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Israel-Palestine Conflict

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Emely Hernandez

on 16 June 2014

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Transcript of Israel-Palestine Conflict

The United Nation's Proposal
Six-Day War
Question
Who is to blame for the conflict Israelis or Palestinians?
Origins of Conflict
The problem started in the late 19th century when the Zionist movement started between the Jews (mainly in Europe) to establish a homeland for the Jews in Palestine
Before that Jews lived in peace with Muslims and Christians in Palestine for about 1300 years (Mideast a Century of Conflict).
Palestinian Rights
There was
a lot
tension in the Middle East in 1967
The Israelis went to war with Egypt, Syria, and Jordan for more land
Israel won, and had more land than ever
Palestinians were refugees, and couldn't return home
The status of Palestinians in Israel as a Jewish state is problematic. From 1948 until 1966 the Palestinians in Israel lived under military rule and in fact under military occupation. Palestinians faced restrictions on the freedom of movement, restrictions on the freedom of press and opinion and legal confiscation of land and property. Under military law Palestinians faced the possibility of deportations, illegal detentions without trial, curfews, house arrests etc. The end of military rule in 1966 did not end this legal and institutional discrimination.
Although Palestinian citizens of Israel are entitled to vote and participate in Israeli political life, and several Palestinians are members of the Knesset (the Israeli parliament), they do not receive the same treatment as the Jewish citizens at the hands of the government.
Palestinian Arab children get an education inferior to that of Jewish children, and their relatively poor performance in school reflects this.
Palestinian villages in Israel are not recognized by the Israeli government, and are not listed on maps and receive no services (water, electricity, sanitation, roads, etc.) from the government.


Perspectives on Conflict
Peace Talks-Negotiation
Israel-Palestine Conflict
Balfour Declaration
When Britain occupied Palestine during WWI, they gave a declaration to the Jews that they will give them a homeland in Palestine
There was one big problem however: the land already was populated by indigenous Arabs
Giving the land to Jews was considered necessary after the Holocaust
(Mideast a Century of Conflict).
The UN Security Council voted to split Palestine evenly and establish a Jewish and Arab State in Palestine
Jerusalem and Bethlehem would be controlled by UN
The Arab state was supposed to comprise roughly 4,300 square miles
The Jewish State was supposed to be roughly 5,700 square miles
But both states didn't like or agree to the idea
On July 2013, direct negotiations between Israel and Palestine began, John Kerry's attempt to restart the peace progress. A deadline was set to April 29,2014 to have an agreement. Neither sides are not making effort due to fear of creating expectations that could produce an acute crisis of leadership.
On the Israeli side the refusal to release a fourth group of long-serving Palestinian prisoners, on March 29 as per prior agreement, suggests an intention to provoke the Palestinian Authority and doom this latest diplomatic effort.
As might have been expected, the Palestinian side played its part by provoking Israel in return. It announced a plan to join 15 international treaties, including the Geneva Conventions, and thus continue to claim the accoutrements of statehood as conferred by the United Nations General Assembly at the end of 2012.
Israel is angered by such a move, contending that the only path to Palestinian statehood is bilateral agreement in which Israel gives its consent (
Israel Ministry of Foreign)
Pope Francis intervened in the collapsed peace process and has scheduled a meeting on June 6, with Israeli and Palestinian presidents to join a prayer summit in his home in the Vatican.

What Ended Up Happening
May 14, 1948 was establishment of the independent state of Israel
Almost immediately, four Arab states- Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Iraq -invaded the new state
Israel fought for their rights to the land
While the Arab armies were weak and disorganized and weak
By the time the war ended in 1949, Israel had even more land than called for in the U.N. partition plan
The Palestinian community in Palestine just disintegrated. The majority of Palestinians became refugees, and Palestine -- the geographical term Palestine -- disappeared from the map"
(Mideast a Century of Conflict).
Yom Kippur War
Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel in October 1973 to regain territories they lost, which illustrates that there is no peace in sight at the moment
Was on Yom Kippur the highest of Jewish Holy Days
The war, which lasted 19 days, shook Israel
The Palestinians understood that they could no longer rely on Arab states like Egypt and Syria to fight for them
This war was a turning point because Israelis leaders understood they needed to enter serious negotiations with the Arabs (
Mideast a Century of Conflict).
If Palestinians living in Arab nations or in the Occupied Territories return to Israel to reclaim land, it can mean the end of Israel as a Jewish state. Israel is constantly defending themselves from hateful terrorist attacks produced by the Hamas terrorist group and Palestinian people (Coleman). Due to this, they view themselves in a constant state of defense for the security of their citizens, sovereignty, land, and identity. Although they are determined to hold their position against terrorism, they understand the dramatic negative effects of the violence on their citizens. Their identity as “exiles” drives them to become a more security and religious oriented culture. Nationalism, culture, religion, and identity are all intricately connected to produce a security oriented country, determined to be a safe place for the Jewish community and a prosperous growing nation (Coleman). Due to the security oriented style of negotiation, demand of the end of violence on the part of the Palestinian people and Hamas will be the first fundamental component that will enter negotiations. Also, because they have endured thousands of years of abuse and exile based on their beliefs, they place a grave importance of Israel remaining a Jewish state (Coleman).

