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Social 30 Cold War
Transcript of Social 30 Cold War
US Support for countries threatened by communism
400 million to Greece and Turkey
The Marshall Plan
$13 Billion to rebuild European countries devastated by war
Maintain or expand Soviet Influence to surrounding countries
Germany had invaded the Soviet Union twice at great cost.
Keep Germany Divided
Create a buffer zone for the Soviet Union's safety
Mutually Assured Destruction
A Balance of power between the Soviet Union and the United States
the maintenance of military power for the purpose of discouraging attack
Brinkmanship : the practice of causing or allowing a situation to become extremely dangerous in order to get the results that you want
Over Cuba, 27 October 1962
Berlin, Germany 1989
Soviet War in Afghanistan 1979-1989
Détente: an ending of unfriendly or hostile relations between countries
Prague Spring, Czechoslovakia, 1968
Solidarity Movement, Poland 1980
See page 209-210
People living under communism rejecting that ideology in favor of freedom:
Prague, Czechoslovakia 1968
1989 across Eastern Europe.
President Nixon Visits China 1972
1960s to 1979
Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev Signing SALT
Hungarian Revolution, October 1956
Korean War (1950-53)
Ideology in Conflict
Crushed by Soviet Forces Nov. 1956
Arms control treaties
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks Agreement:
SALT 1 (1969-72)
SALT 2 (1972 to 1979)
Fall of Communism
Cold War Hot Spots
Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II, right, opens the new Welcome Wing of London ‘s Science Museum with Associated Press photographer Nick Ut, left and Phan Thi Kim Phuc, center, June 27, 2000. Ut’s image of Kim is featured in the museum.
The children from left to right are: Phan Thanh Tam, younger brother of Kim Phuc, who lost an eye, Phan Thanh Phouc, youngest brother of Kim Phuc, Kim Phuc, and Kim’s cousins Ho Van Bon, and Ho Thi Ting. Behind them are soldiers of the Vietnam Army 25th Division, June 8, 1972. (Nick Ut/AP Photo)
Vietnam War (1956-75)
Major Rudolf Anderson, Jr., USAF (September 15, 1927 – October 27, 1962)
Potsdam Conference 1945
Castro's Communist Victory 1959
Bay of of Pigs 1961 CIA Sponsored invasion of Cuba
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962
The general killed the Viet Cong; I killed the general with my camera. Still photographs are the most powerful weapon in the world. People believe them, but photographs do lie, even without manipulation. They are only half-truths. What the photograph didn't say was, "What would you do if you were the general at that time and place on that hot day, and you caught the so-called bad guy after he blew away one, two or three American soldiers? Eddie Adams, Photographer
Eastern Europe Liberation Movements
5 Minutes, more detailed:
Countries choose not to align (take sides) with either the United States or the USSR) during the cold war.
avoided the spheres of influence of both superpowers
Many were former colonies in Asia and Africa
Clip from 13 Days
Cold War in Asia
Communist North Korea
Ends in Armistice 1953
Permanent Division of
24 Trident I.C.B.Ms
Up to 8 MIRV warheads each