montegu in the court of Charles I
identify and analyse the importance of Religion during the Personal Rule
Knowledge Test 3:

1, When was the personal Rule?
2, What position did laud end of up?
3, What, and when, was the Forc ed Loan?
4, When was Cadiz and Rochelle?
5, Charles was given 5 subsidies in 1628 if what grievances ere discussed?
6, What were the 4 main points to the Petition of Rights?
7, When, and by whom, weas Buckingham assassinated?
8, Which MPs held the speaker down in his chair in 1629? Why did they do this?
9, Who did Charles I marry? And when?
10, What is Armenianism?
There is also a NEW knowledge test so please learn all the answers to this AND the last two knowledge tests! We will have pop up quizzes from now on!
Home Learning:

1, Re-write mock paper for next Tuesday
2, Read the Google Doc on the Peronsal Rule and prep for past paper next week.

DO NOW: Get into pairs! Or threes! Read the handout on Laud or Strafford and summerize in 5-10 bullet points. Be ready to share your findings with your partner.
Session 30 and 31 - The Personal Rule

I can...

select relevant information for a specifc task
analyse and evaluate the success of the peronal Rule
write a plan for an essay question Unit 1D
The Personal Rule OR Tyranny:

Which factors
and which
Foreign Policy
Domestic Policy
The Multiple Kingdom Crisis 1637-42
'Charles' programme during the Personal Rule proved intensively divisive and generated debate over fundamental constitutional issues. Although such debate was seldom voiced in public, it undeniably took place. It therefore seems likely that the calm of the personal rule was deceptive, and while Charles' three kingdoms appeared quiet enough on the surface, underneath their lurked deep-rooted tensions and grievances.'

Adapted from A History of the Modern British Isle , 1603-1707 by Davis L. Smith 1998
‘The outbreak of civil war by 1642 was due to the policies of Charles I since 1629.’
Explain why you agree or disagree with this view
‘Civil War was the result of a Puritan reaction to the Personal Rule of Charles I in the years from 1629.’
Explain why you agree or disagree with this view
'She (England) enjoyed the greatest calm and the fullest measure of felicity that any country has been blessed with'
Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.
Sir Richard Weston
William Juxton

Privy Council vs Close Advisors

The Star Chamber
- Privy councilors selected by Charles. Charles could hold cases here in secret.

High Commission
- Chief court of the Church - used to enforce conformity.

Justices of the Peace
(JPs) - 50 in each county, chosen by the King, position of real status, met together 4 times a year, law and administrative forum, ensure localities were being well run, communication with the Privy Council, Book of Orders.


John Morrill said that the Personal Rule was a 'coiled spring' of underlying discontent.

Do you agree?
One interpretation:

"The Great Migration to New England coincided almost exactly with the personal rule. Between 1629 and 1640 about 60,000 made the journey. By no means all of them emigrated for religious reasons, but the high proportion who did brave such a vast and perilous change of life for the sake of their faith, and the number of ordained ministers who sailed with them, are eloquent testimony that for a significant sector of the English people the only religion permitted to them by law had become offensive to their consciences to a degree unprecedented before Charles' reign."

Britain in Revolution, 1625-1660 by Austin Woolrych, 2002
Home learning -
1, Complete essay on the Personal Rule.
2, Read the 'extra reading' to inform your essay. This has been mailed to you all!
Thomas Wentworth
William Juxon was an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1649 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 until his death.

Session 32 and 33:

I can...

sort cards to identify the key differences between Religions in 1640.
understand the overview of events 1640-1642 (p83 and 95)
Analyze the political divisions between Charles and Parliament.

Scotland p.67
The Bishops' Wars 1639-40
Scotish Covenanters and the Scottish Rebellion 1637-40
Who was called back to help?
Ireland p.70
Opposition in Ireland
The Irish rebellion 1641

What groups were in Ireland?
Who was sent here and what dd he achieve?
When did he leave? what effect did this have?

