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REGION IV- B MIMAROPA

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Princess Jane

on 10 January 2014

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Transcript of REGION IV- B MIMAROPA

REGION IV- B MIMAROPA
ORIENTAL
MINDORO
OCCIDENTAL MINDORO
MARINDUQUE
ROMBLON
PALAWAN
is an administrative region of the Philippines.
is one of two regions of the Philippines having no land border with another region, Eastern Visayas being the other.
is located at the heart of the archipelago and is dubbed as the "
Treasure Trove of Southern Luzon
".
The name is an acronym combining the names of its provinces, which are:
The region is also more formally known as
Southern Tagalog Islands
MIMAROPA is envisioned as the food basket for the country and a haven for tourism, industry, and technology.
Region 4-B (MIMAROPA) is awarded as one of the
top 5 rice producing regions in the country
for 2012.
Economy In 2007, MIMAROPA's economy surged by 9.4%, making it the fastest growing region in the country in that year.
agriculture
forestry
fishing sector
industry sector
service sector
There are only two cities in the entire region:
Calapan City in Oriental Mindoro
, and
Puerto Princesa City in Palawan Province
.
Regional Profile:
Executive Order 103 - CREATION OF MIMAROPA
--COMPOSITION--
MIMAROPA is composed of 5 island provinces, 2 cities and 71 municipalities
--LOCATION AND AREA--
MIMAROPA region lies along the Southern portion of Luzon. It is archipelagic, bounded in the north by CaLaBarZon and the Verde Island; in the southeast by Bicol region and the pacific Ocean ; in the south lies Panay Islands.
MIMAROPA has a total land area of 2,745,720 hectares, with an arable land area of 550,302 has. irrigated areas.
Palawan
is the
biggest
with
Marinduque

as
smallest
island province.
--LANGUAGE--
Tagalog is widely spoken in the region.
Calapan city
ORIENTAL MINDORO
is a province of the Philippines located in the
island of Mindoro under MIMAROPA region
in Luzon, about 140 km southwest of Manila.
Oriental Mindoro is touted as the country's emerging eco-tourism destination.
>> Most of the
endemic species in the Philippines
are found in the
Verde Island Passage
between Mindoro island and the main island of Luzon.
>> The passage houses
2,983
individual species of
algae, corals, crustaceans, mollusks, fishes, marine reptiles, and marine mammals
, based on a study conducted by scientists Carpenter and Springer in 2005.
>>
UNESCO
, declared
Puerto Galera
a biosphere reserve under its Man and the Biosphere Programme in the 1970s.
>> The Verde Island Passage is at the
apex
of the so-called
Coral Triangle
– the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia – which has the distinction of being the "
global center of marine biodiversity".
--HISTORY--
World War II
wrought heavy damages, death and pain to the people of Mindoro. However, social conditions continued to exist without any definitive changes.
After the war, reconstruction and rehabilitation of infrastructure and economy took place which ended with the
division of the island into two provinces
of
Oriental Mindoro
and
Occidental Mindoro
on
June 13, 1950
, by virtue of the
Republic Act No. 505
.
--DEMOGRAPHICS--
most populous province
in the region.
province is largely rural, with 70% of the population engaged in
agriculture and fishing
and with only 30% living in urban centers.
Tagalog
is widely spoken in the province.
Other languages spoken are
Ilocano and Cebuano
.
Dialects of the
Mangyan
language are
Arayan, Alagnan, Buhid, Hanunoo, and Tadyawan.
Most of the population are of
Roman Catholic conviction
.
Indigenous people of Oriental Mindoro are the
Mangyans
(Manguianes in Spanish, Mañguianes in Old Tagalog), consisting of
7 distinct tribes
.
(1)
CITY AND
(14)
MUNICIPALITIES
-City-
Calapan City
-Municipalities-
Baco
Bansud
Bongabong
Bulalacao
Gloria
Mansalay
Naujan
Pinamalayan
Pola
Puerto Galera
Roxas
San Teodoro
Socorro
Victoria
--CLIMATE--
Oriental Mindoro has
no distinct wet or dry seasons
.
Average temperature ranges from
26 to 32 °C (79 to 90 °F)
.
Maximum rainfall-
June to October