As refugees,Palestinians believe they should be able to return to their or their families land in Israel. Palestinians living in Israel seek rights that are equal to Jewish citizens of the state as well as self-determination (Sager). Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip seek an end to the Israeli military's domination of every aspect of their daily lives - whether through direct military occupation, as in the West Bank, or control from without, as in the case of the Gaza Strip - and rights to freedom and national self-determination, equal to those of other national groups (Sager). And Palestinian refugees and others living in exile want the right to return to their homes, if they so desire, or to receive compensation and support for resettlement, just like other refugee populations in the world.
Occupied Territories at the Moment
Dispute over what area belongs to who seems to be at the heart of this conflict. The dispute is over the West Bank (including East Jerusalem), the Gaza Strip especially since Israel has settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
Palestine Occupied Territories:
West Bank
Gaza Strip




Who is affected by the Conflict
Neither side can say they feel safe. Both are equally as scared and live constantly in the midst of upheaval and violence. The children though are the ones who suffer the most living under war-torn nations. Palestinian and Israeli children not only suffer the direct physical consequences of violence, they are also being psychologically scarred by the high levels of violence they witness (
University of Michigan).
Children of Israel
Children of Palestine
Children living in different parts of the West Bank, Gaza, and Israel face vastly different realities.
Children living in the West Bank may need to cross a check point to go to school or hospital, face arbitrary arrest by Israeli soldiers or police, or random violence perpetrated by settlers
Children living in Gaza may face unexpected and indiscriminate gun-fire, tank incursions and shelling, often at night. They experience high-rates of poverty and poor living conditions such as lack of access to clean water
Children from minorities groups in Israel, such as Bedouins or Palestinians, may face religious or ethnic discrimination (War Children).
Most people seem to think that the Israelis have it easier than the Palestinians, but this is not entirely true.
Israeli children living near the border with Gaza face sporadic conflict- related violence, particularly rocket fire
Face discrimination, which leads to rapes, kidnappings and individual murders of Israeli children.
Due to bombings, Israeli children die or are severely wounded.
Others are killed in shootings and attacks on cars or buses.
Conclusion
This conflict has been going on for a long time. One group of refugees found a much needed home but in the process a new group of refugees was created. Many people have lost their homes, family, and identity along the way. Both Israel and Palestine are at fault, but not to blame for this conflict. No one really is to blame for this conflict because it was never predict that it would have such repercussions. This conflict isn't black and white, it's not issue that can be solved, so easily. The damage has been done, and it's all of matter of what is going to happen next.
Why it's Complicated
The Israeli/Palestinian conflict is due to unable to reach a deal and is driven by a vicious cycle of violence and hatred: The Palestinians lack control over their land and feel victimized, thus extremists in their population commit acts of violence against Israeli civilians; the threat of violence against Israeli civilians prompts Israeli politicians to enact heavy-handed retaliatory campaigns (in which innocent people die) and leads them to expand further into Palestinian lands—this expansion is used by Palestinian extremists to justify their terrorism and the entire cycle continues. Regardless of whom started this cycle of hatred and violence, the fact remains that it must be stopped for peace to exist in Israel and Palestine. Israel continues to build settlements within the West Bank, which gives Palestinian terrorists the excuse to lash out with terrorism(Sager). This terrorism causes Israeli politicians to lash out with their armed forces and allows them to justify continuing to build in the Gaza territory. Ultimately, this cycle in self-sustaining and, unless it is stopped, will result in massive pain for both Israelis and Palestinians for years to come.
Works Cited
University of Michigan. "How Palestinian and Israeli Children Are Psychologically Scarred by Exposure to War." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 Sept. 2010. Web. 30 May 2014.
"The Mideast: A Century of Conflict Index." NPR. NPR, n.d. Web. 01 June 2014.
West Bank and Gaza Map. 2007. Wikipedia, n.p.
Israeli- Arab Conflict. 2009. Geography, n.p
Wall between Israel and West Bank. 2010. Israel-Palestine.
Zionist Meeting. 1897. Wikipedia, n.p.
The Israel-Palestinian peace process: Two states for two peoples." Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 27 November 2007. Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 27 May 2014
"US Official: Obama Blames Settlements for Failed Talks." The Times of Israel. N.p., 16 May 2014. Web. 27 May 2014.
"Global Policy Forum." Israel, Palestine and the Occupied Territories. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.
"Israel and the PLO." BBC News. BBC, 20 Apr. 1998. Web. 27 May 2014.
Coleman, Valerie. "Israel's Perspective on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict." Israel's Perspective on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. N.p., 30 May 2008. Web. 15 June 2014.
Sager, Josh. "THE ISRAELI/PALESTINIAN CONFLICT: A COMPLICATED ISSUE – PART #2." The Progressive Cynic. N.p., 26 Nov. 2012.

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