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Transcript of Robert Capa
Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist
born Endre Friedmann but changed his name to Robert Capa to make it sound more American
co-founded Magnum Photos
covered the Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II,1948 Arab-Israeli War, and the First Indochina War
"If your photographs aren't good enough, you're not close enough." -Robert Capa
He was born into a Jewish family in Budapest.
He started studies in journalism at the German Political College, but the Nazi Party instituted restrictions on Jews and prohibited them from colleges.
At that time, he had already been a hobby-photographer.
In 1934 "André Friedman", as he still called himself then, met Gerda Pohorylle, a German Jewish refugee.
Together they created the name and image of "Robert Capa" as a famous American photographer. She travelled with Capa to Spain in 1936 intending to document the Spanish Civil War.
In February 1943 Capa met Elaine Justin.
They fell in love and the relationship lasted until the end of the war.
Capa was first recognized by the The Picture Post on 3 December 1938 claiming that he was the Greatest War Photographer and gave him a 26 photo spread of the Spanish Civil War
After his companion passed away, he traveled to Europe where he photographed the American front in WWII
World War II
He founded Magnum Photography with Henri Cartier-Bresson
As a teenager, Capa was drawn into a Work Circle, a group of socialist and wonderful artists, photographers, and intellectuals centered around the Budapest. Robert participated in the demonstrations against the Miklós Horthy regime. In 1931, a little bit before his first photo was published, Robert Capa was arrested by the Hungarian secret police, to be beaten, and jailed for his radical political activity. A police official’s wife who also happened to know his family was able to win Capa’s release as long as he agreed to leave Hungary immediately.
Politics in Robert's Life
The Falling Soldier is a photograph taken by Robert Capa during the Spanish Civil War. It shows an Iberian Federation of Libertarian Youth (FIJL) soldier known as Federico Borrell García falling after being fatally shot at the battle site of Cerro Muriano
Moved from Paris to New York to escape Nazi persecution
Sent to various European Theatre for photography projects
During July and August 1943, Capa was in Sicily with American troops, near Sperlinga, Nicosia and Troina.
Robert Capa's pictures show the suffering of Sicilian people under German bombing and their happiness when American soldiers arrived
The Magnificent Eleven are 11 pictures of D-Day. He had taken 106 pictures but they were all destroyed during a processing accident in a photo lab.
Robert Capa using his Eisenstaedt 35mm Leica M3 camera to take a photo of Margaret Bourke-White