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The Mauryan Empire & Gupta Empire

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Kevin Epifano

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of The Mauryan Empire & Gupta Empire

The Caste System of India
India's First Empire
Before the Mauryan Empire, India was divided in warring states.
Chandra Gupta Mauryan took his armies and conquered the kingdoms along the Ganges River in India.
In just a few years, Chandra Gupta’s power covered over most of Northern and Central India.
Ashoka, the New King!
Chandra Gupta died in 273 B.C and passed his kingship on to his grandson Asoka.
The name Ashoka means “without sorrow”.
Asoka had built the greatest empire India has ever seen!
The Gupta Empire
Chandra Gupta I united the warring states in Northern India. Chandra Gupta I took the same name as the first king of the Mauryan Empire.
Gupta rulers practiced the Hindu religion just like many of the rulers of India.
Trade became big under the Gupta Empire. Trading good included salt, gold, silver.
Architecture: Mohenjo-Daro
The Mauryan Empire & Gupta Empire
Economic Power and Paranoia!
The Mauryan Empire became rich because of farming.
The wealth that Chandra Gupta gained went toward his Empire and building irrigation systems and public works.
Chandra Gupta was afraid of being assassinated, so every night he would sleep in a different room in his palace!
Literature of India
Sanskrit is the ancient written language of India.
Mahabharata is an Ancient religious epic and the largest poem in any written language. (90,000 verses)
Bhagavad Gita "Song of the Lord" - The god Krishna goes with a prince into battle. The prince does not want to fight because members of his family are on the other side. He is reminded of his duty as a warrior and so the prince fights the battle.
The Battle of Kalinga
Ashoka was a warrior and during his first year as ruler, he led his armies south to a place called Kalinga.
At Kalinga, a bloody battle took place in which thousands and thousands of people were either injured or died.
After the battle, Ashoka was so sad that he gave up violence and war and converted to Buddhism.
The Buddhist Ruler
Asoka practiced And preached the teachings of Buddha.
Asoka even made hunting illegal because in Buddhism you can not hurt any living creature!
Even though the king’s main religion was now Buddhism, he still tolerated people of different religions.
Tolerate- freedom from prejudice.
Decline of the Mauryan Empire
After Ashoka died in 232 B.C., the Mauryan Empire declined. (smaller or weaker)
Kings were not as good after Ashoka and the last king of the Mauryan Empire was murdered by one of his own generals.
The Mauryan Empire split into warring states.
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