Opposition in England p.71
The Hampden Case
The Short Parliament (1640)

Charles shared to his view his father's views on the divinity of kingship but posessed non of James' political subtelty. Charles also had a total conviction of his own correctness. Charles' attitude has immediate political consequences. He failed to appreciate the need to explain his actions. The King's character traits led him, under stress, into what sometimes looks uncomfortably like sheer dishonesty. Charles can be afforded few accolades for statemanship, and the distrust with which many of his subjects viewed him is readily comprehensible.

Adapted from Authority and Conflict by Derek Hirst 1986
The Long Parliament 1640-41
Home learning:

1, Watch this documentary:

2, Read and make notes on pages 84 - 90
Session 34-35

I can...

share my findings of the key evets 1640-42

analyse and evaluate the key events to come to a sustained conclusions

understanding different interpretations of the causes of the English Civil Wars.
Activity 1
- Speed date - teach each other your event and write the details into the correct box. Move when your teacher instructs you to.
Activity 2
- Group discussion
Activity 3
- Read the interpretation given to you by your teacher - be ready to comment giving evidence to support.
Activity 4
- Prep for debate -
This house believes that Parliament is solely to blame for the outbreak of the English Civil Wars.
Home Learning
1, Watch the documentaries on the Civil War.
2, Prepare speeches for debate.
Key events...

You will be given TWO of the events below. Have a think and then tell your table how this event contributed to the oubreak of Civil War.

1, Bedford’s Financial settlement
2, Wentworth’s Impeachment / Bill of
Attainder 1641
3, The Army Plot
4, The leadership of John Pym
5, The Root and Branch Petition 1640
6, The Triennial Act
7, The Royalist Party
8, Ten Propositions
9, Reaction in Scotland 1641
10, The ‘incident’ October 1641
11, Opposition in Ireland: The Irish Rebellion
12, Opposition in Parliament 1641-42
13, The Militia Bill 1641
14, The Five Members Coup January 1642
15, Exclusion Bill February 1641
16, The Parliamentary Army
17, The Nineteen Propositions 1642
18, Royalist reaction to iconoclasm
You have 10 mins for final preperations

1, Choose PROP (The House) OR OPP (Against the House).
2, Prepare your arguments/speeches using class notes and your own knowledge. Prepare 3 arguments for 3 speakers. Each speaker should speak for about 3 minutes.
3, 5 students from each LS will take part in the class debate. Present in the following order:

Prop - Speaker 1
Opp - Speaker 1 (rebuttal)
Prop - Speaker 2 (rebuttal)
Opp - Speaker 2 (rebuttal
Prop - Speaker 3 (rebuttal)
Opp - Speaker 3 (rebuttal)
Opp - Speaker 4 - Summary - Review arguments. Why have we won the debate?
Prop - Speaker 4 - Summary - Review arguments. Why have we won the debate?

4, Vote who for which team won the debate. REMEMBER - vote for the quality of argument and NOT your personal preference.


'Charles I sparked the Scottish rebellion;his policies in Ireland largely contributed to the outbreak of the rebellion there; his imposition of Laudianism radicalized English Puritans. Without Charles I, Civil War in England would have been much less likely'.

DavidFarr - Stuart Britain and the Crisis of Monarchy
Lesson 36-37

I can...

debate the causes of the English Civil War 1629-1642

Analyze and evaluate key events leading to the English Civil War

Home Learning:

1, Make notes of Chapter 10 1642-1646 The First English Civil War p91-100.
Past Questions
In addition...

Focus on;
Key events, indviduals, key themes of Religion, Foreign Policy. Finance, Favorites, Domestic policy, Parliaments, Courts, background and personality, beliefs and attitudes
from 1603-1642

Personalized Checklist - PCL
Session 38-39

I can...

