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Transcript of Po Chü-i
He lived at a time when China was in turmoil because of foreign invasions and economic problems.
At the age of twenty-eight, he passed the highest examination for government service.
He dedicated his life to serving people with integrity and honesty.
He worked as a public official until he was forced to retire at age sixty-one due to illness.
However, he continued writing poetry until it was physically impossible to do so.
"At the End of Spring"
Analogy-a comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
In the lines above when Po Chü-i compares the world to a long dream, he is saying that life is so short and goes by so quickly that it feels like a dream. It doesn't matter how old you are, life will fly by and could be over at any time for anyone.
He wrote many poems lamenting social and economic hardships that faced China.
He was a poet of the T'ang dynasty.
He strongly believed that literature's function was to reform society.
Most of his early works describe the struggles of average people as a result of government indifference and war.
Contrastingly, he also wrote many quiet poems expressing the simple joys of life such as taking a nap.
He tried to write as simply as possible so his works would be accessible to the masses.
"At the End of Spring"
Symbolism-the use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meanings that are deeper than their literal sense.
In the excerpt above, the flower of the pear-tree and the swallow's eggs symbolize new beginnings.
Moral poetry-poetry that illustrates a certain moral or value.
The Doctrine of Tao refers to Taoism, a Chinese philosophy based on advocating humility and religious piety. Taoism believes in simplicity and accepting the way of nature. This is moral poetry because the author is saying that although life is short, there is no need to be upset, because life flies by beautifully.You can't be happy if you can't accept the circle of life.
Moral poetry-poetry that illustrates a certain moral or value
The value of friendship is demonstrated in the lines above because the author is saying that the desire to be reunited with a friend who has passed away is very important to everyone. This example of moral poetry shows the value of friendship and how important it is.
Theme-A main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work which may be stated directly or indirectly.
The theme of this poem is to live life to the fullest. Cherish the ones you love. Life goes by fast, but that's not a bad thing.
He was a member of the Han-lin Academy, a prestigous academic institution.
He was the mayor of Lo-yang, the eastern capital of China.
The overall message being communicated through this poem is that life flies by and that he hopes to be reunited with his friend again one day.
New beginnings are always happening, in nature and with people.
This poem was important to people of the T'ang dynasty because it provided them with comfort when they had to deal with losing a loved one and gave them hope that they would be reunited with them one day.
In nature, at the end of Spring is a time when some cycles are coming to an end, but also when some cycles have just begun. There is a peaceful blend of life at this time in nature, which is why this is the title and setting of this poem.
The poem's purpose is to give hope to its readers.
Legend states that he would travel to peasant villages to read his poems to illiterate women and revise the poems until the women could understand.
Due to his relevancy and simplicity, he was easily the most popular poet of his time and has remained popular since then.