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SS8H5a with teacher notes
Transcript of SS8H5a with teacher notes
a. Explain the establishment of the University of Georgia, Louisville, and the spread of Baptist and Methodist churches.
First University President:
Oldest Public University in the United States
General Assembly granted 40,000 acres to the University Trustees in January, 1785
No classes held until 1801, First graduates in 1804
So...What am I supposed to learn?
Well, this Prezi only covers one element, but the standard as a whole asks that you understand:
The intent of this standard is for students to learn about the people and events that led to the establishment of the University of Georgia, Louisville, and the spread of the Baptist and Methodist Churches throughout the state. Students must also evaluate the land allocation policies that Georgia incorporated after the Revolution, and explain how the invention of the cotton gin and railroads impacted the growth of Georgia. Finally, students must analyze the people and events that led to one of the most tragic
episodes in Georgia’s and the nation’s history, the Indian Removal and Trail of Tears
The University Of Georgia
The University of Georgia (UGA) was established on January 27, 1785, when Georgia’s General
Assembly approved the charter. UGA is America’s first publically supported institute of higher
learning. The future signer of the U.S. Constitution, Abraham Baldwin, was chosen by Governor Lyman Hall (a singer of the Declaration of Independence) to draft the charter for the University. Baldwin was president of the University from 1785 until 1801. Unfortunately, many other events in the state caused UGA to exist on paper only. The University finally opened its doors to students in September, 1801. The University’s first permanent building, Franklin College, did not open until 1806. For many years, the University had only one college (the College of Arts and Science) and struggled with financial difficulties. Nevertheless, many important Georgia political and business leaders graduated from UGA during this time period. After the Civil War, the University was designated as a “land grant institution” under the Morill Act of 1872 and expanded its size and academic reputation dramatically over the next 130 years.
Note: Though the University of Georgia was the first public university to be chartered, the University of North Carolina actually held classes first. Today there is a spirited debate between the two institutions about which one is actually the Nation’s first state sponsored University.
For more information about the establishment of the University of Georgia see:
New Georgia Encyclopedia: “University of Georgia”
New Georgia Encyclopedia: “Abraham Baldwin”
Louisville was Georgia’s third state capital following Savannah and Augusta. The city, named after French King Louis XVI for his support during the American Revolution, was the capital from 1796-1807. Located in Jefferson County, Louisville was selected as the capital due to, what at the time was its location as the center of Georgia population. This was driven by the state’s westward expansion. The state’s legislators hoped that the town would also serve as a trading center due to its location on the Ogeechee River. Once it was established, Louisville developed both socially and financially. However, Louisville’s time as capital ended in 1807 due several factors including the
malaria outbreaks the occurred in the city every year, the difficulty of using the Ogeechee River as a trade route, and most importantly, the continual Northwestern movement of Georgia’s population.
Note: One of the most famous events in the city was when the state legislators publically set fire to the Yazoo Land Act with a magnifying glass.
Note: Georgia’s Louisville is not pronounced the same as the Louisville in Kentucky. In Georgia, it sounds like the name “Lewis.” In the same way most Americans pronounce St. Louis, Missouri.
Note: The primary reason that students should know about Louisville is it illustrates Georgia’s population growth and movement from the coast to the Northwestern part of the state.
Note: An easy way for students to remember the name of all of Georgia’s capital cities is to teach them the acronym S.A.L.M.A. which stands for
Savannah, Augusta, Louisville, Milledgeville, and Atlanta.
For more information about Louisville, the former capital of Georgia see:
New Georgia Encyclopedia: “Louisville”
The Spread of Baptist and Methodist Churches
Though the founder of the Methodist church, John Wesley, preached in colonial Georgia, Georgians did not begin identifying themselves with the denomination until the Second Great Awakening (1790-1830). During the same time period, the Baptist Church also dramatically increased its numbers as well. By the 1830’s, these denominations became the largest in the state. Both churches gained popularity amongst working class Georgians in the frontier and small towns of the state. In addition, due to these denominations’ mission work on plantations, many slaves converted to either the Baptist or Methodist churches. Both the Baptists and Methodists used revivals and camp meetings to help increase their membership. These meeting were all day affairs where famers and other townspeople could listen to the sermon but also get together and socialize with their friends and family after weeks of laboring on their farms. The Methodist church also incorporated the use of circuit riders, ministers who would ride from small town to small town and preach. These circuit riders were instrumental in bringing new converts to the church.
For more information about the spread of the Baptist and Methodist churches in Georgia see: New Georgia Encyclopedia:“Baptists: Overview ”
New Georgia Encyclopedia: “Viewpoints: Georgia Baptist History ”
New Georgia Encyclopedia:“Methodist Church: Overview ”
New Georgia Encyclopedia:“Revivals and Camp Meetings ”