Identify the key events of the First English Civil War
Analyse these events and suggest reasons for the Parliamentarian's victory.
Describe the key individuals in the First English Civil War.
Activity 1: Key Individuals:

Your teacher will give your table one of the individuals below to research (10mins) and then you present to the rest of the class (2 mins).

a) Prince Rupert of the Rhine (1619-82) -96
b) Sir Thomas Fairfax - 103
c) Oliver Cromwell - 103

Which people in England do you think would support the King and which would support Parliament?
'To the Parliamentarians, the Royalists were 'Cavaliers' - a term derived from the Spanish word 'Caballeros', meaning armed troopers or horsemen. To the Royalists, the Parliamentarians were 'Roundheads' - a reference to the shaved heads of the London apprentices who had been so active in demonstrating their support for Parliament during the months before the fighting began'.
Activity 2: Battles of the English Civil War

Use the site below and your own research to make notes on ONE battle of the First Englaish Civil War.


Complete one of the Battle slides on the gpresentation. Include information and one image.

1, Edgehill 23rd October 1642
2, Adwalton Moor 30th June 1643
3, Roundaway Down 13th July 1643
4, First Battle of Newbury 20th September1643
5, Marston Moor 2nd July 1644
6, Second Battle of Newbury 27th October 1644
7,The Battle of Naseby 14th June 1645

Home learning:
Notes on chapter 11 - The Second Civil War
Activity 3:
Why did Parliament win?
Why did the Royalists lose?

Turn to your home learning notes on the first English Civil War.

T/P/S - What reasons are given for Parliaments victory?

Which is the most important/significant?
How we measure this?


What was the most significant reason for Parliaments Success in the First English Civil War?
Home Learning:

Complete notes of the Second English Civil War (next chapter).
Session 40-41

I can...

analyze and evaluate the Second English Civil War
Mock feedback:

1, Complete the assessmrnt sheets ato set your self targets.

Use or summative Conclusions
Examples - when are you presenting your own knowledge
Depth and detail in your evidence/examples
How often are you referring to the question?
How much of the source are you analyzing?
Structure - with the esay?
Second Civil War - Timeline
First Civil War
Split Parliamentarians

Political Presbytarians
Political independents
The New Model Army - Handout p.116
Key Events timeline 1646-1648

Use your home learning notes to complete the timeline event card.

Place the event of the timeline.

Key Questions and Activities-

Make a list of Charles I actions from 1642-48 that might indicate that he could not be trusted.

1, How important was the role of key individuals and groups?
2, How important were ideas and ideology?
3, How far did monarchy change?
4, Why and with what results were there disputes over religion?


Those parliamentarians that had gone to war in 1642 certainly would reject any suggestion that their growing sense of alienation from the parliamentary government was due to changes of attitude on their own part. No, it was not they but the rest of the world that had changed. They now saw both the king and parliament threatened by alarmingly revolutionary forces thrown up by the First Civil War but not disappearing with its conclusion. In turn the New Model Army was itself perceived as offering a potent threat to the authority of both parliament and the monarchy itself. What could be more natural than that, as twin focuses on radical and sectarian attack, these two institutions should be drawn closer together.

Adapted by Counter Revolution by Robert Ashton 1994
Home learning:

1, Extra Reading
2, Prepare for timed past sources based questions
Lesson 42-43

I can...

Identify and explain the role of the Levellers, Diggers and Millenarians.

The Levellers

The Diggers

Interpretation -

'The most important development outside Parliament was the rise of the Levellers. Leveller ideas had first circulated in London, in pamphet form. The Levellers were not a well organised political party with a clear ladership structure. Their ideas had spread in London but it was the army that was to be most influenced by, and influencial in, Levellerism. The Levellers had influence out of all proportion to their numbers but this was to be short lived. The Levellers failed to force through their radical poitical programme. Nevertheless, vaguely Leveller ideas of radical reform continued to circulate throughout the year up to 1660. Levellerism as a threat to regiemes of the period 1649-1660, however, was not very sigificant.