Relative humidity is registered at
81%
.
--Geography--
The province has a total land area of
4,238.4 km²
; with the western portion of the province being mountainous or rugged, hills and flood plains are widely distributed in the eastern portion.
Mount Halcon
, standing 2582 m above sea level, is the
18th highest mountain in the country
and is the
province's and island's highest peak
.
Lake Naujan
, the
fifth largest lake in the country
with an area of approximately 8,125 ha of open water, is located at the northeastern part of the island and the province.
--GEOGRAPHY--
Oriental Mindoro's
rich and arable land
is suitable for agriculture.
It is producing large quantities of
rice, corn, coconut, vegetables
and
fruits
like
calamansi, banana, rambutan, marang or uloy, lanzones and durian.
For that, Oriental Mindoro is also known as the
Rice Granary and Fruit Basket of Southern Tagalog.
It still is the
Banana King and Calamansi King of the region.
Its total agricultural area is
169,603.34 hectares
. Based on agricultural statistics, 85,244 hectares are devoted to
palay production
while 21,671 hectares to
coconut plantation
.
The province, for the past years, registered an average of 1 to 2 million cavans as
surplus in rice production
.
VERDE ISLAND PASSAGE
OCCIDENTAL MINDORO
is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon.
known as the "
Home of the Indigenous Mangyans
"
its capital is
Mamburao
.
--HISTORY--
The political history of Occidental Mindoro necessarily begins with the commercial history of Mindoro Island.
Mindoro Island was originally known to the ancients as
Ma-i
.
It was formally called
Mait
, and known to the
Chinese traders
before the coming of the Spanish.
In
1570
, the
Spanish
began to explore the island and named it
Mina de Oro
(
mine of gold
) after finding some of the precious metal, though no major gold discoveries were ever made.
The natives of Mindoro were called
Manguianes
by the Spaniards.
Mt. Halcon
Mt. Halcon
Lake Naujan
Lake Naujan
Lake Naujan
--DEMOGRAHICS--
the
country's 21st least populated province
.
Major languages spoken are
Tagalog
and the
Mangyan
languages.
Ilokano, Visaya, Kapampangan,
and
Bikolano
, are spoken by people who migrated from the provinces where they are spoken.
Occidental Mindoro is a
cultural melting pot
, populated mostly by recent immigrants.
--CLIMATE--
Occidental Mindoro has
two distinct weather types
:
rainy season
and
dry season
.
Rains begin to fall in the province in
late May
, intensifying through
June, July, August, September
and
October
, then gradually subsides in
November
.
The months of
August and September
are the
wettest period
, with storms directly passing through the area.
On the other hand,
dry season
starts in November, with rainfall subsiding in intensity, and altogether ceasing in
January, February, March
and
April
.
March and April
are the
driest period
, with cloudless skies and parched earth characterizing the general area.
Temperature range is from
26 °C (79 °F)
in the windy uplands to
32 °C (90 °F)
in the lowlands.
-Municipalities-
Abra de Ilog
Calintaan
Looc
Lubang
Magsaysay
Mamburao
Paluan
Rizal
Sablayan
San Jose
Santa Cruz
(11)
MUNICIPALITIES
--ECONOMY--
Occidental Mindoro is an
agricultural area
devoted to the production of food.
It 's economic base is
rice production
(
Oryza sativa culture
), a Philippine staple crop.
Wet land or lowland rice is a rainy season crop, produced from
July
(
planting season
) to
October
(
harvest season
).
Tobacco, onions, garlic
and
vegetables
are rather grown during the dry season (November to May).
Forest resources include timber and minerals, among them
gold, copper, silver, chrome
, and
non-metallic minerals
such as
lime
for making cement, and
greenstones
for ornaments.
--ECONOMY--
Oriental Mindoro relies on tourism, and harvest of fruits for an income.
--GEOGRAPHY--
considered the
Geographical Center of the Philippine Archipelago
by the Luzon Datum of 1911, the mother of all Philippine Geodetic surveys.
the province is a "
heart-shaped
" island with a total land area of 95,258 hectares (235,390 acres).
highest peak in Marinduque is
Mount Malindig
(formerly called Mt. Marlanga)
Various cave system occupies the province which include the grand
Bathala cave
, newly discovered San Isidro cave with its complex subterranean river.
Talao cave
with its 12 series of caves overlooking the western part of the island.
--HISTORY--
Legend has it that the island of Marinduque was formed as a consequence of a tragic love affair between two people:
Mariin and Gatduke
.
During the Philippine-American War, Marinduque was the
first island to have American concentration camps
.
Marinduque is the site of the
Battle of Pulang Lupa
, where 250 Filipino soldiers under
Colonel Maximo Abad
, defeated a smaller force of
54 American Infantrymen
.
On
February 21, 1920
, Act 2280 was passed by the Philippine Congress, reestablishing Marinduque as a separate province.
--CLIMATE--
Marinduque is categorized on
Type III climate
having rainfall more or less evenly distributed throughout the year and no clear boundary between dry and wet seasons.
--DEMOGRAPHY--
Population (2010) • Total
227,828
Marinduqueños
are said to be
very hospitable
in nature and are
very welcoming
.
Marinduqueños are of
Tagalog origin
and speak
Tagalog
.
Marinduque Province is resided with various religious groups, with
Catholics
belonging to the
Latin Rite
predominantly making up the greatest number.
--ECONOMY--
Marinduque is an
agricultural province
, primarily growing
rice and coconuts
.
Handicrafts
from Marinduque are also exported to dıfferent parts of the world.
Fishing
is another important part of the economy.
significant role in Marinduque's economy is also played by
tourism
, especially during the
lenten season
.
Recently, some residents are now engaged in
butterfly farming
.
(6)
MUNICIPALITIES
-Municipalities-
BOAC
- the
Provincial Capital
.

