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Political System - David Easton
Transcript of Political System - David Easton
*Regime Mechanisms of Support
*Politicization Types of Support
* External Observable Acts
*Internal Observable Acts- State of Mind Supports are the energy of the system. Without support, demands could not be satisfied or conflicts in goals composed. Introduction
The study of politics is concerned with understanding how authoritative decisions are made and executed for the society. By combining every political actions done by a political individual or group we can obtain a rough picture of what happens in any self-contained political unit.
However, there is already implicit the notion that each part of the larger political canvas does not stand alone but is related to each other part; or, to put it positively, that the operation of no one part can be fully understood without reference to the way in which the whole itself operates. Political System and other Social Systems
Political life as a system of activity. The very idea of a system suggests that we can separate political life from the rest of social activity and examine it as though for the moment it was a self-contained entity surrounded by the environment or setting in which it operates. Like a solar system with a complex of events isolated for certain purposes from the rest of universe. *Properties of Identification:
"Units are the Elements"
Political Actions PS is composed of political
actions structured by political roles and groups.
All actions more or less directly related to
the making of binding decisions for a society.
*Inputs and Outputs
Shapes the structure and behavior of the
system. *Differentiation within System
Empirically, it is impossible to find
significant PS in which the same units all perform the same activities at the same. Members engage at least some minimal division of labor that provides a structure within which actions takes place. *Integration of System
A structured system is to main-
tain itself, it must provide mechanisms whereby its members are integrated or induced to cooperate in some minimal degree so that they can make authoritative decisions. "Demands for
Prestige" In all societies, one fact dominates political life: Scarcity prevails with regard to the most valued things. Demands arise and
assume their parti- cular character in a society either because of the ‘environment’ (external demands) of the system or ‘within the system’ (internal demands). Environment composed of ecology, culture, perso- nality, social structure, and demography. These cons-titute a major set of variables in the setting that helps shape the kind of demands entering a political system. These variables define the priorities of every person or group, shapes their general goals, specific objectives, and the procedures that the members feel ought to be used. However, important types of demands stem from situations occurring within a political system itself (internal demands). This bring us to a fact that citizens are willing to support a demand/s and stands ready to support the existence of a political community and some stable rules of common action that we call the regime. *Quantity and Scope of Support
No ready answer to be offered. The amount of support is not necessarily proportional to its scope. An Approach to the Analysis of Political Systems