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A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini
Transcript of A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini
Overview of Psychoanalytical Perspective
Psychoanalytical in ATSS
Theories & Methods
A method of explaining and treating mental and emotional problems by having the patient talk about dreams, feelings, and memories.
In other words,
You are directed to say whatever comes to mind. (Dreams, hopes, wishes, and fantasies) and the person is there to listen and analyze the situation.
Connection To Novel
"It's our lot in life, Mariam. Women like us. We endure. It's all we have. Do you understand? Besides, they'll laugh at you in school. They will. They'll call you harami. They'll say the most terrible things about you. I won't have it." Pg. 19
"Every night after dinner, Babi helped Laila with her homework and gave her some of his own." pg 135
Jalil- Mairam's father actions effected Mariam. Because Jalil didn't recognize Mariam as his daughter, Mariam didn't think she deserved to be loved.
Babi- His influence was the cause for Laila acting diffenelty from Mariam. Laila had her father who was there for her.
Rasheed + Mariam
"You don't know what a communist is? Such a simple thing. Everyone knows . It's common knowledge. You don't ...Bah. I don't know why I'm surprised." pg 98
Do you think that we as people use these theory without actually knowing we do it?
For example: we analyze and pinpoint the flaws of people to discover their personality.
By: Genesis Fernandez
Harami is a derogative term to an illegitimate child. Because this term is used on various occasions on Mariam she feels as though that’s the reason she doesn’t deserve to be loved. This is a reference to “Superego” since in society Mariam is an outcast and she leans to accept it through the actions from her mother and father. Mariam’s basic desire was for her father to spend time with her outside of their little hut. Yet she was denied the simple wish which in turn had a long lasting effect.
Laila had a father figure that more or less loved her. Her father was a there for her and taught her everything he knew. Unlike Mariam, Laila had a father who was there for her. Because she was educated Laila wouldn't yeild as easily to Rasheed as Mariam did.
Rasheed + Laila
Rasheed treats Mariam as though she were less than a person. His treatment is accepted by Mariam because she has never been in a family environment. Since her mother and father weren't togeteher Mariam didn't know how a married couple should be. Mariam actucally believes that Rsheed is the best that she can do since she's a harami. Being a harami affected Mariam's values.
"What good are all your smarts to you now? What's keeping you off the streets, your smart or me?" pg 283
Laila opposes Rasheed on various occasion. Since Laila was educated and was raised in a family oriented house she didn't become subservient to Rasheed. Laila dreamed of marrying her childhood friend, Tariq, but that wasn't possible. Laila's only reason for marrying Rasheed was knowing that part of Tariq was inside her. Her maternal instinct kicked in and she decided that the protection Rasheed offered would keep not only herself but her child safe too.
"She thought of her entry into this world, the harami child of a lowly villager, an unintended thing, a pitiable, regrettable accident. A weed. And yet she was leaving the world as a woman who had loved and been loved back." pg 370
Mariam hahas a change of heart when Aziza enters the picture. The little girl was attracted to Mariam and Mariamat first didn't know how to react. Mariam didn't think she would ever be loved but Aziza changed all that. The little girl changed Mariam. Aziza was the silver lining.
Laila's little boy is a perfect example for "Ego."
Zalmai knows socially that women are at the bottom of the social caste. Especially when his father showeres him with gifts and treats Laila and Mariam horribly. Yet when Rasheed isn't around he is a sweetheart toward his mother.
What does it mean?
Any Ideas ?
Psychoanalysis is a group of psychological theories and methods.
Sigmund Freud is basically known for the father of psychoanalysis, and is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century.
What kind of
The wide range of emotions of death combined with the many types of parenting affect how the two main characters, Laila and Mariam’s, decisions and how they develop as adults in a Taliban society. Psychoanalytically speaking, the effect of death and parenting on Mariam and Laila’s psyche doesn’t allow them to fully develop as functional, healthy adults in society.
There is a structure of the mind that includes:
These structures struggle for control of the energy of the psyche.
The id attempts to have basic pleasure-seeking instincts satisfied and ego works to prevent the id from expressing itself inappropriately.
The superego which is similar to a conscience takes this job one step further by attempting to enforce societal, religious and/or parental values about right and wrong.
Psychoanalytic theory refers to the definition of personality organization and the dynamics of personality development.
Basically, you wont be aware of what is going on causing conflicts in your mind and the only way to get rid of it is to resolve the problem or diminish it by discovering and analyzing it with techniques.