Adapted from England in Crisis, 1640-1660 by David Sharp 2000
Key Leveller Demands -

Extension of the Franchise
Written constitution
House of Commons as the legislative, removing power of the House of Lords and Monarch.
Frequent elections
Redistribution of seats
Religious freedom
Reform of the Law
Elected local government
Economic reform
Extension -

1, What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Levellers?

2, 'Between 1629-1649 the power of the people had enormously grown.' Assess the validity of this view.

Home Learning
1, Complete the A3 sheet started in class.
2, Make notes on the FINAL CHAPTER p.
Optional -
3, Complete a past questions from the book?
Interpretation -

'The events of 1649 were the climax of the English Revolution, not only because a King was publicly tried and executed and a republic established, but also because people from outside the governing class - soldiers, women and the middle ranks of society - intervened in the great affairs of politics and religion. their radicalism was not simply a reaction to the breakdown of the old constitution and ecclesiastical order of the First Civil War, or merely forced on them by the actions of Charles I in causing the Second Civil War. It arose from the long held and deeply felt hopes and expectations of profound changes for the better in their world; in other words, they were revolutionaries.'

Adapted from 1949: The Crisis of the English Revolution by Brian Manning, 1992
Turn to your home learning notes:
Where was Charles put?
What was the Newport Treaty?
What was Pride's Purge? Thomas Pride?
What role did Ireton and Cromwell play?
What are the arguments for killing the King?

What are the arguments against killing the King?

(Political / Religious / Economic / Social)
Lesson 42-43

I can..

analyse and evaluate the arguments for the execution of Charles I.

understand the process of the trial and the execution of Charles I.

debate whether the King should have been killed.
Home Learning -
Start to work on your revision presentation
Why did the Civil War take place?

Therefore, what should happen next?

Why was a there a failure to settle earlier?
Group 1
- reasons to kill the king

Group 2
- reason not to kill the king

Activity 2:
Categorise your arguments into PSER

'There was no hint of any mass popular rejoicing on 30 January 1649. Ironically, Charles I was more popular at his death than any other time in the 1640s. The English Revolution was carried out by a minority, whose decisions to become regicides were taken at a very late stage. The two men who took the lead in bringing the king to trial, Ireton and his father in law, Cromwell, has been fully committed only a year before securing a monarchical settlement. They were driven to become regicides by a combination of 'functional' (political) and 'ideological' (religious) pressures. This is what Cromwell meant by 'necessity' and 'providence'.'

Stuart England, 1603-1714 by Barry Coward, 1997

Home Learing

1 - Prepare a short 5 min presentation on your question.

2, REVISE - past paper next week in class- essay question.

Session 44 - 45

I can:

complete a past paper

present on a revision topic

debate and give examples to support revision
Essay question:

'The outbreak of Civil War in 1642 was due to the failures of Stuart rule since 1603'

Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.
Use this mark scheme to assess a peers essay.

Write down 3 WWW
Write down 3 EBI
Give the essay a grade.

Highlight the point and overview
Highlight the evidence/examples/source
Highlight the explanation / own knowledge
Highlight the evaluation
Highlight the analysis
6, H
ighlight evidence of 'balance'.
Highlight when clear judgments are made.
8, Highlight summ concl
9, Highlight key words/ reference to historians / theories etc
Session 46 and 47
I can..

reflect on last weeks past paper
identify how I can improve exam writing
present and revise
1, Using your revision notes, class work and own knowledge write down 10 general knowldge questions with their answers.

2, Write the questions and answers onto the google form.

3, I will send you the questions and you need to learn the answers for next week.
Home Learning

1, Learn the answers to the revision questions for quiz next week.
2, Prepare for source based questions next week.
Feedback - 13 points to improve!

