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PI individual presentation

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Yilan Ling

on 17 November 2017

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Transcript of PI individual presentation

Introduction
“The efficient secret of the English constitution may be described as the close union, the nearly complete fusion of the executive and legislative powers”

Walter Bagehot <
the English constitution
>
II. Majoritarianism in the electoral system
I. functional but not organic separation of
legislative and executive powers
Comparative Constitution Institutions Individual Presentation
The fusion of powers in the UK parliamentary regime
Yilan Ling
Conclusion
The fusion of powers in the UK parliamentary regime largely promotes efficiency, while mechanisms are introduced to eliminate the risks.
Bibliography
Definitions:
-
Horizontal separation of powers:
the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of a state are
kept separate
to prevent abuse of power

-
Fusion of powers:
the executive and legislative branches of a state
are intermingled
Critical Issue
Does the fusion of powers in the UK parliamentary regime promote efficiency or cause problems?
Outline
I. functional but not organic separation of legislative and executive powers
II. Majoritarianism in the electoral system
A. efficiencies B. Risks and solution
A. efficiencies B. Risks and solution
A. Efficiency:

The government and the parliament move together without deadlock
B. Risk:
delegation problems
Solution:
heightened ex ante control by cohesive parties
Further thinkings
Is the risk of tyranny necessary for underdeveloped countries for high efficiency to catch up with the developed countries?
A. Efficiency:
government's legislative and policy programs are easily passed
B. Risk:
lack of government accountability, “tyranny of the majority”
Solution:
shadow cabinet
"A system intentionally promotes efficiency over abstract concerns about tyranny" Bagehot
Full transcript