BUENAVISTA
-
Home of the famous Bellaroca Island Resort and Spa
.

GASAN
- The
Cultural Nerve Center of the Province
.

MOGPOG
- The
Original Home of the Moriones
.

SANTA CRUZ
-
Province largest town
.

TORRIJOS
-
Home of the famous Poctoy White Beach.
MARINDUQUE
it lies between Tayabas Bay to the north and Sibuyan Sea to the south. It is located south and west of Quezon, east of Mindoro, and north of Romblon.
Its capital is
Boac
.
The Province is the genuine home of the century old
Moriones Festival
.
MT. MALINDIG
TALAO CAVE
BATHALA CAVE
ROMBLON
It lies south of Marinduque and Quezon, east of Mindoro, north of Aklan and Capiz, and west of Masbate.
Its capital is also named
Romblon
.

--BRIEF HISTORY--
Romblon's early inhabitants were the
Negritos
from Panay and
Mangyan
tribes from Mindoro.
Spanish colonization: Dispatched by Governor
Miguel López de Legazpi
, Spanish conquistador
Martin de Goiti explored
the western and northern Visayan Islands including Romblon Islands and Mindoro in late 1569.
American period:
Civil government
was established under
American colonial rule
on
March 16, 1901
.
--DEMOGRAPHICS--
according the May 2010 Philippine census, it has a total population of
283,930
people.
majority of the inhabitants of the province are Visayan
there are
three distinct native languages
spoken by Romblon's inhabitants; they are
Romblomanon or Ini
,
Bantoanon or Asi
, and
Inunhan or Onhan
, which are classified as
Visayan
.
Tagalog
is widely understood, and
English
language stands as the
medium of communication in business and trade
.
The people of the province are mostly
Christians
:
75%
of the population are
Roman Catholic,

25%
belong to other Christian denominations such as the
Philippine Independent Church
.
--ECONOMY--
Romblon has a mainly
agricultural economy
with
copra farming
,
fishing
, and
rice farming
as the chief agricultural activities.
The
fertile soil
nurtures various agricultural crops like
coconut, rice, corn, bananas, raffia palm, root crops, fruit trees
, and many others.
The capital town of
Romblon
and the port town of
Odiongan
are the
province's trade and commercial centers.
Mining
is also a lucrative industry in the province due to its vast mineral resources.
Recently,
tourism
has also become a viable source of income for the province with its pristine beaches and crystal clear waters.
--GEOGRAPHY--
The province is composed of three major islands: Romblon, where the capital city of Romblon is located,
Tablas
, the
largest island
in the province, and
Sibuyan
, the
easternmost island
.
There are also
four smaller island municipalities
:
Banton Island, Simara Island, Maestro de Campo Island,
and
Carabao Island
.
Romblon's islands have a
mountainous and rugged topography
, and are of
volcanic origin
.
The
highest elevation
in the province is
Mount Guiting-Guiting in Sibuyan
, which stands at 2,058 m.
The province is endowed with lush vegetation and mineral resources. The fertile soil nurtures various agricultural activities.
Being an archipelago, its coasts are dotted with numerous fine, white sand beaches such as in
Carabao Island
and
Cresta del Gallo
.
--CLIMATE--
Romblon does not have a truly pronounced wet or dry season though the
heaviest rainfall
occurs from
September to January
.
The
driest months are March and April
which are the best months to visit the province.