1- If intro - keep it short - why have one?
2, Explain your evidence in relation to the sources.
3, Evaluate the information - significance? impact?
4, Summative conclusions should always take the reader back to the question. Build the argument for the conclusion. BUILD!
5, Layout generally good BUT give opposing view. eg. However it can be argued that.... (other sentence starters?)Balance!
6, Make use of historians - Who? Whigs? Revisionist? Marx?
7, Role of Parliament? Not just Stuart rule?
8, Key words - Absolute Monarchy / Divine Right / Privilege / prerogative /
9, Generally good examples - give as much detail as you can within the time!
10, example/evidence/explanation/balance/explanation/evaluation.
11, Strong judgement - ' subsequently the statement is false' (M). Thus, has a conl early.
12, Analytical structure - do not story tell!
13, Build conclusion through summative concl. eg. not 1603 but 1625.
Examination Center
Question 2: Mark Scheme
Question 1: Mark Scheme
Sessions 48 and 49

I can...

Complete a source based past paper example question

self and peer assess past paper and reflect on performance


Summative conclusions need to refer back to each point previously made and hold your arguments.
detailed evaluations
write analytically from the start. HOW? depends how you structure your paragraphs.
Need evaluation to get A/B therefore BALANCE

1 - REVISE - ensure there are no gaps in your knowledge.
2, STRUCTURE - Grab an essay planning sheet and plan a past paper, complete the past paper and give to me to mark it.
3, Get essay feedback from me.
How do we learn:

KSandU masterclasses
Google drive
Learning sets
Debate and discussions and arguments!
Pragmatic rehearsals
Debates and discussions
Flip learning
Knowledge Quizzes
Independently and in groups
Research and record - source analysis - communicating the past
Session 1 and 2
- I can..

understand the course ahead

define and understand key vocabulary

understand overview of time period of study and historians interpretations.

Activity 1:

How was the country ruled?

Analyze your A5 and A4 handouts.
Activity 2:

1 - Read both sources on James I

A) Write down 3 good qualities of James I.
B) Write down three bad qualities of James I.
C) How reliable do you think these sources are? Who do we believe? Why?

Activity 3:

- What were the MAIN differences in religion in 1603? Why did they exist?

Use the first page of your handout to write down 5 reasons why Religion was so important in 1603.
'James' sound judgement an political skill proved well suited to preserve delicate balance in Church and State that he had inherited from Elizabeth. Precisely because he could live with untidiness, and did try to tie up loose ends or define edges, he evolved an effective style of government which appealed to a broadly agreed ideological framework and promoted religious stability. His free and easy manner made for good personal relationships with his leading subjects and allowed 'points of contract. between ruler and ruled to operate efficiently. The occasional moments of tactlessness, especially in his speeches to Parliament, stood out all the more because James approach was generally conciliatory. Apart from his dangerous dependence upon Buckingham, he remained a shrewd judge of character until the end of his life. Some of his subjects viewed him with distaste or yearned for more systematic reforms, but very few of them actually disliked them.'

A history of the Modern British Islea, 1603-1707, David L Smith 1998
What do we need to access A-A* grades?
Group Essay Feedback:
When you counter - when possible - use quotation from the source.
Detail - your evidence needs to have depth
Evaluate - which argument is most convincing? Why?
Embed your quotes

Question 2 -
The Essay Questions
Example - 'Religion was the main reason for conflict between the Crown and Parliament in the years 1603-1625'. Explain why you agree of disagree with this view.
Role of Buckingham?

Home Learning -

1 - Complete your part of the handout and be ready to share next week.
2 - Research and record 10 facts about John Pym.
3 - Watch the youtube documentary on the causes of the Civil War. (3 parter - you need part 1).
What is episcopacy?
This house believes that Parliament is solely to blame for the outbreak of the English Civil Wars.

