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Transcript of Dropout Prevention:
Identifying Risk Factors & Prevention Strategies
By the conclusion of this session, Family Coaches will be able to:
As we progress through this presentation, please use the accompanying Google Form to share what you are learning
FCs will be able to use the risk factors to identify students as potential candidates for dropping out of high school. FCs will utilize the research-based strategies in the presentation to decrease the dropout percentage of their caseload, thus decreasing the school’s overall dropout rate.
How will we use this professional development in our every day work?
1. Identify 3 or more risk factors for students who drop out. FCs will input these risk factors on the accompanying Google Form.
2. Identify 3 or more effective strategies provided by the National Dropout Prevention Network. FCs will input these benefits on the accompanying Google Form.
3. Demonstrate applicable use of research-based prevention strategies by implementing them with current students who demonstrate risk factors, and/or request to withdraw.
Let's start by using our own experience with students dropping out....
Consider a student that from one of your previous class lists that dropped out. Identify at least 2 risk factors you noticed prior to the student dropping out. How could you have used the ILP to implement strategies to encourage him or her to stay in school? Please place your response in the Google Survey
High School Drop Outs Per Year..................1,000,000+
High School Drop Outs Per Day............…….8,300
% that are 9th Grade Drop Outs......36%
% of US jobs that require diploma..….90%
How Much More a High School Graduate Will Earn than a Dropout…………
* NCES 2012
African American: 9.6%
Asian American: 2.1%
Foreign Born: 20.7%
Children of Foreign Born: 13%
* incomplete data reports
The Risk Factors
There is no single risk factor that can be used to accurately predict who is at risk of dropping out.
Dropping out of school is often the result of a long process of disengagement that may begin before a child enters school.
Dropping out is often described as a process, not an event, with factors building and compounding over time.
Individual Risk Factors
- Learning disability or emotional disturbance
- High number of work hours
- Student is a parent
- High-risk social behavior
- Highly socially active outside of school
- Shown early aggression
- Low achievement in school
- Low educational expectations
- Retained/is over-age for grade
- Poor attendance
- Lack of effort
- Low commitment to school
- No extracurricular participation
Family Risk Factors
- Low socioeconomic status
- High family mobility
- Low education level of parents
- Student has large number of siblings
- Student not living with both natural parents
- Family disruption
- Low educational expectations
- Lack of conversations about school in family
- Sibling has dropped out
- Low contact with school
The most powerful predictors of whether a student will complete high school include course performance and attendance during the first year of high school.
~ Jessica B. Heppen and Susan Bowles Therriault of The National High School Center and American Institutes for Research
So what can we do?
Watch the video and compare the role of the Family Coach to the Advocate Counselor. How are these roles similar, and what can you use from this video in your daily application?
Some Effective Methods of Keeping Students In School
- Safe Learning Environments
- School & Community Collaboration
- Family Engagement
- Early Literacy Development
- Individualized Learning
- After School Opportunities
Let's Take a Deeper Look...
Go to the National Dropout Prevention Website and review the methods that are outlined. Using the Google Survey, briefly describe 3 methods that you can use, or have used, to lower the risk of dropping out.
Other Tools to Consider for Discussion with Students
Does your student want to take the GED? What type of career does your student want to pursue?
Diploma vs GED
- Preferred by colleges, military, most professions
-$8,400 avg. per yr higher salary
- 37% more likely to be employed
- 8x less likely to go to prison*
- Up to $75 + cost of prep - classes
- Not accepted/preferred by many employers
- 5 tests, up to 7 hrs
- Only 63% of students passed the GED in 2011*
* 2011 Annual Statistical Report on the GED test- 723,000 tested, 454,000 passed
Salary & Unemployment (2010)
Want to Serve in the Military?
Applicants are divided into tier levels:
Tier 1: HS Diploma, or 15+ college credits
Tier 2: GED, Vo-Tech, Alternative Education
Tier 3: no HS Diploma, no alternative schooling
-Preferred by military
-No issues with candidates being turned away due to education
- Military allows very limited # of Tier 2 candidates
- Air Force accepts < 1% of Tier 2’s
- Marines accept 5% of Tier 2’s
- Army and Navy accepts 10% of Tier 2’s
Military almost never accepts Tier 3 candidates
You don’t have an education?
Please read the scenario. Use what you learned in this session and place your responses on the Google Survey.
John is an 18 year old 12th grade student who hopes to one day serve in the Navy. He failed last year and is currently earning a mixture of D’s and low F’s. He has a 9 month old daughter and works 2 jobs to support her. Identify 2 strategies you could use to encourage John to stay in school.
- Agora’s dropout rate was 4.62% in the 2013-14 SY.
- 70.33% of Agora’s student population was identified as Economically Disadvantaged in the 2013-14 SY
Independent Research & Webinars
National Dropout Prevention Network: http://www.dropoutprevention.org/
Pennsylvania Dropout Prevention Network: http://succeedinpa.org/
- FCs will apply research-based strategies when working with students who could potentially drop out or have notified FC that they want to drop out.
- Use of effective strategies will result in a decrease in Agora’s dropout rate.
National Dropout Prevention Network
Pennsylvania Dropout Protection Network
National Center for Education Statistics
Bureau of Labor Statistics
WNYC via Youtube
School Performance Profile
* Agora's School Performance Profile