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Solar System

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by

Jay Larsen

on 24 May 2015

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Transcript of Solar System

The Rocky Midgets
Our Solar System
The Sun
center of our solar system
diameter is 1,391,684 km/864,938 mi
mean distance of the Sun to Earth is approximately 1 astronomical unit (about 150,000,000 km/93,000,000 mi)
light travels from the Sun to Earth in about 8 minutes and 19 seconds
composed primarily of the chemical elements hydrogen and helium
average temperature of the corona and solar wind is about 1,000,000–2,000,000 K
in the hottest corona and solar wind regions 8,000,000–20,000,000 K
Mercury
revolves in only 88 days
average speed 170,505 kph/105,947 mph
diameter about 4,879 km/3,032 mi
mass 328.5E21 kg
gravity 3.7 m/s²
closest planet to sun; 57.9M km from the sun
temperature in the day is 800F+
temperature in the night is -275F
surface has many creators
no moons
atmosphere contains small amounts of hydrogen, helium, and oxygen
iron core occupies about 42% of its volume (Earth's is only 17%)
Venus
revolves every 224.7 days
average speed 126,077 kph/78,341 mph
diameter about 12,104 km/7,520 mi
mass 4.867E24 kg
surface area 460,234,317 km²
108.2M km away from the sun
average temperature 864F
no moons
atmosphere mostly carbon dioxide and some nitrogen
second brightest object in our night sky
By: Jay Larsen
Earth
revolves in 365 days
average speed 1670 kph/1040 mph
its diameter about 12,742 km/7,926 mi
mass 5.972E24 kg
149.5M km away from the sun
average temperature 61F (temp. can very greatly around planet)
one moon
atmosphere composed of mostly nitrogen, oxygen,
GUESS WHAT! ITS THE PLANET WE LIVE ON!!!
Mars
revolves every 686.93 days
average speed 86,871 kph/53,979 mph
diameter about 6,779 km/4,221 mi
mass 639E21 kg
gravity 3.711 m/s²
distance from sun 227.9M km
the average temperature -67F
two moons; Phobos and Deimos
a thin atmosphere made up of carbon dioxide and nitrogen (100x smaller than Earth's)
has largest volcano in our solar system
The Gassy Giants
Jupiter
revolves every 12 years
average speed 47,051 kph/29,236 mph
diameter about 139,822 km/88,846 mi
mass 1.898E27 kg
gravity 24.79 m/s²
distance from sun 778.5M km
temperature about -190F to 40F
at least 63 known moons; the four biggest are: Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto
largest planetary atmosphere in the Solar System; made up of mostly molecular hydrogen and helium
keeps the asteroid belt from forming planets
Saturn
revolves every 29 years
average speed 34,821 kph/21,637 mph
diameter about 116,464 km/74,897 mi
mass 568.3E24 kg
distance from sun 1.433B km
average temperature about -270F
at least 53 moons; some of the main ones: Titan, Enceladus, Rhea, Mimas, Pan, Tethys and Dione
atmosphere made up of mostly hydrogen and helium
there is 30+ know rings in 7 different groups
Uranus
revolves every 84 years
average speed 24,607 kph/15,290 mph
diameter about 50,724 km/31,763 mi
mass 86.81E24 kg
distance from the sun 2.877B km
average temperature -371F
27 moons that we know of; the five largest moons are Miranda, Ariel, Umbriel, Titania, and Oberon
atmosphere made of primarily of hydrogen and helium
axis is sideways
Neptune
revolves every 165 years
average speed 19,720 kph/12,253 mph
diameter about 49,244 km/30,775 mi
mass 102.4E24 kg
distance from the sun 4.503B km
average temperature -360F
13 moons; some of the are Triton, Nereid, Proteus, Larissa, Despina, Galatea, Thalassa, and Naiad
atmosphere mostly consists of hydrogen, helium and methane
appears blue from the methane gas
Asteroid Belt
Asteroid Belt objects are made of rock and stone. Some are solid objects, while others are orbiting “rubble piles”.
The Asteroid Belt contains billions and billions of asteroids.
Some asteroids in the Belt are quite large, but most range in size down to pebbles.
Asteroids get their names from suggestions by their discoverers and are also given a number.
We know of at least 7,000 asteroids.
Thanks for watching my presentation about our solar system
Bibliography:
space-facts.com
www.wikapedia.org
www.enchantedlearning.com
science.nationalgeographic.com
www.space.com
marsnews.com
www.mcwdn.org
www.universetoday.com
coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu
solarsystem.nasa.gov
dictionary.reference.com
It is 2-4 AU from the sun to the asteroid belt.
Kuiper Belt
The asteroid belt is the belt between the first four and the last four planets.
The Kuiper Belt is the belt behind all the planets.
it is between 30 and 50 AUs from the sun.
It is like the asteroid belt but much larger; 20 times as wide and 20 to 200 times as massive.
There is an estimated trillion or more comets within the Kuiper Belt.
Oort Cloud
made up of bodies of rock and ice
reaches between 5,000 and 100,000 astronomical units
contains around 0.1 to 2 trillion icy bodies
long period comets come from here
discovered by Dutch astronomer Jan Oort
A comet:
A celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust and, when near the sun, a ‘tail’ of gas and dust particles pointing away from the sun.


Short Period Comets:
A Comet that has orbital periods of less than 200 years and come from the region known as the Kuiper belt
Long Period Comets:
Comets that have periods greater than 200 years and come from the Oort cloud.
Most short period comets come from here.
Dwarf Planets:
A planetary-mass object that is not a planet nor a natural satellite but is in direct orbit of the sun and has enough gravity for its form to be hydrostatic equilibrium but not strong enough to clear a path for itself.
Ceres
in asteroid belt
distance from sun 2.77 AUs
revolves every 4.6 years
average speed 17.882 km/s
no moons
no atmosphere
Pluto
in Kuiper Belt
distance from sun 39.48 AUs
revolves every 248.09 years
average speed 4.666 km/s
5 moon; Charon, Styx, Nix, Kerberos, and Hydra
transient atmosphere
Haumea
in Kuiper Belt
distance from the sun is 43.13 AUs
revolves every 283.28 years
average speed unknown
two moons; Namaka and Hi'iaka
atmosphere unknown
Makemake
in Kuiper Belt
distance from the sun is 45.79 AUs
revolves every 309.9 years
average speed 4.419 km/s
no moons
no atmosphere
Eris
in scattered disc
distance from sun 67.67 AUs
revolves every 557 years
average speed 3.436 km/s
one moon; Dysnomia
transient atmosphere?
Sednoid
a object that is behind Neptune where the perihelion is greater 50 AUs and the aphelion is greater that 150 AUs. the only two objests like this are Sedna and 2012 VP113, and both have perihelia greater that 75 AUs.
Jupiter:orange
Saturn:yellow
Uranus:green
Neptune:blue
Pluto:purple
Sedna:red
Full transcript