General Mock feedback 2017

evaluation - weigh the arguments using DBL/ Sign/impact/exaggeration/
Strengthens or weakens how convincing the source is.
Use L/P/S extent on summ concl and concl
Use summative conclusions
If intro - keep it short - why have one?
Explain your evidence in relation to the sources.
Summative conclusions should always take the reader back to the question. Build the argument for the conclusion. BUILD!
Layout generally good BUT give opposing view. eg. However it can be argued that.... (other sentence starters?)Balance!
Make use of historians - Who? Whigs? Revisionist? Marx?
Role of Parliament? Not just Stuart rule?
Key words - Absolute Monarchy / Divine Right / Privilege / prerogative /
Generally good examples - give as much detail as you can within the time!
Strong judgement - ' subsequently the statement is false'...
Analytical structure - do not story tell!

Home Learning
Completes notes on the first Civil War - Chapter p.

1 - ANSWER THE QUESTION - agree or disagree?
3 - Intro - give context 1603 and 1629
4 -
1 - Structure - context on 1603 - 29
2 - Evaluation
3 - ANSWER THE QUESTION - agree or disagree (some of you would have got the top level if you has done this) - QUICK FIX!
4 - share your structure on the intro

Reasons For Parliamentary Victory?
Reasons For Royalist Defeat
1 - Battles of the First Civil War

The prayer book rebellion in 1637 was to be the turning point, not only in Scotland, but England and Ireland as well. He had encountered opposition to a number of his policies in all three kingdoms, but this had been containable. The defiance of the Scots changed everything and set in motion a train of events that led to defeat of the Bishop's War and ultimately, the outbreak of Civil War.

Charles I by Richard Cust, 2005
Key figures? Ideology? Theology? What did they want?
Home Learning - Chapter 12 notes - Social Divisions 2

Revision Presentation 1603-1649
1 - Finance
2 - Religion
3 - Parliament
4 - Court/Character/Favs
5 - Civil War - Cause/Course/Consequence
Prepare a presentation for the group

1 - Key features of each Monarch
2 - Most successful - Why?
3 - Least successful - why?
4 - Turning Points
5 - Impact? DBL? PSE?
6 - Sources?
7 - Presentation and handout
Times Question

Charles I was in as a strong position as king in 1646 as he had been in 1926'.

Assess the validity of this view.

'The outbreak of Civil War in 1642 was due to the failures of Stuart rule since 1603'

Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.
3 arguments per team

Focus on
1 - Why was the Parliament called? (Cause)
2 - What happened during the Parliament? (Course)
3 - Why was the Parliament ended? (Consequence)

New Question:
Using your understanding of the historical context, assess how convincing the interpretations in Extracts 1 and 2 are in relations to James character.

Home Learning

MAKE NOTES from page 55 - 64

As a consequence of..
In order to…
Combined with..
As a result...

I can..

identify, analyze and evaluate reasons for Parliamentary victory in the first Civil War
self and peer assess to identify areas to improve Question 1
Activities - Pragmatic Rehearsal
Annotate the sources above with evidence to support or challenge how convincing the source is.

Make a conclusion as a table - To what extent is the source convincing? L, P or S?
Who was most successful in Religion? Finance? Relationship with Parliament? Court and Favorites?
Using your understanding of the historical context, assess how convincing the arguments in these two extracts are in relation to Charles I.
As a group we are going to write the answer for both paragraphs.

1 - On your sheet write out the POINT for either Source A or Source B.

2 - After 2-4 mins the paper will move to the person on your left.

3 - Will will repeat this movement until all the sections of the paragraph are complete

- Write your part of the paragraph
- Improve the previous sections of the paragraph
Do Now
Write down 10 things that you answer must have to achieve an A* grade

The Remonstrance of the Army
Henry Ireton
Pride's Purge

Turning Points?

Mock feedback
Source Qn:
Evidence needs to be specific and detailed
What should a summative conclusion do?
Do not giver general statements
Evidence need to be detailed and specific
Do not describe the source!
Who annotated the source in detail?
Counter arguments need to be a quote first

Essay Question

Full transcript