27° Celsius
is the annual mean temperature, with
February
being the
coldest month
with temperatures dropping to 20°C, and
May
being the
warmest month
wherein temperatures could reach 35°C.
(17)
MUNICIPALITIES
-Municipalities-
Alcantara
Banton
Cajidiocan
Calatrava
Concepcion
Corcuera
Ferrol
Looc
Magdiwang
Odiongan
Romblon
San Agustin
San Andres
San Fernando
San Jose
Santa Fe
Santa Maria
--GEOGRAPHY--
General land surface features that characterize Occidental Mindoro are
mountains, rivers, hills, valleys, wide plains
and some small
fresh water lakes
.
Mountain ranges converge on the two central peaks, namely
Mount Halcon in the north,
and
Mount Baco in the south
.
There is also a mountain known as
bundok ng susong dalaga
, the "
Maiden's breast mountain
", that looks like a reclined woman.
The
northern part
of the province has relatively
fewer plains
, while the
southern parts
have
wider flatlands
.
The province is also
home
to one of the more
popular coral reefs in the Philippines
,
Apo Reef
.
APO REEF
MOUNT GUITING-GUITING
CARABAO ISLAND
CRESTA DEL GALLO
PALAWAN
Its capital is
Puerto Princesa City
the
largest province in the country
in terms of
total area of jurisdiction
.
The province is named after its largest island,
Palawan Island.

--HISTORY--
Ancient times: During the period of the
Three Kingdoms
,

"
little, dark people
"
known as
Aetas and Negritos
from whom Palawan's Batak tribe descended.
Palawano and Tagbanwa
, are also descendants of the early settlers.

--ECONOMY--
Palawan's economy is basically
agricultural
.
The three major crops are
palay, corn and coconut
.
Mineral resources include
nickel, copper, manganese, and chromite
.
Logging
is also a
major industry
.
Palawan has one of the
richest fishing grounds in the country
.
Having
natural gas reserves
of approximately 30,000 trillion cubic feet
the province is the
only oil-producing province in the country.
In addition,
tourism
is also a thriving sector.
Pearl diving used to be a significant economic activity for Palawan until the advent of plastics.
The
world's largest pearl
, the 240 millimetres (9.4 in) diameter
Pearl of Lao Tzu
, was found off Palawan in 1934.
PEARL OF LAO TZU
--DEMOGRAPHICS--
the population of the province excluding the independent Puerto Princesa City is
771,667
persons, or
994,340
including Puerto Princesa.
a melting pot of
87 different cultural groups and races
who live together in
peace and harmony
.
52 languages and dialects
in the province, with
Tagalog
being spoken by more than 50 percent of the people.
The predominant religion in Palawan is
Roman Catholicism
.
--GEOGRAPHY--
Palawan is composed of the
long and narrow Palawan Island
, plus a number of other
smaller islands
surrounding the main island.
The disputed
Spratly Islands
, are considered part of Palawan by the Philippines, and is locally called the "
Kalayaan Group of Islands
".
Palawan's almost 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) of irregular coastline are dotted with roughly 1,780 islands and islets, rocky coves, and sugar-white sandy beaches.
highest peak rising to 6,843 feet (2,086 m) at
Mount Mantalingahan
.
SPRATLY ISLANDS
MOUNT MANTALINGAHAN
(1)
CITY AND

(23)
MUNICIPALITIES
-City-
Puerto Princesa City
-Mainland municipalities-
Aborlan
Bataraza
Brooke's Point
Dumaran
El Nido (Bacuit)
Narra
Quezon
Rizal (Marcos)
Roxas
San Vicente
Sofronio Española
Taytay
-Island municipalities-
Agutaya
Araceli
Balabac
Busuanga
Cagayancillo
Coron
Culion
Cuyo
Kalayaan (Spratly Islands)
Linapacan
Magsaysay
--CLIMATE--
The province has
two types of climate
.
The first, which occurs in the
northern and southern extremities and the entire western coast
, has two distinct seasons – six months dry and six months wet.
The other, which prevails in the
eastern coast
, has a
short dry season
of
one to three months
and no pronounced rainy period during the rest of the year.
Summer months
serve as
peak season
for Palawan.
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