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Learning Outcome 3 - Group Dynamics 3/3

Learning Outcome 3 - Group Dynamics 3/3
by

Benjamin Cox

on 20 August 2014

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Transcript of Learning Outcome 3 - Group Dynamics 3/3

Leadership, leadership theories and their implications on sport performance (Group Dynamics session 3)
Unit 17 - Psychology for Sport Performance
Qualities of a good leader
Trait theory
Interactional theory
Patience
'Good leaders are born, not made'
''The effectiveness of an individuals leadership style stems from matching the style to the situation''
BTEC Level 3

Staff Cox

Lesson Aim and Objective (s)
Aim - Provide an introduction to leadership and leadership theories and their impact on sport performance
In pairs, list the qualities of a good leader?
Self-discipline
Intelligence
Optimism
Confidence
Prescribed verses Emergent Leaders
Peer Respect
Expert knowledge/skills
Interpersonal skills
Communication skills
Empathy
Consistency
Fairness
In pairs, explain how these qualities can effect sport performance in both positive and negative ways!
Not selected by group/team
Appointed by authority figures
Clubs appointing new managers
Managers selecting new players as captain
Emerges from a group naturally
Selected by their peers
Peers respect and support them
Leadership characteristics
Status and experience
Prescribed
Emergent
There are four main theories of leadership
Role model
Behavioural theory
''People can learn to be good leaders by observing the behaviours of other good leaders in a variety of situations, reproducing those behaviours in similar situations and then continuing them if they are reinforced''
(Weinberg 2011)
Relationship-orientated
Task-orientated
Developing relationships
Open communication
Maintains social intercations
develops and gains trust
Ensures a feel good factor
Meeting goals and objectives
Setting new goals
Decides on priorities
Assigns members to tasks
Focused on group productivity
Multi-dimensional Model
(Chelladurai, 1990)
Antecedents
Leader Behaviour
Consequences
1. Situational Characteristics
2. Leader Characteristics
3. Member Characteristics
4. Required Behaviour
5. Actual Behaviour
6. Prefered Behaviour
7. Performance & Satsifaction
The effects of the leadership style (s)
Democratic
Decisions take time
Poor in emergency's
The most successful style
High job satisfaction
Not all members can contribute (skill)
Motivated to control own destiny
Laissez-faire
Fail to motivate groups
Poor in emergency's
Useful with experienced & skilled performers
Athlete autonomy leads to satisfaction and increased productivity
Autocratic
Athletes directed even when strained
Restricts athlete autonomy
Motivation poor when leader is not present
Good in crisis situation
Group resentment
LO1 - Learners will be able to state 4 qualities of a good leader

LO2 - Learners will be able to explain how these qualities effect sport performance

LO3 - Learners will be able to identify the effects of prescribed and emergent leaders on performance

LO4 - Learners will be able to defend their preferred theory/model of leadership
Recap
Cohesion
Social cohesion
Task cohesion
Effective team climate
Carron's (1982) model of cohesion
Who are leaders?
Make a list of as many leaders that you have known or know of in your life!?
Q1 - Why might a club feel a prescribed leader is most appropriate for them?

Q2 - Assess the positive and negative aspects of emergent leaders?

Q3 - Support which leadership selection method you agree with most?
Discussion activity
Group activity
Examples?
There are 3 types of leadership styles, what are they?
Decisions group orientated
Relaxed and informal
Encourage creativity
Groups independent
Strong team ethic
Final decisions still made by leader
Democratic
Gives athletes freedom
Provide support and advice
Athletes must self-motivate
Athletes explore talents
Athletes organise themselves
Laissez-faire
Dictatorship
Avoids social interaction
Group member opinions ignored
Group members are passive
Task orientated
Power-orientated
Expect unquestioned obedience
Autocratic - Authoritarian
What leadership style is this?
What leadership style is this?
What leadership style is this?
Recap
Prescribed leader
Emergent leader
Leadership theories
Autocratic
Democratic
Laissez-faire
Who is the athlete? In groups, you have to guess the athlete the student is pretending to be. Groups will be able to ask 1 questions and have 1 guess per round! ONLY THE SELECTED LEADERS CAN ASK THE QUESTIONS!
#Presrcibedandmergentleaders
Evaluation of task
1) What was the impact of the prescribed and emergent leaders?

2) How can we related our task to a sport performance

3)Which is the most effective way to select a leader?
Full transcript