Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Thirty Years' War: Franco-Swedish Phase (1635-1648)

No description
by

Nicole Tansey

on 26 January 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Thirty Years' War: Franco-Swedish Phase (1635-1648)

Reasons for Peace
Causes/Spark
Franco-Swedish Phase
Fourth Phase of the War
Non-Treaty Results
Major Leaders:
France-Sweden:
Germany is devastated.
Habsburgs' power is weakened.
Austria loses most of its influence over Germany.
Effects of the War
Valois-2nd Block
Peace of Westphalia
Treaty to end the Thirty Years' War
1648.
Over 200 rulers attended.
Very different from most treaties before which were usually an agreement between two to three states.
Thirty Years' War: Franco-Swedish Phase (1635-1648)
Long-Term:
Habsburg-Bourbon Conflict
France wants to limit the power of the Habsburg family.
Cardinal Richelieu wants to make France an absolute power.
Short-Term:
Edict of Restitution (1629): outlawed Calvinism in the Holy Roman Empire and required that Lutherans return all property seized since 1522 back to the Catholics.
The edict caused Gustavus Adolphus (Sweden) to enter the war- thus triggering the third phase of the war.
France joins the war with Sweden. Although Sweden is Protestant and France is Catholic, France wants to decrease the power of the Habsburg family.
Originally a struggle between France (allied with Sweden) and Habsburg Austria (allied with Spain)
Both countries were Roman Catholic
1635- France declares war on Philip IV of Spain
France goes on incursions into the Netherlands and Southern Germany which do not end well. Louis XIII's army is already fighting in Italy, the Pyrenees Mountains, and Northern Germany.
However, France's involvement did ease some of the burden that the Protestants were facing at the time.
Continued...
1636- Pope Urban VIII calls for representatives from the Roman Catholic and Protestant states to meet in Cologne (modern day Germany) for a peace conference. No one showed up.
France: constant unrest. There are plots against Richelieu. The English Civil War served as a foreshadowing of the dangers the continued instability could bring.
Sweden: Citizens were growing tired of distant battles and large casualties.
Germany: Ideas of peace spread through music and plays. Lutheran ministers speak against the war during services.
L
oui
s XIII was the only ruler who wanted the war to continue - in order to diminish Habsburg power even more.
Holy Roman Empire promised tolerance of Protestantism in Hungary after more Habsburg defeats in 1645. Ferdinand III promises forgiveness of princes within his empire who fought against him.
Preliminaries for a peace agreement began in 1643 even as the Franco-Sweden army continued to fight the Holy Roman Empire.
French victory in 1643 after the outbreak of the Fronde (rebellion of nobles against the King's authority) forced Louis XIV to seek peace.

Civilian: Cardinal Richelieu, Gustavus Adolphus
Military: Henri Tureane

Catholic Habsburgs:
Civilian: Ferdinand II (died 1637) Ferdinand III
Military: Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly and Maximilian I (Duke of Bavaria)
Turning Point Battle(s):
Strategy:
Catholic Habsburgs:
France-Sweden:
Caracole: combined smaller cavalry charge assisted by firearms. Used smaller armies.
Civil Conflicts in the Countries:
What's happening:
Four years later, another combined French and Swedish army force defeated the Habsburg army.
Maximilian I (Bavaria) sought separate peace with France.
Austrian Habsburgs are forced to make peace because of Spanish defeats in Northern France in 1643. There were also outbreaks of rebellion inside of Spain.
France is at it again...
France tried to delay the Treaty because it wanted Spain to surrender.
Summer 1648- Sweden reoccupied Bohemia hoping to win a larger compensation and toleration for the Lutherans.
Treaty of Münster- Spain finally recognized Dutch Independence. The Spanish Army of Flanders fought against the French in a last-minute effort to help Ferdinand III.
August 1648- France defeated Spanish forces a month after the Swedes captured part of Prague. Ferdinand III had no choice but to sign the peace treaty which was (FINALLY) concluded on October 24, 1648.
The borders of Europe are redrawn
There is now an existence of the Dutch United Provinces and Switzerland on maps.
The war between Spain and France was not ended.
The wars of the German states ended
One-third of the German population died.
Called the worst European catastrophe since the Black Death.
Jessi Adkins
Jermy Johnson
Kailyn Morris
Nicole Tansey
Mackenzie Waters


September 17, 1631: Battle of Breitenfeld
September 5-6, 1634: Second Battle of Nördlingen (AKA Battle of Allerheim)
May 19, 1643: Rocroi
Alliances through marriages.
Tercios: 1500 packed pikemen. Four groups of musketeers around sides or edges.
Gustavus Adolphus
Louis XIII
Philip IV
Cardinal Richelieu
Pope Urban VIII
Maximilian I
Ferdinand III
Full transcript