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Transcript of Melanoma
begins in melanocytes
can appear on normal skin, or it may begin as a mole or in another area that has changed in appearance. Description http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000850.htm
http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003063-pdf.pdf References Hasn't grown deeper than the epidermis, is treated by surgery with a 1/2 cm. diameter Stage l Wide extension no more than 2 cm. on all sides Stage ll Also by wide extension. 1 mm to 2 mm thick would have a margin of 1 to 2 cm, about 2 cm if thicker Stage lll Symptoms stage l * a new spot on the skin or a spot that is changing in size, shape or color
a spot that looks different from the other spots on your body
A sore that does not heal
Spread of color from the border of a spot to the skin around it
Redness or a new swelling beyond the border
Itchiness, tenderness, or pain
Change in the surface of a mole – scaliness, oozing, bleeding, or a new bump
ABCD rule used to distinguish moles Cancer has already reached lymph nodes and usually requires lymph node dissection along with wide extension. If more melanoma are present, they should be removed. Other treatment options include radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and chemotherapy. Moles
- Benign skin tumors, certain types of moles increase a persons chance of getting melanoma Treatment/ Cure ll http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/SkinCancer-Melanoma/DetailedGuide/melanoma-skin-cancer-treating-by-stage Stage lV Has already spread to different parts of the body and other lymph notes, hard to cure. -Drugs such as Yervoy and Zelboraf help patients live longer stage lll stage lV Melanoma is currently the fastest growing cancer in the U.S Important & Interesting Facts Prognosis Weak Immune System
- People who have been treated with medicines that suppress the immune system Gender/Genetics
- Men have a higher rate of melanoma
- Genetically inherited Estimated in the United States in 2012: It is the most common cancer for men and women at the ages 20-29 www.charlie.org/melanoma_facts.html About 76,250 new cases (increasing)
About 9,180 deaths
Lifetime risks for getting melanoma: 1 in 50 for whites, 1 in 1000 for blacks, and 1 in 200 for Hispanics; rates increase with age (highest among those in their 80s) Ultraviolet Rays
- Greatest contributor, ex: sunlight, indoor Tanning bed An estimated 80% of sun damage happen up to the age of 18, which can cause skin cancer later on More than one person dies from melanoma every hour The prognosis is most closely related to the thickness of the melanoma and the deepness of it. It is important to remove the entire melanoma at its earliest stage to stop it from spreading. Survival Rates www.melanomainternational.org/melanoma_info/facts.html 15 minutes of skin tanning is equal to a whole day exposed to the sun at the beach Important: If caught in the earliest stages, melanoma is entirely treatable with a survival rate of nearly 100%. If untreated and allowed to spread, there is no known treatment or cure. http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/11-facts-about-melanoma